It happened today – this day in history – October 10

1375: The Westfriese sea wall breaks flooding northern Netherlands.

1549: The Duke of Somerset is dismissed as Lord Protector and imprisoned.

1631: The Saxon army occupies Prague.

1695: Willem III escapes South Netherlands, back to England.

1733: France declares war on Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI.

1787: Amsterdam surrenders to the invading Prussian army.

1813: Birth of Italian composer Guiseppe Verdi.

1839: British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut.

1846: Neptune’s moon Triton is discovered by William Lassell.

1865: John Wesley Hyatt patents the billiard ball made from cellulose nitrate (celluloid) in Albany, New York.

1868: Cuba revolts for independence from Spain.

1871: The Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after three days, leaving approximately 300 dead and 100,000 homeless.

1874: Fiji becomes a British possession.

1886: The first dinner jacket is worn to an autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, New York. It is christened the Tuxedo.

1892: The entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in a shipwreck off Taiwan.

1899: Issac R. Johnson patents the bicycle frame.

1900: Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising, while in Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province.

1902: The Gibson Mandolin guitar company is formed. On the same day, American outlaw Tom Horn’s trial for murder begins.

1903: The Women’s Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women’s rights in Britain.

1913: The British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in the Atlantic. 136 people die.

1917: Birth of jazz pianist Thelonious Monk.

1920: Italy annexes South Tirol.

1928: Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China.

1933: The frst synthetic detergent, “Dreft” by Procter & Gamble, goes on sale.

1935: George Gershwin’s “Porgy & Bess” opens on Broadway.

1938: Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovich’s first string quartet.

1941: The RAF bombs Piraeus, in Greece to prevent German heavy armour advancing.

1943: US bombers accidentally strike Enschede in The Netherlands, causing 151 deaths.

1954: Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after the withdrawal of French troops.

1957: President Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a restaurant in Dover, Delaware. On the same day, a fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, becomes the world’s first major nuclear accident.

1958: Singles chart:

  1. Stupid Cupid – Connie Francis
  2. Volare – Dean Martin
  3. When – The Kalin Twins
  4. King Creole – Elvis Presley
  5. Move It – Cliff Richard
  6. Bird Dog – The Everly Brothers
  7. Born Too Late – The Poni Tails
  8. Mad Passionate Love – Bernard Breslaw
  9. Poor Little Fool – Ricky Nelson
  10. A Certain Smile – Johnny Mathis

1959: Pan Am begins regular flights around the world.

1963: From Russia With Love, the second James Bond film, premieres in London.

1964: The Summer Olympic Games opens in Tokyo, Japan.

1967: Brendan Behan’s “Borstal Boy” premieres in Dublin.

1969: The Northern Ireland Cabinet accepts the Hunt report recommendations to disarm the RUC and abolish the Ulster Special Constabulary.

1970: Quebec separatists kidnap Canadian Labour and Immigration Minister Pierre Laporte. On the same day, Fiji gains independence from Britain.

On TV tonight:

LONDON WEEKEND
10.00The Conservative Party Conference
12.30The Wind in the Willows
12.45News
12.50World of Sport: Hosted by Dickie Davies
12.55 On The Ball with Brian Moore; 13.20 Horse racing; 1510 International Sports Special; 16.00 Wrestling; 16.55 Results
17.10The Forest Rangers
17.40The Beverly Hillbillies
18.10News
18.15Making Whoopee
18.45No, That’s Me Over Here
19.15Crowther’s in Town
20.00Hawaii Five-0
Police adventure starring Jack Lord
21.00Fraud Squad
22.00News
22.15The Frost Programme
23.15Think Twice
23.30On Reflection
23.55In Your Interest

BBC ONE
10.40Time Machines
11.40Weatherman
11.45Grandstand
17.20The Pink Panther Show
17.40The News
17.50Here’s Lucy
18.15Show of the North
18.45Film: Night Passage (1957)
Starring James Stewart and Audie Murphy
20.10The Harry Secombe Show
With guests Jimmy Tarbuck and Clodagh Rogers
20.55Ben Travers Farces: A Cup of Kindness
The famous Aldwych Farces adapted for TV , this weeks starring Arthur Lowe and Richard Briers
21.45Horse of the Year Show
22.25News
22.35Match of the Day
Introduced by David Coleman
23.35Conservative Party Conference Report

