939: Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
1644: Charles I defeats parliamentary armies at the Second Battle of Newbury.
1651: English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland.
1688: James II dismisses premier Robert Spencer.
1702: British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida.
1728: Birth of explorer/navigator James Cook.
1782: Birth of Italian composer and violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini.
1810: The US annexes West Florida from Spain.
1838: Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be killed.
1867: Guiseppe Garibaldi marches on Rome for the second time.
1913: President Woodrow Wilson says the US will never attack another country.
1914: Birth of poet Dylan Thomas in Swansea.
1920: The League of Nations moves its headquarters in Geneva.
1922: In Italy, Liberal Luigi Facta resigns in the face of threats from Mussolini that ‘either the Government will be given to us or we will seize it by marching on Rome’.
1923: Birth of pop artist Roy Lichtenstein in New York.
1925: Water skis are patented by Fred Waller.
1932: Birth of poet Sylvia Plath in Boston, Massachusetts.
1942: The US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz.
1950: MI5 is brought into the hunt for missing atomic scientist Bruno Pontecorvo. He is discovered in Russia five years later.
1955: The film Rebel Without A Cause is released less than a month after its star James Dean’s death.
1960: Singles chart:
- Only The Lonely – Roy Orbison
- As Long As He Needs Me – Shirley Bassey
- Tell Laura I Love Her – Ricky Valance
- How About That – Adam Faith
- Lucille – The Everly Brothers
- Let’s Think About Living – Bob Luman
- Nine Times Out Of Ten – Cliff Richard
- A Mess Of Blues – Elvis Presley
- Chain Gang – Sam Cooke
- Please Hep Me I’m Falling – Hank Locklin
1962: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
1963: Album chart:
- Please Please Me – The Beatles
- Meet The Searchers – The Searchers
- Born Free – Frank Ifield
- Greatest Hits – The Shadows
- How Do You Like It – Gerry and the Pacemakers
- Golden Hits – Kenny Ball
- Sinatra’s Sinatra – Frank Sinatra
- On Stage – Chuck Berry
- Steptoe And Son – Wilfred Brambell and Harry H Corbett
- West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
1964: 31-year old Salvatore Philip Bono married 18-year old Cherilyn Sarkisian La Piere. They would soon become known as Sonny and Cher.
1968: An estimated 6,000 marchers demonstrating against the Vietnam War face up to police outside the US Embassy in London.
1969: Blues artist Muddy Waters is seriously injured in a car crash in which three people die in Illinois.
1971: Congo-Kinshasa becomes the Republic of Zaire. On the same day, Gerard Newe becomes the first Catholic to serve in any Northern Ireland government since 1920.
1977: Former leader of the Liberal Party, Jeremy Thorpe, tells journalists he was not involved in a plot to kill former male model Norman Scott. On the same day, bassist Roy Estrada, a founding member of Little Feat and who also worked with Frank Zappa was convicted of sexual assault on a child. Estrada served six years in prison. In January 2012, he pleaded guilty to a charge of continuous sexual abuse of a child from March 2008. In a plea bargain, he was sentenced to 25 years in prison without parole.
1978: Four people are killed and four others seriously wounded after a gunman goes on a shooting spree in Wednesbury. West Midlands, then later in Nuneaton, Warks.
1979: Elton John collapses on stage at Hollywood’s Universal Amphitheatre suffering from exhaustion. On the same day, St Vincent & Grenadines becomes independent from Britain.
1980: Mark Chapman buys a five-shot .38 special for $169. On the same day, former Tyrannosaurus Rex percussionist Steve Peregrine Took chokes to death on a cherry stone after some magic mushrooms he had eaten, numbed all sensation in his throat.
1982: Three RUC officers investigating reports of a robbery in Lurgan die after a bomb explodes beneath their armoured police car. On the same day, China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus.
1986: The government deregulates financial markets in a “Big Bang”, enhancing London’s status as a financial capital while increasing income inequality.
1988: “Carry On..” actor Charles Hawtrey dies aged 72.
1990: Bandleader Xavier Cugat dies aged 90.
1992: Bo Diddley takes his ex-manager to court claiming he had taken $75,000 through unauthorised personal expenses.
1998: Helmut Kohl resigns as Chancellor of Germany after 16 years, following a landslide defeat in elections.
1999: Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
2000: Skiffle pioneer Lonnie Donegan receives the MBE at Buckingham Palace for services to pop music.
2005: Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
2013: Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel wins the Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit to clinch his fourth straight Formula 1 World Drivers Championship. On the same day, singer-songwriter Lou Reed dies at the age of 71.
2016: A letter John Lennon wrote to the Queen explaining why he was returning his MBE was found tucked in a record sleeve from a £10 car boot haul. It was later valued at £60,000. Lennon had returned the MBE in protest at Britain’s involvement in the Biafra civil war and his single Cold Turkey going down the charts.
2017: The Catalan parliament meets and unilaterally declares independence from Spain.
2018: Leicester City’s billionaire Thai owner, Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha dies in a helicopter crash in the car park outside the club’s King Power Stadium following the game against West Ham United.
2019: California Governor Gavin Newson declares a state of emergency with multiple fires across the state.
BIRTHDAYS: John Cleese, comedy writer/performer, 82; Ivan Reitman, director, 75; Garry Tallent, bassist (The E Street Band) 72; K K Downing, guitarist (Judas Priest) 70; Roberto Benigni, comedian/actor/screenwriter/director, 69; Peter Firth, actor, 68; Glenn Hoddle, football pundit, 64; Simon Le Bon, singer, (Duran Duran) 63; Manu Katché, drummer, 63; Kit Malthouse, MP, 55; Lee Clark, footballer, 49; Vanessa-Mae (Vanakom Nicholson), violinist, 43; Kelly Osbourne, TV personality 37; Kurt Zouma, football, 27.