1216: King John loses his crown jewels in The Wash as the flood tide swamps his wagons.
1459: Richard of York is defeated at the Battle of Ludford Bridge.
1492: Christopher Columbus’s expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador, believing he has reached East Asia.
1518: The Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther.
1576: Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor.
1773: America’s first asylum opens for ‘Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds’ in Virginia.
1789: Louis XVI writes secretly to the King of Spain about complaining of harsh treatment; the Count of Artois writes to the Austrian king requesting military intervention in France.
1845: Death of prison reformer Elizabeth Fry aged 65.
1860: British and French troops capture Beijing.
1871: US President Ulysses S Grant condemns the Ku Klux Klan.
1872: Birth of English composer Ralph Vaughan Williams.
1879: British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan.
1900: The first modern submarine is commissioned by the US Navy as the USS Holland.
1901: President Theodore Roosevelt renames the “Executive Mansion” The White House.
1914: The First Battle of Ypres begins.
1915: Former US President Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citizens who identify themselves with dual nationalities. On the same day, English nurse Edith Cavell is executed in Belgium by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners.
1931: The statue Christ the Redeemer opens standing 30 meters high (98 ft) on top of Mount Corcovado overlooking Rio de Janeiro.
1933: Gangster John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio. On the same day, Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment.
1941: Soviet government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazi forces close in on Moscow.
1942: The US navy defeats the Japanese in the Battle of Cape Esperance.
1944: The German army retreats from Athens.
1957: During an Australian tour, Little Richard publicly renounced rock ‘n’ roll and embraced God, telling a story of dreaming of his own damnation after praying to God when one of the engines on a plane he was on caught fire. The singer threw four diamond rings, valued at $8,000, into Sydney’s Hunter River and soon after launched a Gospel career.
1960: Japanese politician Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated with a sword during a televised debate live on TV by 17-year old nationalist Otoya Yamaguchi.
1965: The Beatles begin recording the album Rubber Soul at EMI Studios in Abbey Road with takes of the John Lennon songs Run For Your Life and Norwegian Wood.
1968: The Olympic Games open in Mexico City. On the same day, Equatorial Guinea declares independence from Spain.
1971: Gene Vincent (Vincent Eugene Craddock), dies from a perforated ulcer, aged 36.
1972: 46 sailors are injured in a race riot on American aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk.
1978: Punk rocker Sid Vicious is arrested on suspicion of murder after his girlfriend Nancy Spungen’s body is found in their New York hotel room.
1984: A 100lb bomb explodes at the Grand Hotel in Brighton where Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and members of the cabinet are staying during the Tory Party conference. Five people are killed and among the injured is cabinet minister Norman Tebbitt.
1985: Ricky Wilson of the B-52’s, brother of singer Cindy, died of complications from AIDS.
1986: Superpower talks in Reykjavik collapse after Presidents Reagan and Gorbachev fail to agree on Star Wars. On the same day, The Queen and Prince Philip visit China.
1988: Pope Jean Paul II is heckled by Ian Paisley at a European Parliament meeting in Strasbourg.
1997: Singer-songwriter John Denver was killed when the handmade, experimental airplane he was flying ran out of gas and crashed off the coast of Monterey Bay, California.
2000: Seven US sailors are killed in a suicide bomb attack on the USS Cole in the Yemeni port of Aden.
2002: Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali’s nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists.
2008: Singles chart:
- So What – Pink
- Sex On Fire – Kings Of Leon
- Girls – Sugarbabes
- Disturbia – Rihanna
- Never Miss A Beat – Kaiser Chiefs
- Miss Independent – Ne-Yo
- I Kissed A Girl – Katy Perry
- When I Grow Up – Pussycat Dolls
- Cookie Jar – Gym Class Heroes
- In This City – Iglu & Hartly
- Dig Out Your Soul – Oasis
- Only By The Night – Kings Of Leon
- Let It Go – Will Young
- Good Girl Gone Bad – Rihanna
- Songs For You Truths For Me – James Morrison
- Year Of The Gentleman – Ne-Yo
- The Best Bette – Bette Midler
- One Voice – Andrew Johnstone
- Tell Tale Signs: Bootleg Series Vol 8 – Bob Dylan
- Rockferry – Duffy
2012: The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali. On the same day, the EU controversially wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
2018: Princess Eugenie marries Jack Brooksbank at St. George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle.
BIRTHDAYS: Angela Rippon, TV personality, 76; Robin Askwith, actor, 70; Jane Siberry, singer-songwriter, 65; Dave Vanian (Lett), singer (The Damned) 64; Brian Kennedy, singer-songwriter, 54; Hugh Jackman, actor, 52; Martie Maguire, multi-instrumentalist (Dixie Chicks) 51; Ledley King, footballer, 40; Josh Hutcherson, actor, 28.