It happened today – this day in history – October 25

1400: Author and poet Geoffrey Chaucer dies aged 54.

1415: Henry V’s forces defeat the larger French army at the Battle of Agincourt.

1596: The Spanish feet sails from Lisbon to Ireland.

1616: Dutch East India Company ship “The Eendracht” discovers Dirk-Hartog Island, Australia.

1671: Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn.

1747: British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second Battle of Cape Finisterre.

1760: George III becomes king on the death of George II.

1838: Birth of composer Georges Bizet in Paris.

1854: During the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War, the charge of the Light Brigade results in 100 killed.

1875: The first performance of Piano Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky in Boston, Massachusetts.

1881: Birth of artist Pablo Picasso in Malaga.

1885: Premiere of Johannes Brahms’ 4th Symphony in E.

1900: Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony.

1919: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran, is born on Tehran.

1941: 16,000 Jews are massacred in Odessa, Ukraine. On the same day, Germany attacks Moscow.

1945: The Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek.

1955: Austria resumes its sovereignty for the first time since 1938 after the departure of the last Allied occupation forces.

1958: Cliff Richard makes his British radio debut on the BBC’s ‘Saturday Club’.

1961: England beat Portugal 2-0 at Wembley to qualify for the 1962 World Cup Finals in Chile.

1962: John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1964: Ferrari driver John Surtees finishes second in the season ending Mexican Grand Prix to clinch the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1970: Speaking at a US radio conference, President Nixon asks programmers to ban all songs containing drug references.

1973: Ethiopian marathon legend Abebe Bikila dies of a brain haemorrhage aged 41.


1976: The Queen opens the National Theatre on the South Bank after years of delays.

1983: US forces seize control of the Caribbean island of Grenada less than a week after a left- – wing coup in which prime minister, Maurice Bishop, was killed.

1984: The EEC donates £1.8 million to help combat the famine in Ethiopia.

1985: Singer and Auf Wiedersehen Pet actor Gary Holton dies of a drug overdose.

1990: Evander Holyfield KOs James Buster Douglas in Round 3 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1992: Singer-songwriter Roger Miller dies of lung and throat cancer aged 56.

Singles chart:

  1. End Of The Road – Boyz II Men
  2. Sleeping Satellite – Tasmin Archer
  3. Erotica – Madonna
  4. I’m Gonna Get You – Bizarre Inc ft Angie Brown
  5. Keep The Faith – Bon Jovi
  6. People Everyday – Arrested Development
  7. A Million Love Songs – Take That
  8. Tetris – Dr Spin
  9. (Take A Little) Piece Of My Heart – Erma Franklin
  10. Run To You – Rage
1992: Madonna — Erotica

Album chart:

  1. Glittering Prize 81/92 – Simple Minds
  2. Erotica – Madonna
  3. Timeless: The Classics – Michael Bolton
  4. Gold: Greatest Hit – ABBA
  5. Automatic For The People – R.E.M
  6. Symbol – Prince and the New Power Generation
  7. Once In A Lifetime: Sand In The Vaseline – Talking Heads
  8. Great Expectations – Tasmin Archer
  9. Tubular Bells II – Mike Oldfield
  10. The Best Of Belinda Vol 1 – Belinda Carlisle

1993: Actor Vincent Price dies aged 82.

1995: Cliff Richard is knighted by The Queen – the first pop star to receive the honour.

1997: Johnny Cash announces from the stage at a gig in Michigan that he is suffering from Parkinson’s Disease.

1999: Golfer Payne Stewart dies in a place crash aged 42.

2001: Crime rates in Britain are the lowest for 20 years. On the same day, Windows XP goes on sale.

2002: Actor Richard Harris dies aged 72.

2003: Johnny Cash’s stepdaughter, Rosey Nix Adams and her fiddle player Jimmy Campbell are found dead on their tour bus in Clarksville, Tennessee from carbon monoxide poisoning.

2004: DJ John Peel dies in Cuzco, Peru, from a heart attack, aged 65.

2009: Ivanka Trump marries Jared Kushner at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey.

2014: Bassist Jack Bruce dies of liver failure aged 71.

2016: Brazil 1970 World Cup winning captain Carlos Alberto (Torres) dies aged 72.

2018: Sahle-Work Zewde becomes Ethiopia’s first female President and Africa’s only female head of state.

2020: Lewis Hamilton wins the Portuguese Grand Prix for Mercedes at Autódromo Internacional Do Algarve for his 92nd career victory to move clear of Michael Schumacher in all-time F1 victories.

2021: Elon Musk makes a record $25 billion in one day pushing his estimated worth to $255.2 billion. On the same day, Sudan’s military takes control of the country, dissolving the power-sharing government.

BIRTHDAYS: Jon Anderson, singer-songwriter (Yes) 78; Glen Tipton, guitarist (Judas Priest), 74; Roger Davies, footballer, 72; Glynis Barber, actress, 67; Nancy Cartwright, voice artist (Bart Simpson), 65; Phil Daniels, actor, 64; Chad Smith, drummer (The Red Hot Chilli Peppers) 60; David Furnish, documentary maker, 60; Nick Hancock, TV presenter, 60; Ed Robertson, guitarist (Barenaked Ladies) 52; Craig Robinson, actor, 51; Zadie Smith, novelist, 47; Natasha Khan, singer-songwriter (Bat For Lashes) 43; Kristian Bruun, actor, 43; Shaun Wright-Phillips, footballer, 41; Katy Perry (Kate Hudson), singer-songwriter, 38; Darron Gibson, footballer, 35; Rylan Clark, TV personality, 34.