It happened today – this day in history – October 28

AD306: Maxentius is proclaimed Emperor of Rome.

312: Constantine The Great defeats Emperor Maxentius, who drowns, at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge.

1420: Beijing is declared the capital of the Ming dynasty.

1492: Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain, calling it Juana.

1538: The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola.

1636: Harvard University founded.

1704: Death of philosopher John Locke.

1726: Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift is published.

1740: Death of Empress of Russia, Anna Ivanova Romanova, aged 47.

1746: 18,000 people die when the Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao are demolished by an earthquake.

1811: First known purchase of Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility is by the Prince Regent (later George IV).

1886: The Statue of Liberty is dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland.

1893: Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, “Pathetique”.

1900: The Paris Olympics ends after five months without a closing ceremony.

1914: Birth of Jonas Salk, creator of the polio vaccine.

1918: Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up.

1919: The Volstead act is passed by the US Congress, beginning prohibition despite President Woodrow Wilson’s veto.

1922: Italian fascists march on Rome leading to the assumption of power by Benito Mussolini.

1927: Tito (Josip Broz) begins a seven month jail sentence in Croatia.

1948: The flag of Israel is adopted.

1951: Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1954: Ernest Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1958: Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli is elected Pope John XXIII.

1965: Death of jazz alto saxophonist Earl Bostic aged 52.

1971: John Lennon and Yoko Ono record “Happy Xmas (War is Over)” in New York.

1997: REM drummer Bill Berry announced that he was leaving the group after 17 years to become a farmer.

1998: Death of poet Ted Hughes aged 68.

2007: Country musician Porter Wagoner died in Nashville aged 80.

2012: A Syrian ceasefire collapses and 128 people are killed in ongoing civil war violence.

2017: The Spanish government imposes direct rule on Catalonia, dismisses its government and calls for new elections.

2018: Lewis Hamilton in a Mercedes wins his fifth Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

BIRTHDAYS: Cleo Laine, jazz singer, 92; Bernie Ecclestone, motorsport impressario, 89: David Dimbleby, broadcaster, 81; Hank Marvin (Brian Rankin), guitarist,78; Caitlin Jenner (Bruce Jenner), Olynpic athlete, 70; Annie Potts, actress, 67; Bill Gates, Microsoft founder, 64; Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Former President of Iran, 63; Stephen Morris, drummer (New Order), 62; Lauren Holly, actress, 56; Jami Gertz, actress, 54; Julia Roberts, actress, 52; Ben Harper, musician, 50; Joachin Phoenix (Joachin Raphael Bottom), actor, 45; Gwendoline Christie, actress, 41; Matt Smith, actor, 37; Frank Ocean (Christopher Cooksey), singer/songwriter, 32.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]