It happened today – this day in history – October 16

1384: Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman.

1555: Hugh Latimer, bishop and royal chaplain, is burned at the stake aged 80.

1710: British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia.

1757: Austrian troops occupy Berlin.

1758: Birth of lexicographer Noah Webster in Connecticut.

1793: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, is beheaded aged 37.

1813: Napoleon’s forces are defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia at the Battle of Leipzig.

1834: Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster burn down.

1846: Dentist William T Morton demonstrates the effectiveness of ether.

1847: Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre is published.

1854: Birth of Oscar Wilde (Fingal O’Flahertie Wills) in Dublin.

1905: The Partition of Bengal.

1913: George Bernard Shaw’s play “Pygmalion” premieres at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna.

1915: Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria.

1916: Margaret Sanger opens the first birth control clinic in the US in Brooklyn, New York.

1934: Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from the south of China to the north and west.

1936: Aviatrix Jean Batten reaches Auckland, New Zealand after flying solo from Kent in a record 11 days and 45 minutes.

1942: A cyclone in the Bay of Bengal kills 40,000 south of Calcutta.

1946: 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after the Nuremberg war trials, including Wilhelm Keitel, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Alfred Jodl.

1950: “The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe” by C S Lewis is published.

1951: 18 year old Richard Penniman, who was already using the stage name Little Richard, makes his first recordings for RCA Camden at the studios of Atlanta radio station WGST. On the same day, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.

1953: Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro is sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in Havana.

1957: The US Air Force sends two aluminium bullets into space.

1962: Beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis as President John F Kennedy is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.

1963:Two secret US military satellites are launched from Cape Canaveral.

1964: Harold Wilson becomes prime minister as Labour wins the general election.

1965: The Beatles record Day Tripper at EMI Studios, Abbey Road, in just three takes, adding vocals and overdubs before the end of the session.


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1967: Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested, along with 123 others, for blocking the entrance to an Armed Forces Induction Centre in Oakland, California in protest at the war in Vietnam.

1968: Founder of the Chess record label, Leonard Chess, dies of a heart attack aged 52. On the same day, China reports the removal of president Li Sjao-tji and at the Olympics in Mexico, Americans Tommie Smith (gold) and John Carlos (bronze) give the Black Power salute on the 200m medal podium.

Singles chart:

  1. Those Were The Days – Mary Hopkin
  2. Jesamine – The Casuals
  3. Hey Jude – The Beatles
  4. Little Arrows – Leapy Lee
  5. Lady Willpower – Gary Pucket and the Union Gap
  6. My Little Lady – The Tremeloes
  7. Les Bicyclettes de Belsize – Engelbert Humperdinck
  8. Red Balloon – The Dave Clark Five
  9. A Day Without Love – Love Affair
  10. Light My Fire – Jose Feliciano

1973: US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and Le Duc Tho are controversially awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for negotiating a ceasefire in Vietnam that later failed. On the same day, Iran, Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Qatar unilaterally raise the posted price of Saudi Light marker crude-oil by 17 per cent. Also, jazz drummer Gene Krupa dies aged 64.

On TV tonight (Tuesday)

THAMES


09.30For Schools

12.00The Daily Fable

12.05Mister Trimble

12.25 – 12.45Amazingly Enough It’s Rod Hull and Emu

12.40First Report

13.00Where Are They Now?

13.30Emmerdale Farm

14.00Harriet’s Back in Town

14.30Good Afternoon!

15.00About Britain

15.25The Saint

16.25The Sooty Show

16.50Magpie

17.20The Doris Day Show

17.50News

18.00The Shadocks

18.40Crossroads

19.05The Best of Bless This House
Sit com starring Sid James.


19.35Mystery Movie: Cool Million

21.00The Road to Wigan Pier
Dramatisation of the George Orwell novel starring Michael Jayston.


22.00News at Ten

22.30Armchair Theatre

23.30Night Gallery


BBC ONE

09.38For Schools, Colleges

12.30Mae Gen i Air!

