It happened today – this day in history – October 25

1400: Author and poet Geoffrey Chaucer dies aged 54.

1415: Henry V’s forces defeat the larger French army at the Battle of Agincourt.

1596: The Spanish feet sails from Lisbon to Ireland.

1616: Dutch East India Company ship “The Eendracht” discovers Dirk-Hartog Island, Australia.

1671: Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn.

1747: British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second Battle of Cape Finisterre.

1760: George III becomes king on the death of George II.

1838: Birth of composer Georges Bizet in Paris.

1854: During the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War, the charge of the Light Brigade results in 100 killed.

1875: The first performance of Piano Concerto No. 1 by Tchaikovsky in Boston, Massachusetts.

1881: Birth of artist Pablo Picasso in Malaga.

1885: Premiere of Johannes Brahms’ 4th Symphony in E.

1900: Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony.

1919: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran, is born in Tehran.

1941: 16,000 Jews are massacred in Odessa, Ukraine. On the same day, Germany attacks Moscow.

1945: The Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek.

1955: Austria resumes its sovereignty for the first time since 1938 after the departure of the last Allied occupation forces.

1958: Cliff Richard makes his British radio debut on the BBC’s ‘Saturday Club’.

South Pacific OST

1959: Album chart:

  1. South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
  2. Gigi – Original Soundtrack
  3. The Best Of Sellers – Peter Sellers
  4. My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
  5. Family Favourites – Russ Conway
  6. Especially For You – Duane Eddy
  7. The Student Prince/The Great Caruso – Mario Lanza
  8. A Date With Elvis – Elvis Presley
  9. Come Dance With Me – Frank Sinatra
  10. Look To Your Heart – Frank Sinatra

1961: England beat Portugal 2-0 at Wembley to qualify for the 1962 World Cup Finals in Chile.

1962: John Steinbeck is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1964: Ferrari driver John Surtees finishes second in the season ending Mexican Grand Prix to clinch the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1967: Singles chart:

  1. Massachusettes – The Bee Gees
  2. The Last Waltz – Engelbert Humperdinck
  3. Hole In My Shoe – Traffic
  4. Baby Now That I’ve Found You – The Foundations
  5. Flowers In The Rain – The Move
  6. The Letter – The Box Tops
  7. Zabadak! – Dave Dee, Dozy, Baky, Mick and Tich
  8. From The Underworld – The Herd
  9. Homburg – Procol Harum
  10. There Must Be A Way – Frankie Vaughan

1970: Speaking at a US radio conference, President Nixon asks programmers to ban all songs containing drug references.


1973: Ethiopian marathon legend Abebe Bikila dies of a brain haemorrhage aged 41.

1976: The Queen opens the National Theatre on the South Bank after years of delays.

1983: US forces seize control of the Caribbean island of Grenada less than a week after a left-wing coup in which prime minister, Maurice Bishop, was killed.

1984: The EEC donates £1.8 million to help combat the famine in Ethiopia.

1985: Singer and Auf Wiedersehen Pet actor Gary Holton dies of a drug overdose.

1990: Evander Holyfield KOs James Buster Douglas in Round 3 for the heavyweight boxing title.

1992: Singer-songwriter Roger Miller dies of lung and throat cancer aged 56.

1993: Actor Vincent Price dies aged 82.

1995: Cliff Richard is knighted by The Queen – the first pop star to receive the honour.

1997: Johnny Cash announces from the stage at a gig in Michigan that he is suffering from Parkinson’s Disease.

1999: Golfer Payne Stewart dies in a place crash aged 42.

2001: Crime rates in Britain are the lowest for 20 years. On the same day, Windows XP goes on sale.

2002: Actor Richard Harris dies aged 72.

2003: Johnny Cash’s stepdaughter, Rosey Nix Adams and her fiddle player Jimmy Campbell are found dead on their tour bus in Clarksville, Tennessee from carbon monoxide poisoning.

2004: DJ John Peel dies in Cuzco, Peru, from a heart attack, aged 65.

2009: Ivanka Trump marries Jared Kushner at Trump National Golf Club in Bedminster, New Jersey.

2014: Bassist Jack Bruce dies of liver failure aged 71.

2016: Brazil 1970 World Cup winning captain Carlos Alberto (Torres) dies aged 72.

2018: Sahle-Work Zewde becomes Ethiopia’s first female President and Africa’s only female head of state.

2020: Lewis Hamilton wins the Portuguese Grand Prix for Mercedes at Autódromo Internacional Do Algarve for his 92nd career victory to move clear of Michael Schumacher in all-time F1 victories.

2021: Elon Musk makes a record $25 billion in one day pushing his estimated worth to $255.2 billion. On the same day, Sudan’s military takes control of the country, dissolving the power-sharing government.

2022: Adidas cuts ties with rapper Kanye West over anti-Semitic remarks he made in interviews and on his social media.

Katy Perry

BIRTHDAYS: Jon Anderson, singer-songwriter (Yes) 79; Glen Tipton, guitarist (Judas Priest), 75; Roger Davies, footballer, 73; Glynis Barber, actress, 68; Nancy Cartwright, voice artist (Bart Simpson), 66; Phil Daniels, actor, 65; Chad Smith, drummer (The Red Hot Chilli Peppers) 61; David Furnish, documentary maker, 61; Nick Hancock, TV presenter, 61; Ed Robertson, guitarist (Barenaked Ladies) 53; Craig Robinson, actor, 52; Zadie Smith, novelist, 48; Natasha Khan, singer-songwriter (Bat For Lashes) 44; Kristian Bruun, actor, 44; Shaun Wright-Phillips, footballer, 42; Katy Perry (Kate Hudson), singer-songwriter, 39; Darron Gibson, footballer, 36; Rylan Clark, TV personality, 35.