1187: Saladin captures Jerusalem from crusaders.
1452: Richard III is born in Fotheringay Castle.
1492: Henry VII invades France.
1789: George Washington sends the American Bill of Rights to the states for ratification.
1836: Charles Darwin returns to Britain after five years at sea.
1869: Birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
1871: Mormon leader Brigham Young is arrested for bigamy.
1901: The first Royal Navy submarine is launched at Barrow-in-Furness.
1919: US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke which leaves him partially paralysed.
1935: The Italian army attacks Abyssinia.
1941: The Germans launch an attack on Moscow.
1958: Death of birth control pioneer Marie Stopes.
1968: Mexico City police open fire on protesting students, killing 300-500.
1972: Denmark votes to join the common market.1980: 38-year old Muhammad Ali comes out of retirement to challenge undefeated world champion Larry Holmes for the heavyweight title. A sluggish Ali is beaten so badly his corner throws in the towel after 10 rounds.
1984: Three cosmonauts return to earth after a record breaking 237 days in orbit.
1985: Death of film star Rock Hudson aged 59 from AIDS-related complications
1986: Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.
1995: Oasis release their second album What’s The Story Morning Glory.
2002: Robbie Williams signed the most lucrative British record deal in history when he signed with EMI records for £80m.
2007: Britney Spears was ordered to hand over her two young children to her former husband Kevin Federline by a judge in Los Angeles.
2017: Death of musician Tom Petty
2018: Journalist Jamal Khashoggi is assassinated inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey,
BIRTHDAYS: Don McLean, singer/songwriter, 74; Sir Trevor Brooking, former footballer, 71; Annie Liebovitz, photographer, 70; Mike Rutherford, musician (Genesis/Mike & The Mechanics), 69; Sting (Gordon Sumner), musician 68; Jon Otway, musician, 67; Philip Oakey, singer (Human League), 64; Gillian Welch, singer/songwriter, 52; Victoria Derbyshire, broadcaster, 51; Damon Gough (Badly Drawn Boy), musician, 50; Kelly Ripa, US television host, 49; James Root, musician (Slipknot) 48; Simon Gregson, actor, 45; Brittany Howard, musician (Alabama Shakes), 31; Roberto Firmino, footballer (Liverpool and Brazil) 28.