539BC: King Cyrus “the Great” of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home.
1390: The first trial for witchcraft in Paris.
1618: Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1787: Mozart’s “Don Giovanni” (libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte) premieres at the National Theatre of Bohemia in Prague.
1859: Spain declares war on Morocco.
1863: The Red Cross forms.
1914: Turkish warships storm the Black Sea.
1918: German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven.
1923: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk officially declares Turkey a republic.
1929: Wall Street crashes triggering the “Great Depression”.
1942: Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union.
1950: Chancellor of the Exchequer (Minister of Finance) Stafford Cripps resigns.
1954: Colonel Abdel Nasser disbands Muslim Brotherhood.
1956: The Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain.
1957: A hand grenade explodes in Israel’s Knesset.
1958: Novelist Boris Pasternak refuses the Nobel prize for literature.
1960: In his first professional fight, Cassius Clay beats Tunney Hunsaker on points in 6 rounds in Louisville, Kentucky.
1964: The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar is renamed The United Republic of Tanzania.
1967: Criminal Jack “The Hat” McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
1971: Iconic guitarist Duane Allman was killed when he lost control of his motorcycle on a Macon, Georgia street while trying to avoid a tractor-trailer.
1975: General Franco’s 36-year dictatorship of Spain is effectively ended with the announcement that heir designate Prince Carlos will take over as provisional head of state. On the same day, ‘Yorkshire Ripper’ Peter Sutcliffe kills his first victim, Wilma McCann.
1982: Australian Lindy Chamberlain is found guilty of the murder of her nine-week-old daughter Azaria after a jury dismisses her claim that a dingo took the baby while on a visit to Ayres Rock in Northern Territory.
1986: Prime minister Margaret Thatcher opens the final stretch of London’s Orbital Motorway, the M25.
1987: Thomas “Hitman” Hearns wins an unprecedented fourth different weight boxing title.
1989: Singles chart:
- That’s What I Like – Jive Bunny and The Maastermixers
- Girl I’m Gonna Miss You – Milli Vanilli
- All Around The World – Lisa Stansfield
- Street Tuff – Rebel MC and Double Trouble
- Room In Your Heart – Living In A Box
- Leave A Light On – Belinda Carlisle
- If I Could Turn Back Time – Cher
- We Didn’t Start The Fire – Billy Joel
- Ride On Time – Black Box
- Road To Hell (Part 2) – Chris Rea
- Wild! – Erasure
- Welcome To The Beautiful South – The Beautiful South
- Enjoy Yourself – Kylie Minogue
- Runaway Horses – Belinda Carlisle
- Storm Front – Billy Joel
- The Sensual World – Kate Bush
- All Or Nothing: 2×2 – Milli Vanilli
- Greatest Hits – Billy Ocean
- Spark To A Flame – The Very Best Of – Chris De Burgh
- Crossroads – Tracy Chapman
1996: The Stone Roses split up.
1997: Iraq’s Revolution Command Council announces that it will no longer allow US citizens and US aircraft to serve with UN arms inspection teams.
1998: 77-year old John Glenn becomes the oldest person to go into space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery.
1999: A massive cyclone sweeps through the state of Orissa in eastern India, killing up to 10,000 people and leaving many more homeless.
2003: Conservative Party leader, Iain Duncan Smith, resigns.
2015: China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years.
BIRTHDAYS: Denny Laine, (Brian Hines) guitarist/singer (The Moody Blues/Wings) 76; Richard Dreyfuss, actor, 73; Kate Jackson, actress, 72; Dan Castellaneta, voice of Homer Simpson, 63; Rufus Sewell, actor, 53; Roni Size (Ryan Williams), DJ, producer, 51; Winona Ryder, actress, 49; Robert Pirès, footballer, 47; Michael Vaughan, cricketer, 46; Fleur East, singer, 33.