42BC: One of Julius Caesar’s assassins, Brutus commits suicide.
1091: A tornado hits London, destroying the wooden London Bridge.
1642: Charles I defeats Parliamentary forces at the Battle of Edgehill.
1739: Prime Minister Robert Walpole reluctantly declares war on Spain in what becomes known as the War of Jenkins’ Ear.
1812: A failed coup against emperor Napoleon.
1814: The first plastic surgery is performed in England.
1911: The first aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War.
1915: W G Grace, England’s greatest cricketer dies aged 67. On the same day, an estimated 25,000 supporters take part in a women’s suffrage march on New York’s Fifth Ave.
1922: Andrew Bonar Law becomes Prime Minister as the Conservatives replace Lloyd George’s Liberals.
1933: Public Enemy No 1 John Dillinger and his gang rob the Central National Bank, in Greencastle, Indiana, taking $75,000.
1935: Mobsters Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard “Lulu” Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what becomes known as The Chophouse Massacre.
1942: Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt. On the same day, all 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a US Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger, who wrote Bob Hope’s theme song Thanks For The Memories.
1944: The Soviet army invades Hungary.
1950: Singer/actor Al Jolson dies aged 64.
1956: Hungarians rise up against Soviet rule.
1957: Death of designer Christian Dior aged 52.
1958: Boris Pasternak wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1959: Chinese troops move into India.
1962: 12-year old Stevie Wonder records his first single for Motown, Thank You For Loving Me All The Way.
1963: Bob Dylan records The Times They Are A-Changin at Columbia Recording Studios in New York City. On the same day, The Beatles finish their second album With The Beatles, recording I Wanna Be Your Man.
1964: Joe Frazier wins heavyweight boxing gold at the Tokyo Olympics.
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1966: The Jimi Hendrix Experience record their first single Hey Joe, at De Lane Lea studios in London. On the same day, Australian Jack Brabham wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1970: Charles Haughey and two others are found not guilty of illegal arms importation by a Dublin jury.
1971: British soldiers kill sisters Mary Ellen Meehan and Dorothy Maguire in a car speeding towards a Belfast checkpoint. On the same day, three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, Co Down.
1972: Access credit cards are introduced in Britain. On the same day, loyalist paramilitaries carry out raid on an Ulster Defence Regiment.
1973: US President Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica.
1977: Despite not driving in the season ending Japanese Grand Prix, Austrian Niki Lauda wins his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1978: Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker’s Detention Centre in New York City following the fatal stabbing of his girlfriend Nancy Spungen. On the same day, China and Japan formally end four decades of dissension.
1980: Mark David Chapman quits his security job and signs out for the last time. Instead of the usual “Chappy” he writes “John Lennon”.
1983: At least 146 American marines and 27 French servicemen are killed in two separate suicide bomb attacks on military headquarters in the Lebanese capital Beirut.
1989: Hungary proclaims itself a republic &and declares communist rule ended.
1992: Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
1993: Seven people are killed by an IRA bomb blast in Belfast.
1998: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.
2001: The IRA announces it is decommissioning its weapons.
2002: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture Theatre in Moscow and take approximately 700 people hostage. On the same day, Kanye West is involved in a car crash after he falls asleep at the wheel while driving home from a recording studio in West Hollywood. No other cars were involved in the incident which left West with his jaw fractured in three places.
2003: Soon Mei-Ling (Madame Chiang Kai-shek), Chinese political figure and former First Lady of the Republic of China, dies aged 106.
2005: Singles chart:
- I Bet You Look Good On The Dancefloor – Arctic Monkeys
- Push The Button – Sugarbabes
- I Wanna Hold You – McFly
- Tripping – Robbie Williams
- Don’t Cha – Pussycat Dolls ft Busta Rhynes
- Gold Digger – Kanye West ft Jamie Foxx
- Baby Goodbye – Friday Hill
- Bad Day – Daniel Powter
- We Be Burning – Sean Paul
- Song 4 Lovers – Liberty X
- Their Law: The Singles 1990 – 2005 – The Prodigy
- Taller In More Ways – Sugarbabes
- Simplified – Simply Red
- Piece By Piece – Katie Melua
- Back To Bedlam – James Blunt
- Playing The Angel – Depeche Mode
- Greatest Hits – Mariah Carey
- Life In Slow Motion – David Gray
- You Could Have It So Much Better – Franz Ferdinand
- Eye To The Telescope – KT Tunstall
2007: Rapper Foxy Brown is given 11 weeks in solitary confinement after fighting with another inmate in prison. She was also said to have been abusive to guards and refused to take a random drug test. Brown was serving a year in jail for violating her probation after a fight she had in a New York nail salon.
2008: Death of former British Middleweight Boxing Champion Kevin Finnegan, aged 59.
2010: Singer-songwriter Katy Perry marries comedian Russell Brand in India.
2014: Singer Alvin Stardust dies after a short illness aged 72.
2016: Singer-songwriter and television personality Pete Burns dies following a sudden cardiac arrest.
2018: The world’s longest sea-crossing bridge, the Hong Kong Macau Zhuhai bridge at 55km, is opened by Chinese President Xi Jinping. On the same day, the world’s oldest intact shipwreck, an ancient Greek vessel 2,400 years old, is found at bottom of the Black Sea.
2019: A lorry containing the bodies of 39 Vietnamese nationals is found in Grays, Essex.
BIRTHDAYS: Pelé (Edson Arantes do Nascimento), Brazilian football legend, 81; John Leckie, record producer, 72; Pauline Black, singer, (Selecter) 68; Ang Lee, director, 67; Dwight Yoakam, country singer/actor, 65 Weird Al Yankovic, satirist, 62; Sam Raimi, director, 62; Robert Trujillo, bassist, (Metallica) 57; Richard McNamara, guitarist (Embrace) 49; Cat Deeley, TV personality, 45; Ryan Reynolds, actor, 45; Steve Harmison, cricketer, 43; Jimmy Bullard, footballer, 43; Emilia Clark, actress, 35; Andriy Yarmolenko, footballer, 32; Fabinho (Fábio Henrique Tavares), footballer, 28; Georgia Toffolo, Reality TV personality, 27; Ireland Baldwin, actress/model, 26.