900: Death of Alfred The Great.
1529: Sir Thomas More is appointed Lord Chancellor of England.
1863: The Football Association forms in England.
1881: The gunfight at the OK Corall where the Earp brothers and Doc Holiday staged a shoot-out in which Cowboys Tom and Frank McLaury and Billy Clanton were killed. The whole thing lasted barely 30 seconds.
1901: The first recorded use of a “getaway car” occurs after a holdup at a shop in Paris.
1916: Nurse Margaret Sanger is arrested for obscenity after advocating birth control.
1918: Cecil Chubb gives Stonehenge to the nation. On the same day, Germany’s supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice.
1922: The Italian government resigns under pressure from the fascists of Benito Mussolini.
1950: Mother Teresa founds the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India.
1951: Rocky Marciano defeats Joe Louis by a TKO in the 8th round at Madison Square Garden. On the same day, Winston Churchill is re-elected Prime Minister at the age of 76.
1962: The Beatles record Please Please Me and Ask Me Why at EMI Studios in Abbey Road, St John’s Wood. On the same day the Rolling Stones record their first demo tape at Curly Clayton Studios in Highbury and President John F Kennedy warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba.
1965: The Beatles receive their MBEs at Buckingham Palace.
1968: George Foreman wins the Olympic heavyweight gold medal at Mexico.
1976: Trinidad & Tobago becomes a republic.
1978:Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat, the leaders of Israel and Egypt are awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1979: Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu.
1986: Alain Prost in a McLaren retains his Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1995: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
1997: Jacques Villeneuve becomes the first Canadian to win the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
2002: The Moscow Theatre Siege ends with the deaths of about 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages.
2015: The World Health Organization classifies processed meat as carcinogenic.
2017: Jacinda Ardern is sworn in as Prime Minister of New Zealand, becoming the world’s youngest female head of government.
BIRTHDAYS: Jaclyn Smith, actress, 74; Hilary Clinton, politician, 72; Bootsy (William) Collins, musician, 68; Rita Wilson, actress,63; Dylan McDermott, actor, 58; Natalie Merchant, singer, 56; Keith Urban, singer, 52; Seth MacFarlane, animator (Family Guy), 46; John Heder, actor, 42.