12.55News

13.00Pebble Mill at One

13.45Along the River

14.02For Schools, Colleges

14.55A Funny Thing

15.00Petticoat Junction

15.30Day and Night

16.00Play School

16.25The Astronuts

16.35Jackanory

16.50Animal Magic

17.15John Craven’s Newsround

17.20Screen Test

17.40Crystal Tipps

17.45National News

18.00Nationwide

18.50British Film Night: Hotel Sahara (1951)
Starring Peter Ustinov and Yvonne de Carlo


20.15Spy Trap

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.25The Valley of the Po

22.15Film 73
Introduced by Barry Norman


22.45Midweek: [number removed]
Current affair with Ludovic Kennedy


23.30Late Night News

23.35The Affirmative Way

23.55Weather


BBC TWO

00.20Closedown

11.00Play School

11.25Closedown

18.35Early Years at School

19.00Before the Ark

19.30News Summary

19.35Wheelbase

20.15Floodlit Rugby League
St Helens v Whitehaven


21.00Poet Game
Starring Anthony Hopkins and Billie Whitelaw


22.40The Old Grey Whistle Test
Bob Harris presents John Martyn on the studio


23.10News Extra

1974: Rioting prisoners set fire to the Long Kesh Maze prison near Belfast.

1978: Cardinals at the Vatican choose the first non-Italian Pope for more than 400 years. He is Karol Wojtyla, Archbishop of Krakow in Poland who takes the title Pope John Paul II.

1979: Comedy sketch show “Not the Nine o’Clock News” debuts on BBC2, starring Rowan Atkinson, Mel Smith, Chris Langham and Pamela Stephenson.

1984: Archbishop Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

1986: The US government shuts down due to disputes between President Ronald Reagan and the House of Representatives.

1987: Southern Britain begins a massive clear-up operation after the worst night of storms in living memory resulting in 18 deaths. On the same day, Mike Tyson TKOs Tyrell Biggs in Round 7 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1990: Death of jazz drummer Art Blakey, aged 71.

1993: General Omar al-Bashir is appointed president of Sudan. On the same day, 10 people are killed in an IRA bomb attack on a fish & chips restaurant in Belfast.

1994: Actor Raul Julia suffers a stroke.

1996: Eighty-four people are killed and more than 180 injured as 47,000 football fans attempt to squeeze into the 36,000-seat Estadio Mateo Flores in Guatemala City.

1998: Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a Spanish warrant requesting his extradition on murder charges.

2001: Two security guards are sacked after refusing to allow Bob Dylan into his own concert because he didn’t have a pass.

2004: 17-year old Lionel Messi makes his league debut for Barcelona against Espanyol.

2005: Renault driver Fernando Alonso wins the season-ending Chinese Grand Prix at Shanghai International Circuit to become the first Spanish Formula 1 Drivers Champion.

2007: Death of actress Deborah Kerr aged 86.

2011: Adele – 21

2011: Album chart:

  1. The Ultimate Collection – Steps
  2. + – Ed Sheeran
  3. 21 – Adele
  4. Evanescence – Evanescence
  5. The Awakening – James Morrison
  6. Daydream – Katherine Jenkins
  7. Future History – Jason Derulo
  8. The Lady Killer – Cee Lo Green
  9. Ashes & Fire – Ryan Adams
  10. Soulicious – Cliff Richard

2013: The US ends a 16-day government shut down and avoids default in a bi-partisan deal in the Senate.

2017: Comedian/author Sean Hughes dies aged 51.

2018: The Duke and Duchess of Sussex begin their first royal tour visiting Australia and New Zealand.

BIRTHDAYS: Angela Lansbury, actress, 96; Peter Bowles, actor, 85; Bob Weir, guitarist (The Grateful Dead) 74; Brinsley Forde, musician/actor. 68; Tim Robbins, actor, 63; Gary Kemp, guitarist/songwriter (Spandau Ballet/Nick Mason’s Saucerful Of Secrets) 62; Bob Mould, musician, 61; Flea (Michael Balzary), bassist (Red Hot Chilli Peppers) 59; Steve Lamacq, DJ, 57; Davina McCall, TV presenter, 54; John Mayer, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 44; Caterina Scorsone, actress, 40; Naomi Osaka, tennis star, 24.