1537: Jane Seymore, third wife of Henry VIII dies of post childbirth complications.
1648: The Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Year’s War. Switzerland’s independence is recognised.
1818: Felix Mendelsohn, aged nine, performs his first public concert in Berlin.
1851: William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus.
1857: World’s first soccer club, Sheffield FC, founded.
1881: Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in the Statue of Liberty.
1901: Anna Taylor is the first woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1902: Santa Maria volcano in Guatemala erupts, killing 6,000 people and becoming one of the three largest eruptions of the 20th century.
1911: Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition to the south pole leaves Cape Evans. On the same day, aviator Orville Wright remains in the air for 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, setting a new world record that stood for 10 years.
1922: The Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State.
1926: Harry Houdini’s last performance, at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
1929: “Black Thursday”, start of stock market crash.
1939: Nylon stockings go on sale for first time in Wilmington, Delaware.
1945: The charter of the United Nations comes into effect. On the same day, Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), is executed for collaboration with the Nazis.
1954: Dwight D Eisenhower pledges the United States’ support to South Vietnam.
1964: Zambia gains independence from Britain.
1973: John Lennon sues the US government to admit the FBI is tapping his phone. On the same day, the Yom Kippur War ends with Israel 65 miles from Cairo and 26 from Damascus.
1976: James Hunt in a McLaren, wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1978: Keith Richards is convicted of heroin possession in Toronto.
1989: American televangelist Jim Bakker is sentenced to 45 years in prison for fraud, but the sentence is later reduced to eight years on appeal.
1991: Death of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry aged 70.
1998: Stone Roses singer Ian Brown was jailed for four months after being found guilty of disorderly behaviour during a flight from Paris to Manchester.
2002: Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington, D.C.
2003: Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
2004: Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher wins his fifth straight Formula 1 World Drivers Championship and a record seventh in total.
2005: Death of American civil rights activist Rosa Parks.
2008: “Bloody Friday” saw many of the world’s stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history. On the same day, Iceland receives a £1.3 billion bailout package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
2017: Death of Fats Domino aged 89.
BIRTHDAYS: Bill Wyman, musician, 83; F Murray Abraham, actor, 80; Ted Templeman, record producer, 75; Kevin Kline, actor, 72; Roman Abramovich, owner of Chelsea FC, 53; Dervla Kirwen, actress, 48; Wayne Rooney, footballer, 34; Drake (Aubrey Drake Graham) rapper, 33.