54AD: Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor
1399: Henry of Bolingbroke is crowned King Henry IV of England at Westminster Abbey.
1537: Birth of Lady Jane Grey.
1702: Dutch and English troops occupy Liège.
1760: The Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin.
1812: British forces defeat US forces attempting to invade Canada at the Battle of Queenstown Heights.
1864: The Battle of Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, during the American Civil War
1870: Ten-year old Gustav Mahler gives his first public piano concert.
1884: Greenwich is established as the universal time meridian of longitude.
1905: Death of actor Sir Henry Irving (John Brodribb) the first actor to be knighted, aged 67.
1923: Ankara becomes the capital of Turkey.
1924: Mecca falls without struggle to Saudi forces led by Abdulaziz Ibn Saud.
1925: Birth of Margaret Thatcher in Grantham and birth of comedian Lenny Bruce (Leonard Schneider) in New York.
1931: Noel Coward’s “Cavalcade” premieres in London.
1943: Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany.
1960: Opponents of Fidel Castro are executed in Cuba.
1962: Edward Albee’s play “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” opens on Broadway.
1963: The Beatles make their first appearance on the live TV show Sunday Night At The London Palladium after which the press coins the term “Beatlemania”.
1964: Australian swimmer Dawn Fraser wins the Olympic 100m freestyle gold medal at the Tokyo Games.
1965: The Who record My Generation at Pye studios, London.
1966: 173 US aircraft bomb North Vietnam.
1968: Bea Benaderet, actress and voice of Betty Rubble in The Flintstones, dies of lung cancer aged 62.
1971: British Army engineers start blowing up minor border roads in Northern Ireland to crack down on IRA gun-running.
1972: A plane flying from Uruguay to Chile crashes in the Andes. Passengers eat crash victims to survive until 16 of the 45 are rescued two months later.
1973: Jordan enters the Yom Kippur War.
1974: American TV host Ed Sullivan dies of esophageal cancer aged 73.
- Sad Sweet Dreamer – Sweet Sensation
- Everything I Own – Ken Boothe
- Far Far Away – Slade
- Gee Baby – Peter Shelley
- Annie’s Song – John Denver
- Long Tall Glasses – Leo Sayer
- Farewell – Rod Stewart
- Rock Me Gently – Andy Kim
- I Get A Kick Out Of You – Gary Shearston
- Reggae Tune – Andy Fairweather Low
- Smiler – Rod Stewart
- Rollin’ – The Bay City Rollers
- Tubular Bells – Mike Oldfield
- Back Home Again – John Denver
- Band On The Run – Wings
- Hergest Ridge – Mike Oldfield
- The Singles 1969-1973 – The Carpenters
- Another Time Another Place – Bryan Ferry
- A Tapestry Of Dreams – Charles Aznavour
- Sheet Music – 10cc
1976: 91 people die when a Boeing 707 cargo plane crashes into a busy city street in the west of Bolivia.
1981: Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt.
1988: The Government fails to stop publication of the controversial book Spycatcher, written by former secret service agent Peter Wright. On the same day, the Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ’s burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages.
1992: The government announces plans to close one third of Britain’s deep coal mines, putting 31,000 miners out of work.
1994: The three main loyalist paramilitary groups announce a ceasefire in Northern Ireland following the IRA announcement seven weeks previously.
1996: Williams driver Damon Hill wins the season ending Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka to become the first son of a Formula 1 World Drivers Champion (Graham Hill 1962, 68) to win the title himself. On the same day, actress Beryl Reid dies aged 77.
2009: Crooner Al Martino (Jasper Cini) dies aged 82.
2010: The Copiapó mining accident in Chile comes to a happy end as all 33 miners arrive at the surface after surviving a record 69 days underground.
2013: 109 people are killed in a stampede on a bridge in Datia district, Madhya Pradesh, India.
2016: Bob Dylan was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize for Literature, becoming the first songwriter to win the prestigious award.
2018: Pope Francis defrocks two Chilean bishops for alleged sexual abuse of minors.
2019: Simone Biles of the US becomes the most decorated gymnast in history when she wins record 25th medal at the World Championships in Stuttgart, Germany.
BIRTHDAYS: Nana Mouskouri, singer, 86; Chris Farlowe (John Deighton), singer, 80; Pharoah (Farrell) Sanders, jazz saxophonist, 80; Paul Simon, singer-songwriter, 79; Robert Lamm, keyboards/songwriter (Chicago) 76; Edwina Currie, former politician, 74; Sammy Hagar, singer/guitarist, 73; Marie Osmond, singer, 61; Javier Sotomayor, Cuban Olympic athlete, 53; Kate Walsh, actress, 53; Paul Potts, tenor, 50; Sacha Baron Cohen, comedian/actor, 49; Wes Brown, footballer, 41; Scott Parker, Fulham FC, 40; Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, American politician, 31.