It happened today – this day in history – October 3

52BC: Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar.

42BC: Gaius Cassius, Roman senator and conspirator against Julius Caesar, dies during the Battle of Philippi.

1226: Death of St Francis of Assisi.

1283: Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.

1691: The English and Dutch army occupies Limerick.

1712: The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.

1739: The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War.

1778: Captain James Cook reaches Alaska.

1849: Author Edgar Allen Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland, under mysterious circumstances. it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

1863: US President Abraham Lincoln designates the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

1888: Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete the first known crossing of Greenland.

1899: J S Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner.

1904: France and Spain sign a treaty for Morocco’s Independence.

1908: Pravda newspaper is founded by Leon Trotsky and other Russian exiles in Vienna.

1918: Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Boris III.

1926: Violet Piercy sets the first recognised female marathon record in 3:40:22 on the Polytechnic Marathon course between Windsor and London.

1929: The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes its name to Yugoslavia.

1932: Iraq gains independence from Britain and joins the League of Nations.

1943: The British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy.

1944: The Nazis crush an uprising in Warsaw.

1945: Elvis Presley makes his first ever-public appearance aged 10 in a talent contest at the Mississippi Alabama Dairy Show singing ‘Old Shep’. He comes second.

1952: The Ministry of Food announces an end to tea rationing. On the same day, the UK becomes the world’s third nuclear nation with a detonation at Monte Bello Island, Australia. Also, the first video recording is made onto magnetic tape in Los Angeles.

1953: Death of composer Arnold Bax aged 69.

1957: Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.

1962: Wally Schirra is launched into Earth orbit in Sigma 7.

1967: Influential American folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie dies after suffering from Huntington’s Chorea. On the same day, Sir Malcolm Sargent, conductor, dies aged 72.

1968: Working at Trident Studios in London (the only studio in the UK at the time with 8-track facilities) Paul, George and Ringo record the basic track of George’s song Savoy Truffle in one take for the White Album. On the same day, a military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru.

1969: Death of blues legend Skip James.

1971: Tennis star Bille Jean King becomes first female athlete to win $100,000 in prize money in a single year when she wins the $4,000 Virginia Slams Tournament in Phoenix, Arizona. On the same day, Jackie Stewart finishes fifth in the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1975: The Spaghetti House siege in Kensington ends when three gunmen give themselves up to police after releasing six hostages.

On TV tonight (Friday)

THAMES
09.30For Schools
12.00A Handful of Songs
12.10Mister Trimble
12.30The Dunlop Masters Golf Tournament
13.00First Report and Labour Party Conference
13.50Lunchtime Today
14.00The Dunlop Masters Golf Tournament
16.20Pop Quest
16.50Magpie
17.20The Flintstones
17.50News
18.00Today
18.35 – 19.00Crossroads
LONDON WEEKEND
19.00Who Do You Do? Impressionists showcase
19.30General Hospital
20.30Larry Grayson
21.00Beryl’s Lot Comedy drama series
22.00News at Ten
22.30Police Five
22.40Russell Harty
23.30Police Woman
BBC ONE
09.30For Schools, Colleges
10.45You and Me
11.00For Schools, Colleges
12.20Interval
12.30Mynd a’r Gan
12.55News
13.00Pebble Mill
13.45Chigley
14.02For Schools, Colleges
15.00Closedown
15.58Regional News (exc London)
16.00Play School
16.25Boris the Bold
16.35Jackanory
16.50Felix the Cat
17.00Blue Peter Special Assignment
17.40The Wombles
17.45National News
18.00Nationwide
19.05Tom and Jerry
19.10The Invisible Man A scientist discovers how to make himself invisible and must then try.to keep the secret from unscrupulous agents who want to use it as a means of achieving world power.
20.00Dad’s Army Captain Mainwaring decides that Jones’s bank account has been in the red too long. Stars Arthur Lowe, John Le Mesurier and Clive Dunn.
20.30The Liver Birds
21.00Nine O’Clock News
21.25Quiller Quiller discovers a plan to seize power using the forces of voodoo. Stars Michael Jayston.
22.20Tonight
22.50Film 75 Barry Norman looks at the week’s latest cinema release.
23.20Weatherman/Regional News
23.22The Friday Film: Suspected Person (1942) An innocent man discovers the money stolen from an American bank and is then chased by the robbers and the police.
BBC TWO
06.40Open University
07.55Closedown
09.30Labour Party Conference
11.00Play School
11.25Labour Party Conference
12.40Closedown
17.25Open University
19.05Closedown
19.29Weather
19.30Newsday
19.50Pot Black Snooker quiz
20.15The Money Programme
21.00Fawlty Towers Basil decides to defend the hotel’s standard of morality. Starring and written by John Cleese and Connie Booth
21.35Leap in the Dark
22.20The Wild West Show
23.10Newsnight
23.25Closedown

1978: Aerosmith bail 30 of their fans out of jail after they were arrested for smoking pot during the band’s concert at Fort Wayne Coliseum.

