It happened today – this day in history – October 15

70BC: Birth of Roman poet Virgil.

1501: Heir to the throne and older brother of Henry VIII, Prince Arthur, marries Catherine of Aragon.

1520: Henry VIII orders bowling lanes at Whitehall.

1522: Conquistador Hernan Cortes is named governor of Mexico by Emperor Karel I.

1705: The English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona.

1815: Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on the island of St Helena to begin his exile.

1842: Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung.

1844: Birth of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.

1866: Fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses.

1880: Cologne Cathedral is completed, 633 years after construction began.

1881: Birth of writer P. G. (Pelham Grenville) Wodehouse in Guildford.

1886: Modest Mussorgsky’s musical fantasy “Night on Bald Mountain” premieres in St. Petersburg’s Kononov Hall, Russia.

1887: Preston North End achieve the highest score in a senior football match in England with a 26-0 victory against Hyde United in the FA Cup first round.

1897: Leopold II becomes king of Belgium.

1905: Claude Debussy’s symphonic sketch “La Mer” premieres in Paris.

1917: Exotic dancer Mata Hari (Margaretha Zelle) is executed by firing squad at Vincennes near Paris for spying for Germany.

1924: Andre Breton publishes his “Surrealist Manifesto” with Éditions du Sagittaire in Paris.

1937: Ernest Hemingway’s novel “To Have & Have Not” is published.

1939: La Guardia Airport opens in New York.

1940: Waterloo Station is bombed by the Luftwaffe. On the same day, the Charlie Chaplin satirical film “The Great Dictator” is released.

1941: Hideki Tojo is appointed Prime Minister of Imperial Japan.

1946: Nazi Reichmarshal Hermann Goering poisons himself in prison on the eve of his execution aged 53.

1951: The first synthesis of an oral contraceptive (norethindrone) is made at Mexican drug company Syntex.

1955: Buddy Holly opens for Elvis Presley at the ‘Big D Jamboree’ at Lubbock’s Cotton Club, Texas. Nashville talent scout Eddie Crandall was in audience and arranged for Holly to audition and record demos for the Decca US label.

1956: Little Richard records Good Golly, Miss Molly at J&M Studio, New Orleans.

1958: Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt.


1963: Ludwig Erhard becomes Chancellor of West Germany.

1964: Al Oerter wins his third of four consecutive Olympic men’s discus titles at the Tokyo Olympics. On the same day, songwriter Cole Porter dies aged 73.

1966: The Black Panther Party is created by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.

On TV (Saturday)


10.45Say it in Russian

11.10The Conservative Party Conference

12.15En Route

12.35First Steps in Physics

13.20News from ITN

13.25World of Sport

16.00The Rifleman

16.30Topo Gigio Comes to Town


17.00Results – Round-Up

17.15Professional Wrestling

18.15Emergency-Ward 10

19.10Three Violent People

20.40All Square

21.10The Baron
Masquerade starring Steve Forrest


22.15Armchair Theatre

23.20On The Braden Beat

23.50The Conservative Party Conference


10.30Living In Towns

11.00The Managers


Featuring Moto-cross, Snooker, Horse Racing, Rugby League and results.

17.15Juke Box Jury
This week’s panel: Julie Rogers, David Hughes, Scott Hamilton and Truly Smith comment on the week’s new single releases. Hosted by David Jacobs.

17.40News and Weather

17.50Doctor Who
William Hartnell as The Doctor takes on the Cybermen.

18.15Dixon Of Dock Green
Starring Jack Warner

19.00FILM: Fort Algiers (1953)
A French nightclub singer (Yvonne De Carlo) spies on an Arab chieftain (Raymond Burr) for her Foreign Legion lover

20.15The Hippodrome Circus Great Yarmouth

21.05The Troubleshooters
Starring Robert Hardy, Geoffrey Keen and Ray Barrett

21.55News and Weather

22.05Match Of The Day
Kenneth Wolstenholme reports from Old Trafford on Manchester United v Chelsea

22.55The Late Show
Satire with John Bird, Eleanor Bron, Andrew Duncan, John Fortune, Anthony Holland, Barry Humphries And John Wells.

23.35The Conservative Party Conference



10.00The Conservative Party Conference
Final day from the Winter Gardens, Blackpool

19.15News And Sport

19.25The Danny Kaye Show
With special guests, Dinah Shore, Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass

20.15This Man Craig

21.05Hancock at the Royal Festival Hall
On one of the most challenging nights of his career Tony Hancock gives a remarkable one-man performance.

