It happened today – this day in history – October 3

52BC: Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar.

42BC: Gaius Cassius, Roman senator and conspirator against Julius Caesar, dies during the Battle of Philippi.

1226: Death of St Francis of Assisi.

1283: Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.

1691: The English and Dutch army occupies Limerick.

1712: The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.

1739: The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War.

1778: Captain James Cook reaches Alaska.

1849: Author Edgar Allen Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland, under mysterious circumstances. it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

1863: US President Abraham Lincoln designates the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

1888: Explorer Fridtjof Nansen and his team complete the first known crossing of Greenland.

1899: J S Thurman patents the motor-driven vacuum cleaner.

1904: France and Spain sign a treaty for Morocco’s Independence.

1908: Pravda newspaper is founded by Leon Trotsky and other Russian exiles in Vienna.

1918: Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Boris III.

1926: Violet Piercy sets the first recognised female marathon record in 3:40:22 on the Polytechnic Marathon course between Windsor and London.

1929: The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats & Slovenes changes its name to Yugoslavia.

1932: Iraq gains independence from Britain and joins the League of Nations.

1943: The British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy.

1944: The Nazis crush an uprising in Warsaw.

1945: Elvis Presley makes his first ever-public appearance aged 10 in a talent contest at the Mississippi Alabama Dairy Show singing Old Shep. He comes second.

1952: The Ministry of Food announces an end to tea rationing. On the same day, the UK becomes the world’s third nuclear nation with a detonation at Monte Bello Island, Australia. Also, the first video recording is made onto magnetic tape in Los Angeles.

1953: Death of composer Arnold Bax aged 69.

1957: Allen Ginsberg’s Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.

1962: Wally Schirra is launched into Earth orbit in Sigma 7. On the same day, a Ron Flowers penalty earns England a 1-1 draw in their first match in the European Championship – then the European Nations Cup – a first leg qualifier against France at Hillsborough.

1967: Influential American folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie dies after suffering from Huntington’s Chorea. On the same day, Sir Malcolm Sargent, conductor, dies aged 72.

1968: Working at Trident Studios in London (the only studio in the UK at the time with 8-track facilities) Paul, George and Ringo record the basic track of George’s song Savoy Truffle in one take for The Beatles White Album. On the same day, a military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru.


1969: Death of blues legend Skip James.

1971: Tennis star Billie Jean King becomes first female athlete to win $100,000 in prize money in a single year when she wins the $4,000 Virginia Slams Tournament in Phoenix, Arizona. On the same day, Jackie Stewart finishes fifth in the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.

1975: The Spaghetti House siege in Kensington ends when three gunmen give themselves up to police after releasing six hostages.

1978: Aerosmith bail 30 of their fans out of jail after they were arrested for smoking pot during the band’s concert at Fort Wayne Coliseum.

1981: A hunger strike by Republican inmates in The Maze prison, Northern Ireland, comes to an end after seven months.

1990: The reunification of East and West Germany. The West German flag is raised above the Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight.

1992: Sinead O’Connor rips up a photograph of Pope John Paul II, on the US TV show ‘Saturday Night Live’, as a protest over sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic Church. On the same day, Barack Obama marries fellow lawyer Michelle Robinson in Chicago.

1993: Boris Yeltsin declares a state of emergency in Moscow. On the same day, in an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid’s organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.

1995: OJ Simpson is found not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.

1997: Japan’s Maglev train breaks the world speed record at 280.3mph.

1999: Akio Morita the founder of Sony electronics dies aged 78.

Singles chart:

  1. Blue (Da Ba Dee) – Eiffel 65
  2. S Club Party – S Club 7
  3. Man I Feel Like A Woman – Shania Twain
  4. Goin’ Down – Melanie C
  5. Mambo No5 – Lou Bega
  6. You Drive Me Crazy – Britney Spears
  7. Sun Is Shining – Bob Marley
  8. We’re Going To Ibiza – The Vengaboys
  9. Sunshine – Gabrielle
  10. I Try – Macy Gray
1999: Shania Twain – Come On Over

Album chart:

  1. Reload – Tom Jones
  2. Come On Over – Shania Twain
  3. The Man Who – Travis
  4. Rhythm And Stealth – Leftfield
  5. Brand New Day – Sting
  6. Supergrass – Supergrass
  7. Performance And Cocktails – Stereophonics
  8. My Love Is Your Love – Whitney Houston
  9. Liquid Skin – Gomez
  10. The Fragile – Nine Inch Nails

2000: John Lennon’s assassin Mark Chapman is denied parole after serving 20 years in prison. Chapman was interviewed for 50 minutes by parole board members who concluded that releasing Chapman would “deprecate the seriousness of the crime.” On the same day, Benjamin Orr, singer with The Cars dies from cancer aged 53.

2003: Roy Horn of magic due Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers in Las Vegas.

2004: Death of actress Janet Leigh (Jeanetta Morrison) aged 77.

2005: Comedian Ronnie Barker dies aged 76.

2008: 13 years to the day after his aquittal of double murder charges, O J Simpson is found guilty of kidnapping and armed robbery.

2010: The Commonwealth Games open in Delhi, India.

2013: 325 people are killed after a migrant ship catches fire off the coast of Lampedusa, Italy.

2015: Former Labour MP and Chancellor of the Exchequer, Denis Healey, dies aged 98.

2017: King Felipe of Spain speaks out against the Catalan referendum saying organisers have “broken the rule of law”.

2018: The first exomoon (outside the solar system), discovered 8,000 years away (the size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University.

2020: The UK’s wettest day on record, with an average 31.7mm (1.24ins) across the country in the wake of Storm Alex.

2021: Actress Cynthia Harris dies aged 87.

BIRTHDAYS: Steve Reich, composer, 86; Chubby Checker (Ernest Evans) singer, 81; P. P. Arnold (Patricia Cole), singer, 76; Lindsey Buckingham, guitarist/singer/songwriter, 73; Ronnie Laws, saxophonist, 72; Al Sharpton, Baptist minister/civil rights leader, 68; Tim Westwood, DJ, 65; Fred Couples, golfer, 63; Greg Proops, comedian, 63; Gail Greenwood, bassist (Belly) 62; Kevin Eldon, actor, 62; Tommy Lee (Bass), drummer (Motley Crue) 60; Clive Owen, actor, 58; Dan Miller, guitarist (They Might Be Giants) 56; Gwen Stefani, singer, 53; Kevin Richardson, singer, (Backstreet Boys) 51; Neve Campbell, actress, 49; Lena Headey, actress, 49; Grace Dent, journalist/author, 49; India Arie (Simpson), singer, 47; Seann William Scott, actor, 46; Jake Shears, (Jason Sellards), singer (Scissor Sisters) 44; Zlatan Ibrahimović, footballer, 41; Danny O’Donoghue, singer-songwriter, (The Script) 39; Tessa Thompson, actress, 39; Ashlee Simpson, singer, 38; Alicia Vikander, actress, 34; Kepa Arrizabalaga, goalkeeper, 28; Kelechi Iheanacho, footballer, 26; Noah Schnapp, actor, 18.