1066: William the Conqueror defeats the English army of Harold II at the Battle of Hastings. Harold is killed in battle.
1322: Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats Edward II at Byland, forcing the king to accept Scotland’s independence.
1492: Christopher Columbus arrives in Santa Maria of Concepcion (The Bahamas).
1586: Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I.
1773: East India Company tea ships’ cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland in the American Revoutionary War.
1884: George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film.
1892: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publishes “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes” collection of 12 stories originally published serially in The Strand Magazine.
1899: Morning Post journalist Winston Churchill departs for South Africa.
1926: Winnie The Pooh by A A Milne is published.
1933: Nazi Germany announces its withdrawal from the League of Nations.
1944: German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel commits suicide.
1947: Test pilot Chuck Jeager makes the first supersonic flight.
1959: Death of actor Errol Flynn
1964: Martin Luther King Jr wins the Nobel Peace Prize. On the same day, Nikita Krushchev is replaced as General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by Leonid Brezhnev and Mary Rand of Great Britain leaps a world record 6.76m to win the women’s long jump gold medal at the Tokyo Olympics.
1969: Police in New Jersey issued a warrant for the arrest of Frank Sinatra in relation to his connections with the Mafia.
1977: Bing Crosby dies of a heart attack immediately after completing a round of golf.
1968: The Beatles complete the recording of their White Album.
1990: Death of composer Leonard Bernstein.
1991: Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
BIRTHDAYS: Ralf Lauren, designer, 80; Cliff Richard (Harry Webb), singer, 79; Justin Hayward, musician (The Moody Blues) 73; Dan McCafferty, singer (Nazareth) 73; Carole Malone, journalist, 65; Thomas Dolby, musician, 61; Steve Cram, former athlete, 59; Matt Le Tissier, former footballer/pundit, 51; Natalie Maines, musician (Dixie Chicks) 45; Shaznay Lewis, singer (All Saints) 44; Usher (Terry Raymond), singer, 41; Ben Whishaw, actor, 39.