21.55Ransom For A Pretty Girl
Final part of thriller with James Cosmo and Maxine Audley

22.20Tonight-In Person
A series of weekly programmes presenting folk music. This week, from America:
Julie Felix is accompanied by future folk legends John Renbourn (guitar) Danny Thompson (bass) Martin Webber (drums)

22.50News Summary

22.55Late Night Line-Up

23.50FILM: Five Graves to Cairo (1943)
directed by Billy Wilder starring Franchot Tone, Anne Baxter and Erich Von Stroheim as Field-Marshal Erwin Rommel

1968: Al Oerter of the US wins the men’s discus in an Olympic record 64.78m at the Mexico Games – his fourth consecutive Olympic title. On the same day, Britain’s David Hemery sets a world record 48.12s to win the 400m hurdles gold medal.

1969: Americans take part in peace initiatives across the United States to protest against the continuing war in Vietnam.

1970: A Russian passenger flight is hijacked to Turkey. On the same day, Anwar Sadat is elected president of Egypt.

1972: 17 year-old American tennis prodigy Chris Evert wins the inaugural WTA Tour Championship at Boca Raton, Florida.

Singles chart:

  1. Mouldy Old Dough – Lieutenant Pigeon
  2. Donna – 10cc
  3. You’re A Lady – Peter Skellern
  4. How Can I Be Sure? – David Cassidy
  5. I Didn’t Know I Loved You (Till I Saw You Rock n Roll) – Gary Glitter
  6. In A Broken Dream – Python Lee Jackon
  7. Burning Love – Elvi Presley
  8. Wig Wam Bam – The Sweet
  9. Elected – Alice Cooper
  10. Children Of The Revolution – T Rex
1972: Slade – Slade Alive

Album chart:

  1. 20 All Time Greats Of The 50s – Variou Artists
  2. Catch Bull At Four – Cat Stevens
  3. 20 Star Tracks – Various Artists
  4. Greatest Hits – Simon and Garfunkel
  5. Never A Dull Moment – Rod Stewart
  6. 20 Fantastic Hits – Various Artists
  7. Dingly Dell – Lindisfarne
  8. Slade Alive – Slade
  9. Volume 4 – Black Sabbath
  10. Close To The Edge – Yes

1973: Keith Richards of the Rolling Stones is found guilty of trafficking cannabis by a court in Nice. He is given a one-year suspended sentence and a 5,000 franc fine. He is also banned from entering France for two years.

1976: Two men from the Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR) are jailed for 35 years in connection with the murders of members of the Miami Showband.

1983: A US Marine sharpshooters kill 5 snipers at Beirut International Airport. On the same day, Nelson Piquet finishes third in the season ending South African Grand Prix at Kyalami to clinch his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1987: Coup in Burkina Faso – President Sankara dies.

1989: South African president F W de Klerk frees ANC Founder Walter Sisulu and four other political prisoners.

1990: Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

1992: New York subway motorman Robert Ray is convicted of the manslaughter of five passengers, when he fell asleep drunk while in control of a train.

1994: President Jean-Baptiste Aristide returns to Haiti.

1999: The Metropolitan Police announces a huge out-of-court settlement to Winston Silcott, wrongly accused over the murder of policeman Keith Blakelock during riots in Tottenham in 1985.

2001: NASA’s Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles of Jupiter’s moon Io.

2003: Mike Smith, former lead singer of The Dave Clark Five suffers a fall at his home in Spain that leaves him paralysed from the waist down. On the same day, China launches Shenzhou 5, its first manned space mission.

2011: Coronation Street actress Elizabeth “Betty” Driver dies aged 91.

2016: Actress Dianna Agron marries Mumford & Sons banjo player Winston Marshall in Morocco.

2020: The Thai government issues emergency decree banning public gatherings amid increasing pro-democracy protests and criticism of the king. Pn the same day, musician Gordon Haskell dies from cancer aged 74.

BIRTHDAYS: Barry McGuire, singer-songwriter, 87; Richard Carpenter, pianist/songwriter, (The Carpenters) 76; Chris de Burgh, singer-songwriter, 75; Roscoe Tanner, tennis player, 71; Peter Richardson, actor/director, 71; Tito Jackson, musician (The Jacksons) 69; Michael Caton-Jones, director, 65; Sarah, Duchess of York, 63; Stephen Tompkinson, actor, 57; Didier Deschamps, French footballer/manager, 54; Dominic West, actor, 53; Andrew Cole, footballer, 51; David Trezeguet, French footballer, 45; Paul Robinson, goalkeeper, 43; Shayne Ward, singer/actor, 38; Jessie Ware, singer-songwriter, 38; Mesut Özil, footballer, 34; Anthony Joshua, boxer, 33; (Mizero) Ncuti Gatwa, actor, 31.