1981: A hunger strike by Republican inmates in The Maze prison, Northern Ireland, comes to an end after seven months.

1990: The reunification of East and West Germany. The West German flag is raised above the Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight.

1992: Sinead O’Connor ripped up a photograph of Pope John Paul II, on the US TV show ‘Saturday Night Live’, as a protest over sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church. On the same day, Barack Obama marries fellow lawyer Michelle Robinson in Chicago.

1993: Boris Yeltsin declares a state of emergency in Moscow. On the same day, in an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid’s organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.

Singles chart:

  1. Relight My Fire – Take That ft Lulu
  2. Boom! Shake The Room – DJ Jazzy Jeff & The Fresh Prince
  3. Moving On Up – M People
  4. She Don’t Let Nobody – Chaka Demus & Pliers
  5. Relax – Frankie Goes To Hollywood
  6. Life – Haddaway
  7. Go West – Pet Shop Boys
  8. I Would Do Anything For Love (But I Won’t Do That) – Meat Loaf
  9. Mr Vain – Culture Beat
  10. Stay – Eternal
1993: James – Laid

Album chart:

  1. Very – Pet Shop Boys
  2. Bat Out Of Hell II: Back Into Hell – Meat Loaf
  3. Laid – James
  4. Love Scenes – Beverly Craven
  5. The Hits 2 – Prince
  6. Elements: The Best Of… – Mike Oldfield
  7. In Utero – Nirvana
  8. The Beatles: 1962-1966 – The Beatles
  9. The Hits 1 – Prince
  10. The Beatles: 1967-1970 – The Beatles

1995: OJ Simpson is found not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.

1997: Japan’s maglev train breaks the world speed record at 280.3mph.

1999: Akio Morita the founder of Sony electronics dies aged 78.

2000: John Lennon’s assassin Mark Chapman is denied parole after serving 20 years in prison. Chapman was interviewed for 50 minutes by parole board members who concluded that releasing Chapman would “deprecate the seriousness of the crime.” On the same day, Benjamin Orr, singer with The Cars dies from cancer aged 53.

2003: Roy Horn of magic due Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers in Las Vegas.

2004: Death of actress Janet Leigh (Jeanetta Morrison) aged 77.

2005: Comedian Ronnie Barker dies aged 76.

2008: 13 years to the day after his aquittal of double murder charges, O J Simpson is found guilty of kidnapping and armed robbery.

2010: The Commonwealth Games open in Delhi, India.

2013: 325 people are killed after a migrant ship catches fire off the coast of Lampedusa, Italy.

2015: Former Labout MP and Chancellor of the Exchequer, Denis Healey, dies aged 98.

BIRTHDAYS: Steve Reich, composer, 84; Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans) singer, 79; Roy Horn, entertainer, 76; P. P. Arnold (Patricia Cole), singer, 74; Lindsey Buckingham, guitarist/singer/songwriter, 71; Ronnie Laws, saxophonist, 70; Al Sharpton, Baptist minister/civil rights leader, 66; Tim Westwood, DJ, 63; Fred Couples, golfer, 61; Gail Greenwood, bassist (Belly) 60; Tommy Lee (Bass), drummer (Motley Crue) 58; Clive Owen, actor, 56; Dan Miller, guitarist (They Might Be Giants) 54; Gwen Stefani, singer, 51; Kevin Richardson, singer, (Backstreet Boys) 49; Neve Campbell, actress, 47; Lena Headey, actress, 47; India Arie (Simpson), singer, 45; Seann William Scott, actor, 44; Jake Shears, (Jason Sellards), singer (Scissor Sisters) 42; Zlatan Ibrahimović, footballer, 39; Danny O’Donoghue, singer-songwriter, (The Script) 37; Tessa Thompson, actress, 37; Ashlee Simpson, singer, 36; Alicia Vikander, actress, 32.

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Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]