1187: Sultan Saladin captures Jerusalem from Crusaders.
1452: Richard III is born in Fotheringhay Castle, Northants.
1492: Henry VII invades France.
1535: Jacques Cartier discovers Mount Royal (Montreal).
1614: Louis XIII of France is declared an adult at 13.
1760: Russian and Austrian army evacuates Berlin.
1804: Britain mobilizes to protect against a French invasion.
1835: The Battle of Gonzales is fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces in the first engagement of the Texas revolution.
1836: After five years at sea, Charles Darwin returns to England aboard HMS Beagle.
1869: Birth of Mahatma (Mohandas Karamchand) Gandhi in British India.
1870: Italy annexes Rome and the Papal States; Rome is made Italian capital.
1890: Birth of Groucho (Julius) Marx in New York City.
1895: Birth of comedian Bud Abbott in Asbury Park, New Jersey.
1902: Beatrix Potter’s “The Tale of Peter Rabbit” is published.
1904: Birth of author (Henry) Graham Greene in Berkhampsted, Herts.
1906: World heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns knocks out ‘Fireman’ Jim Flynn in 15 rounds to retain his title. In LA.
1909: The first Rugby Union match is played at Twickenham; Harlequins beat Richmond, 14-10.
1910: The first mid air collision of two aircraft occurs above Milan, Italy. On the same day, Henry Wijnmalen flies to a world record altitude of 2,800m.
1919: US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke, leaving him partially paralysed.
1923: The British army leaves Constantinople.
1935: Mussolini’s Italian army attacks Abyssinia.
1958: Guinea gains independence from France. On the same day, birth control pioneer Marie Stopes dies aged 77.
1968: Ten days before the start of the Olympics, the Mexican Army fires into protestors marching against the military occupation of the National Polytechnic Institute in Mexico City. Years later it emerges that the CIA played a key role in the massacre, which was covered up. On the same day, a Birmingham woman gives birth to six babies in the first recorded case of live sextuplets in Britain. Three survive. Also, French painter and sculptor Marcel Duchamp dies aged 81.
1972: Denmark votes for membership of the common market.
1973: Death of legendary Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi aged 76.
1974: Experiments on monkeys in America reveal how smoking cannabis can cause brain damage.
1977: Ferrari driver Niki Lauda finishes fourth in the US Grand Prix East at Watkins Glen to clinch his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1980: Muhammad Ali comes out of retirement to challenge heavyweight boxing champion Larry Holmes. A sluggish Ali, most likely showing the early signs of Parkinson’s Disease, is pounded unmercifully for 10 rounds before his corner throws in the towel. Holmes is in tears at the condition of his idol.
1983: Neil Kinnock becomes the new leader of the Labour party, with Roy Hattersley as deputy.
- Karma Chameleon – Culture Club
- Modern Love – David Bowie
- Red Red Wine – UB40
- Dear Prudence – Siouxsie and the Banshees
- This Is Not A Love Song – Public Image Limited
- Come Back And Stay – Paul Young
- Tonight I Celebrate My Love – Peabo Bryson and Roberta Flack
- Tahiti – David Essex
- They Don’t Know – Tracey Ullman
- Blue Monday – New Order
- No Parlez – Paul Young
- Labour Of Love – UB40
- The Crossing – Big Country
- Let’s Dance – David Bowie
- Fantastic – Wham!
- The Hit Squad: Chart Tracking – Various Artists
- Lick It Up – Kiss
- Thriller – Michael Jackson
- Unforgettable: Tribute to Nat King Cole – Johnny Mathis and Natalie Cole
- The Luxury Gap – Heaven 17
1985: Actor Rock Hudson (Roy Scherer) dies from AIDS-related illness aged 59.
1986: Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
1988: Lennox Lewis, representing Canada, wins the super-heavyweight gold medal at the Seoul Olympics, beating Riddick Bowe by a second round TKO. On the same day, car designer Alex Issigonis, creator of the Mini, dies aged 81
1989: Three rebel Anglican clergymen disrupt a church service in Rome attended by the Archbishop of Canterbury in protest at plans for closer ties with the Catholic church.
1993: Pro-Communist demonstrators clash with security forces loyal to President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow.
1998: Singing cowboy Gene Autry died aged 91.
2002: Singer Adam Ant avoided a prison sentence after a judge ruled that an incident in which he threatened drinkers with a replica pistol in a London pub was the result of mental illness.
2006: Singer-songwriter Katie Melua entered the Guinness Book of Records for playing the deepest underwater concert 303 metres below sea level on the Norwegian Statoil’s Troll A platform in the North Sea.
2007: Singer Britney Spears was ordered to hand over her two young children to her former husband Kevin Federline by a judge in Los Angeles. The court ruled that Federline would be given custody of Sean Preston, two, and one-year-old Jayden James, until further notice.
2012: Session guitarist Big Jim Sullivan (Tomkins) died at the age of 71.
2016: Kim Kardashian is robbed at gunpoint of $10 million worth of jewellery in her hotel in Paris.
2018: Journalist Jamal Khashoggi is assassinated in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.
2017: Death of singer-songwriter Tom Petty aged 66.
2019: Barrie Masters lead singer with Essex pub rockers Eddie & The Hot Rods died age 63. On the same day, Kim Shattuck lead singer, guitarist and songwriter of the band The Muffs and former Pixies bassist died after a two-year-long battle with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis age 56.
BIRTHDAYS: Anna Ford, journalist, 77; Don McLean, singer-songwriter, 75; Donna Karan, fashion designer, 72; Sir Trevor Brooking, footballer, 72; Annie Leibovitz, photographer, 71; Mike Rutherford, guitar/bass (Genesis) 70; Sting, (Gordon Sumner), singer, songwriter, 69; John Otway, singer, songwriter, 68; Lorraine Bracco, actress, 66; Phil Oakey, singer (The Human League), 65; Wade Dooley, Rugby Union star, 63; Gillian Welch, singer-songwriter, 53; Victoria Derbyshire, broadcaster, 52; Badly Drawn Boy, (Damon Gough), singer-songwriter, 51; Kelly Ripa, TV host, 50; Jim Root, guitarist (Slipknot) 49; Tiffany (Darwish), singer, 49; Simon Gregson (Gregory), actor, 46; Brittany Howard, singer/guitarist (Alabama Shakes) 32.