1384: Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, despite being a woman.
1555: Bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley are burned at the stake as Oxford martyrs.
1757: Austrian troops occupy Berlin.
1793: Marie Antoinette is beheaded at age 37 following the French Revolution.
1813: Napoleon’s forces are defeated by Prussia at the Battle of Leipzig.
1834: Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster is burnt down.
1847: Charlotte Bronte’s novel Jane Eyre is published.
1854: Birth of Oscar Wilde (Fingal O’Flahertie Wills).
1913: Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw premiers in Vienna.
1915: Britain declares war on Bulgaria.
1934: Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile ‘Long March’.
1936: Pilot Jean Batten reaches Auckland after flying from Kent in a record 11 days and 45 minutes.
1942: Aaron Copeland’s ballet ‘Rodeo’ premiers in New York.
1946: 10 Nazi leaders are hanged as war criminals after the Nuremberg war trials.
1950: The first edition of The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe by C S Lewis is published.
1951: The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
1953: Fidel Castro is sentenced to 15 years in prison in Havana.
1962: The Cuban missile crisis begins as President Kennedy is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
1964: Harold Wildon’s Labour Party wins the general election.
1965: The Beatles recorded Day Tripper at Abbey Road Studios.
1968: Americans Tommie Smith (gold 19.83 WR) and John Carlos (bronze) famously give the Black Power salute on the 200m medal podium during the Mexico City Olympics.
1978: Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope John Paul II.
1982: Culture Club appeared on Top Of The Pops for the first time performing ‘Do You Really Want To Hurt Me’. They were only booked on the show because Shakin’ Stevens was ill. The song shot to Number 1.
1984: Desmond Tutu wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1987: Mike Tyson wins the World Heavyweight boxing title with a win over Tyrell Biggs.
1998: Former Chilean leader, General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a Spanish warrant requesting his extradition on murder charges.
2001: Two security guards were sacked after refusing to allow Bob Dylan into his own concert because he didn’t have his pass.
2004: Lionel Messi makes his league debut for Barcelona against Espanyol at age 17.
2014: Death of John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, aged 88.
BIRTHDAYS: Angela Lansbury, actress, 96; Peter Bowles, actor, 83; Bob Weir, musician, (The Grateful Dead) 72; Tim Robbins, actor, 61; Gary Kemp, musician (Spandau Ballet/Nick Mason’s Saucerful of Secrets) 60; Flea (Michael Balzary), musician (Red Hot Chili Peppers) 57; Davina McCall, TV presenter, 52; John Mayer, musician, 42; Caterina Scorsone, actress, 38; Casey Stoney, motorcycle racer, 34; Naomi Osaka, tennis player. 22.