1066: The Battle of Hastings. William the Conqueror and his Norman army defeat the English forces of Harold II who is killed.
1322: Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence.
1492: Christopher Columbus arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (Thr Bahamas).
1586: Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I.
1633: Birth of James II of England (JamesVII of Scotland) at St James’s Palace.
1884: George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
1894: Birth of poet E.E. (Edward Estlin) Cummings in Massachusetts.
1899: Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill leaves for South Africa.
1913: The UK’s worst coal mining accident when an explosion at Senghenydd Colliery claims 439 lives.
1924: Arnold Schoeberg’s opera “Die Gluckliche Hand” premieres in Vienna.
1925: Anti-French uprising in Damascus.
1926: A.A. Milne’s book “Winnie The Pooh” is released.
1933: Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations.
1939: A German U-boat sinks the British battleship HMS Royal Oak, killing 833.
1940: Balham tube station is bombed by the Luftwaffe.
1943: 600 Jews escape during an uprising at the Nazi concentration camp in Sobibor, Poland.
1944: Allied troops land in Corfu. On the same day, British troops march into Athens.
1947: Chuck Yeager makes the first supersonic flight.
1948: Large scale fighting breaks out between Israel and Egypt.
1949: 14 US Communist Party leaders are convicted of sedition. On the same day, the Chinese Red army occupies Canton. Also, Ezzard Charles TKOs Pat Valentino in Round 8 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1952: The UN General Assembly first meets at its new headquarters in New York.
1954: Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia visits Britain.
1958: Brendan Behan’s “Hostage” premieres in London.
1962: US espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba.
1964: Martin Luther King Jr wins the Nobel Peace Prize. On the same day, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev is replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party. Also, Mary Rand of Great Britain leaps a world record 6.76m to win the women’s long jump gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics.
1965: Singles chart:
- Tears – Ken Dodd
- Almost There – Andy Williams
- If You Gotta Go, Go Now – Manfred Mann
- Eve Of Destruction – Barry McGuire
- Hang On Sloopy – The McCoys
- Make It Easy On Yourself – The Walker Brothers
- Look Through Any Window – The Hollies
- Il Silenzio – Nini Rosso
- Message Understood – Sandie Shaw
- (I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction – The Rolling Stones
1966: US airplanes bomb North Vietnam.
1968: Apollo 7 conducts the first live telecast from a manned US spacecraft. On the same day, the rebuilt Euston railway station is opened.
1969: The seven-sided 50p coin comes into circulation, replacing the 10-shilling note. On the same day, police in New Jersey issued a warrant for the arrest of Frank Sinatra in relation to possible connections with the Mafia. Also, race riots break out in Springfield, Massachusetts.
1972: Loyalist paramilitaries raid the headquarters of the 10 Ulster Defence Regiment in Belfast stealing rifles and ammunition.
1973: 77 people are killed in the Thai capital of Bangkok in street battles between government troops and demonstrators.
1983: Trade and Industry Secretary Cecil Parkinson resigns after fresh details about his affair with a former secretary are revealed.
1990: Composer, pianist and conductor, Leonard Bernstein dies of pneumonia.
1991: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1994: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres share the Nobel Peace Prize. On the same day, the NASA Space probe Magellan burns up in the Venus atmosphere.
1998: Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with six bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta.
2007: Album chart:
- Change – The Sugarbabes
- Complete Clapton – Eric Clapton
- Pictures – Katie Melua
- Magic – Bruce Springsteen
- Back To Black – Amy Winehouse
- Echoes, Silence, Patience and Grace – Foo Fighters
- Matinee – Jack Penate
- All The Lost Souls – James Blunt
- Running Free – Ali Campbell
- Hits – Phil Collins
2017: Producer Harvey Weinstein is expelled by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences after historical revelations of sexual harassment and rape. On the same day, the Spanish government says it will impose direct rule on Catalonia after the region voted for independence in a referendum.
2019: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge arrive in Pakistan to begin a 5-day tour. On the same day, the Booker Prize is awarded jointly to Margaret Atwood for The Testaments and Bernardine Evaristo for Girl, Woman, Other. Also, Spain’s Supreme Court jails nine Catalan separatist leaders for sedition for the 2017 independence referendum, prompting violent clashes in Barcelona.
BIRTHDAYS: La Monte Young, composer, 85; Ralph Lauren, fashion designer, 81; Cliff Richard (Harry Webb), singer, 80; Christopher Timothy, actor, 80; Udo Kier, actor, 76; Justin Hayward, singer-songwriter/guitarist, 74; Marcia Barrett, singer (Boney M), 72; Chris Amoo, singer, (The Real Thing) 68; Carole Malone, newspaper columnist , 66; Thomas Dolby, keyboards/singer/songwriter/software developer, 62; Steve Cram, athlete, 60; Matthew Le Tissier, football pundit, 52; Natalie Maines, singer-songwriter (Dixie Chicks) 46; Shaznay Lewis, singer-songwriter (All Saints) 45; Usher (Raymond), singer, 42; Ben Whishaw, actor, 40.