It happened today – this day in history – October 25

1400: Author and poet Geoffrey Chaucer dies aged 54.

1415: Henry V’s forces defeat the larger French army at the Battle of Agincourt.

1596: The Spanish feet sails from Lisbon to Ireland.

1616: Dutch East India Company ship “The Eendracht” discovers Dirk-Hartog Island, Australia.

1671: Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn.

1747: British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second Battle of Cape Finisterre.

1760: George III becomes king on the death of George II.

1828: The British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.

1838: Birth of composer Georges Bizet in Paris.

1854: During the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War, the charge of the Light Brigade results in 100 killed.

1875: The first performance of Piano Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky in Boston, Massachusetts.

1881: Birth of artist Pablo Picasso in Malaga.

1885: Premiere of Johannes Brahms’ 4th Symphony in E.

1900: Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony.

1919: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran, is born on Tehran.

1941: 16,000 Jews are massacred in Odessa, Ukraine. On the same day, Germany attacks Moscow.

1945: The Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek.

1955: Austria resumes its sovereignty for the first time since 1938 after the departure of the last Allied occupation forces.

1958: Cliff Richard makes his British radio debut on the BBC’s ‘Saturday Club’.

1961: England beat Portugal 2-0 at Wembley to qualify for the 1962 World Cup Finals in Chile.

1962: John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1964: Ferrari driver John Surtees finishes second in the season ending Mexican Grand Prix to clinch the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1970: Speaking at a US radio conference, President Nixon asks programmers to ban all songs containing drug references.


Singles chart:

  1. Woodstock – Matthews Southern Comfort
  2. Patches – Clarence Carter
  3. Band Of Gold – Freda Payne
  4. Me And My Life – The Tremeloes
  5. Black Knight – Deep Purple
  6. Paranoid – Black Sabbath
  7. Ball Of Confusion – The Temptations
  8. Montego Bay – Bobby Bloom
  9. Ain’t No Mountain High Enough – Diana Ross
  10. Still Water – The Four Tops
1970: Deep Purple – In Rock

Album chart:

  1. Motown Chartbusters Vol 4 – Various Artists
  2. Atom Heart Mother – Pink Floyd
  3. Paranoid – Black Sabbath
  4. Bridge Over Troubled Water – Simon and Garfunkel
  5. In Rock – Deep Purple
  6. Led Zeppelin II – Led Zeppelin
  7. Candles In The Rain – Melanie
  8. Original Greatest Hits – The Everly Brothers
  9. Cosmo’s Factory – Credence Clearwater Revival
  10. Get Yer Ya-Ya’s Out – The Rolling Stones

1973: Ethiopian marathon legend Abebe Bikila dies of a brain haemorrhage aged 41.

1976: The Queen opens the National Theatre on the South Bank after years of delays.

1983: US forces seize control of the Caribbean island of Grenada less than a week after a left- – wing coup in which the prime minister, Maurice Bishop, was killed.

1984: The EEC donates £1.8 million to help combat the famine in Ethiopia.

1985: Singer and Auf Wiedersehen Pet actor Gary Holton dies of a drug overdose.

1990: Evander Holyfield KOs James Buster Douglas in Round 3 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1992: Singer-songwriter Roger Miller dies of lung and throat cancer aged 56.

1993: Actor Vincent Price dies aged 82.

1995: Cliff Richard is knighted by The Queen – the first pop star to receive the honour.

1997: Johnny Cash announces from the stage at a gig in Michigan that he is suffering from Parkinson’s Disease.

1999: Golfer Payne Stewart dies in a place crash aged 42.

2001: Crime rates in Britain are the lowest for 20 years. On the same day, Windows XP goes on sale.

2002: Actor Richard Harris dies aged 72.

2003: Johnny Cash’s stepdaughter, Rosey Nix Adams and her fiddle player Jimmy Campbell were found dead on their tour bus in Clarksville, Tennessee from carbon monoxide poisoning.

2004: DJ John Peel dies in Cuzco, Peru, from a heart attack, aged 65.

2009: Ivanka Trump marries Jared Kushner at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey.

2014: Bassist Jack Bruce dies of liver failure aged 71.

2016: Brazil 1970 World Cup winning captain Carlos Alberto (Torres) dies aged 72.

BIRTHDAYS: Jon Anderson, singer-songwriter (Yes) 77; Glen Tipton, guitarist (Judas Priest), 73; Roger Davies, footballer, 71; Glynis Barber, actress, 66; Nancy Cartwright, voice artist (Bart Simpson), 64; Phil Daniels, actor, 63; Chad Smith, drummer (The Red Hot Chilli Peppers) 59; David Furnish, documentary maker, 59; Nick Hancock, TV presenter, 59; Ed Robertson, guitarist (Barenaked Ladies) 51; Craig Robinson, actor, 50; Zadie Smith, novelist, 46; Natasha Khan, singer-songwriter (Bat For Lashes) 42; Kristian Bruun, actor, 42; Shaun Wright-Phillips, footballer, 40; Katy Perry (Kate Hudson), singer-songwriter, 37; Darron Gibson, footballer, 34; Rylan Clark, TV personality, 33.