42BC: Second Battle of Philippi. Brutus commits suicide after his army is defeated by Marc Antony and Octavian.
1091: A tornado hits London, destroying the wooden London Bridge.
1642: Charles I defeats Parliamentary forces at the Battle of Edgehill.
1739: Prime Minister Robert Walpole declares war on Spain.
1814: The first plastic surgery is performed in England.
1915: W G Grace, England’s greatest cricketer dies aged 67.
1922: Andrew Bonar Law becomes Prime Minister as the Conservtives replace Lloyd George’s Liberals.:
1942: Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt.
1957: Death of designer Christian Dior aged 52.
1958: Boris Pasternak wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1963: Bob Dylan recorded ‘The Times They Are A-Changin’ at Columbia Recording Studios in New York.
1973: President Richard Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge John Sirica.
1978: Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker’s Detention Center in New York.
1980: Mark David Chapman quit his security job and signed out for the last time. Instead of the usual “Chappy” he wrote ‘John Lennon’.
1983: Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 243 US personnel in Beirut.
1992: Emperor Akihito becomes the first Japanese emperor to set foot on Chinese soil.
1998: Israelii prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.
2001: Apple releases the iPod.
2002: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theatre in Moscow, taking approximately 700 people hostage.
2014; Alvin Stardust died after a short illness.
2016: Dead Or Alive singer Pete Burns died following a sudden cardiac arrest.
BIRTHDAYS: Pele (Edson Arantes do Nascimento), former footballer, 79; Pauline Black (The Selecter), 66; Ang Lee, director, 65; Dwight Yoakam, country singer, 63; Sam Raimi, director, 60; Robert Trujillo, musician (Metallica) 55; Cat Deeley, TV presenter,43; Ryan Reynolds, actor, 43; Steve Harmison, former cricketer, 41; Jimmy Bullard, former footballer, 41; Emilia Clarke, actress, 33.