BBC TWO
11.15Conservative Party Conference 1970
Prime Minister, Rt Hon Edward Heath, MP addresses the final session at the Winter Gardens, Blackpool.
15.00Saturday Cinema: The Tall Stranger (1957)
Western adventure starring Joel McCrea and Virginia Mayo
And16.20Closedown
19.30The News & Sport and Weather
19.45Disco 2
Music show introduced by Pete Drummond featuring Mott The Hoople and singer-songwriter Bridget St John
20.10Rugby Special and International Golf
21.00Chronicle
21.45The Roads to Freedom
Adaptation of the story by Jean Paul Satre starring Daniel Massey and Michael Bryant
22.30Rowan and Martin’s Laugh In
American comedy featuring Goldie Hawn, Lily Tomlin and HenryGibson.
23.20News on 2 and Weather
23.25Midnight Movie: The Left Hand of God (1955)
Starring Humphrey Bogart and Gene Tierney

1972: Three IRA members die in a premature explosion in a house in Balkan Street, Lower Falls, Belfast.

1973: US vice president Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to tax fraud.

1974: Labour wins the general election. Harold Wilson becomes prime minister again.

1975: Film stars Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor remarry in Africa only 16 months after getting divorced. On the same day, Israel formally signs the Sinai Accord with Egypt.

1976: Mao Zedong’s widow is arrested in China.

1978: Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as president of Kenya.

1980: Two earthquakes strike the northern Algerian city of El Asnam, kiling about 3,500. On the same day, Margaret Thatcher informs the Conservative Party Conference at Brighton that “..the lady’s not for turning.”

1983: Death of actor Sir Ralph Richardson aged 80.

1985: US fighter jets force an Egyptian plane carrying the hijackers of the Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro to land in Italy and the gunmen are placed in custody. On the same day, actor/director Oron Welles dies of a heart attack aged 70 and actor Yul Brynner dies from cancer aged 65.

1986: Shimon Peres resigns as Prime Minister of Israel.

1995: Israel begins to pull back from the West Bank, freeing hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.

1999: Thousands gather to watch the London Eye become the latest landmark on the London skyline.

2002: Former cricketer Imran Khan is first elected to the Pakistani Parliament.

2004: Having already clinched his record seventh Formula 1 World Drivers Championship, Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher wins a record 13th race of the season at the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka. On the same day, Superman actor Christopher Reeve dies from an adverse reaction to an antibiotic at 52.

2009: Boyzone singer Stephen Gately dies suddenly at the age of 33 while on holiday in Majorca. On the same day, Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich to open their borders for the first time in 200 years.

2010: Soul singer Solomon Burke dies at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport while on a plane that had just landed from Washington Dulles Airport. On the same day, operatic soprano Dame Joan Sutherland dies aged 83.

2010: Mark Ronson – Record Collection

Album chart:

  1. Disc-Overy – Tinie Tempah
  2. Science & Faith – The Script
  3. Sigh No More – Mumford & Sons
  4. Going Back – Phil Collins
  5. Reach For The Skies – Central Band Of The RAF
  6. The Defamation Of Strickland Banks – Plan B
  7. Record Collection – Mark Ronson
  8. Flamingo – Brandon Flowers
  9. Recovery – Eminem
  10. 25 – A-Ha

2014: Schoolgirl activist Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.

2019: 3,500 women are the first to be allowed to attend a football match in Iran for a World Cup qualifier in Tehran, since the Islamic revolution 40 years earlier.

BIRTHDAYS: Murray Walker, motor racing commentator, 97; Judith Chalmers, TV presenter, 85; Peter Coyote (Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon), actor, 79; Charles Dance, actor, 74; Chris Tarrant, TV presenter/broadcaster, 74; Midge Ure, musician/singer-songwriter, 67; David Lee Roth, singer (Van Halen) 65; Tanya Tucker, country artist, 65; Martin Kemp, actor/bassist (Spandau Ballet) 59; Jim Glennie, bassist (James), 57; Tony Adams, footballer, 54; Sir Matthew Pinsent, Olympic rower, 50; Una Healy, singer (The Saturdays) 39; Jack Savoretti, singer-songwriter, 37; Gabrielle Aplin, singer-songwriter, 28.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]