It happened today – this day in history – October 28

AD306: Maxentius is proclaimed Emperor of Rome.

312: Constantine The Great defeats Emperor Maxentius, who drowns, at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge.

1420: Beijing is declared the capital of the Ming dynasty.

1492: Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain, calling it Juana.

1538: The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola.

1636: Harvard University founded.

1704: Death of philosopher John Locke.

1726: Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift is published.

1740: Death of Empress of Russia, Anna Ivanova Romanova, aged 47.

1746: 18,000 people die when the Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao are demolished by an earthquake.

1811: First known purchase of Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility is by the Prince Regent (later George IV).

1886: The Statue of Liberty is dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland.

1893: Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, “Pathetique”.

1900: The Paris Olympics ends after five months without a closing ceremony.

1914: Birth of Jonas Salk, creator of the polio vaccine.

1918: Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up.

1919: The Volstead act is passed by the US Congress, beginning prohibition despite President Woodrow Wilson’s veto.

1922: Italian fascists march on Rome leading to the assumption of power by Benito Mussolini.

1927: Tito (Josip Broz) begins a seven month jail sentence in Croatia.

1948: The flag of Israel is adopted.

1951: Juan Manuel Fangio of Argentina wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1954: Ernest Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1958: Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli is elected Pope John XXIII.

1965: Death of jazz alto saxophonist Earl Bostic aged 52.

1971: John Lennon and Yoko Ono record “Happy Xmas (War is Over)” in New York.

1997: REM drummer Bill Berry announced that he was leaving the group after 17 years to become a farmer.

1998: Death of poet Ted Hughes aged 68.

2007: Country musician Porter Wagoner died in Nashville aged 80.

2012: A Syrian ceasefire collapses and 128 people are killed in ongoing civil war violence.

2017: The Spanish government imposes direct rule on Catalonia, dismisses its government and calls for new elections.

2018: Lewis Hamilton in a Mercedes wins his fifth Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

BIRTHDAYS: Cleo Laine, jazz singer, 92; Bernie Ecclestone, motorsport impressario, 89: David Dimbleby, broadcaster, 81; Hank Marvin (Brian Rankin), guitarist,78; Caitlin Jenner (Bruce Jenner), Olynpic athlete, 70; Annie Potts, actress, 67; Bill Gates, Microsoft founder, 64; Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Former President of Iran, 63; Stephen Morris, drummer (New Order), 62; Lauren Holly, actress, 56; Jami Gertz, actress, 54; Julia Roberts, actress, 52; Ben Harper, musician, 50; Joachin Phoenix (Joachin Raphael Bottom), actor, 45; Gwendoline Christie, actress, 41; Matt Smith, actor, 37; Frank Ocean (Christopher Cooksey), singer/songwriter, 32.

Subscribe to get your latest local news articles by email each day...

Or click here to subscribe to our weekly digital edition. Your details will be stored to support your experience in line with our privacy policy.

Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]