1549: The Duke of Somerset is fired as Lord Protector and imprisoned.
1631: The Saxon army occupies Prague.
1659: Death of explorer Abel Tasman.
1780: A hurricane kills up to 30,000 people in the Caribbean.
1787: Amsterdam surrenders to the invading Prussian army.
1813: Birth of composer Guiseppe Verdi.
1839: British troops occupy Beirut.
1846: Neptune’s moon Triton is discovered by William Lassell.
1874: Fiji becomes a British possession.
1892: The entire Hong Kong national cricket team dies in shipwreck off Taiwan.
1899: Inventor Issac R. Johnson patents the modern bicycle frame.
1903: The Women’s Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women’s right to vote.
1913: The Gamboa Dam in Panama is blown up resulting in Atlantic and Pacific waters mixing.
1928: Chiang Kai-shek becomes Director of the State Council of China.
1935: George Gershwin’s “Porgy & Bess” opens on Broadway.
1954: Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after the withdrawal of French troops.
1957: A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria becomes the world’s first major nuclear accident.
1963: From Russia With Love, the second James Bond film, premiers in London.
1966: The Beach Boys single Good Vibrations is released.
1967: Brendan Behan’s Borstal Boy premiers in Dublin.
1969: The release of King Crimson’s debut album In The Court of the Crimson King.
1970: Fiji gains independence from Britain.
1973: US vice president Spiro Agnew resigns after pleading no contest to allegations of tax fraud.
1974: Labour wins the general election and Harold Wilson becomes prime minister again.
1980: Funeral of Led Zeppelin drummer John Bonham.
1985: Death of actor and director Orson Welles. On the same day, actor Yul Brynner succumbs to cancer.
1986: Shimon Peres resigns as prime minister of Israel.
2002: Former cricketer Imran Khan is elected to the Pakistani parliament.
2009: After 200 years Armenia and Turkey sign protocols in Zurich to open their borders. On the same day, Boyzone singer Steven Gately dies aged 33.
BIRTHDAYS: Nicholas Parson, TV and radio personality, 96; Judith Chalmers, TV presenter, 83; Peter Coyote, (Rachmil Pinchus Ben Mosha Cohon) actor, 78; Charles Dance, actor, 73; Chris Tarrant, TV and radio presenter, 73; Midge Ure, musician, 66; David Lee Roth, singer (Van Halen) 65; Martin Kemp, actor/musician 58; Tony Adams, former footballer, 53; Matthew Pinsent, Olympic rower, 49; Una Healy, singer (The Saturday) 38.