1470: Henry VI returns to the English throne after the Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle during the War of the Roses.
1485: Henry VII of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1629: Charles I gives the Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath.
1784: Napoleon Bonaparte admitted to the elite École Militaire in Paris, the start of his military career.
1809: Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, third Duke of Portland, dies after an operation to remove a kidney stone aged 71.
1873: P T Barnum’s circus, the “Greatest Show on Earth”, debuts in New York.
1886: Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa.
1899: Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown.
1903: In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria.
1905: George Bernard Shaw’s “Mrs Warren’s Profession” premieres in New York.
1914: The Allied offensive at Ypres begins.
1918: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on October 31.
1923: Prime minister Andrew Bonar Law dies of throat cancer aged 64.
1938: A radio broadcast of H.G. Wells’ “The War of the Worlds”, narrated by Orson Welles, allegedly causes mass panic across the US.
1939: The USSR and Germany agree on partitioning Poland.
1944: Aaron Copeland’s ballet score “Appalachian Spring” premieres in Washington, D.C. On the same day, Anne Frank is transferred from Auschwitz concentration camp to Belsen.
1952: Birdseye sells the first frozen peas
1957: The Government reveals details of plans to reform the House of Lords which include creating the first women life peerages.
1960: Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the UK at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
1968: Film star Ramon Navarro is murdered at his home aged 69 by two men posing as sex escorts.
- Those Were The Days – Mary Hopkin
- With A Little Help From My Friends – Joe Cocker
- The Good, The Bad And The Ugly – Hugo Montenegro
- Little Arrows – Leapy Lee
- Only One Woman – The Marbles
- Light My Fire – Jose Feliciano
- Hey Jude – The Beatles
- Jesamine – The Casuals
- Les Bicyclettes De Belsize – Engelbert Humperdinck
- My Little Lady – The Tremeloes
1970: Jim Morrison of The Doors was fined and sentenced to six months in jail after being found guilty of exposing himself during a gig in Miami. An appeal was lodged which kept him out of jail and he died before the appeal was heard.
1972: Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on an RUC station in Derry, and steal four British Army Sterling sub-machine guns.
1973: The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting Europe and Asia.
1974: Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in Round 8 of the “Rumble In The Jungle” in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain the world heavyweight boxing title.
1978: Ugandan troops attack Tanzania.
1981 : Nicholas Reed, the secretary of the UK’s pro-euthanasia group Exit is sentenced to two and a half years for aiding and abetting suicide.
1988: McLaren driver Ayrton Senna wins the Japanese Grand Prix at Suzuka, to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1990: Britain and France complete the Channel Tunnel. On the same day, Guns N’ Roses singer Axl Rose was released on $10,000 bail, after being arrested for allegedly hitting a neighbour over the head with a bottle.
1994: Album chart:
- Cross Road: The Best Of.. – Bon Jovi
- Bedtime Stories – Madonna
- The Best Of.. – Chris Rea
- Monster – REM
- Twelve Deadly Cyns… And Then Some – Cyndi Lauper
- Youthanasia – Megadeth
- The Return Of The Space Cowboy – Jamiroquai
- Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me – Gloria Estefan
- Steam – East 17
- No Need To Argue – The Cranberries
1997: Diego Maradona announces his retirement from football on his 37th birthday.
2002: Jam Master Jay from Run-DMC was murdered by an assassin’s bullet at his recording studio in Queens, New York. On the same day, Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the UK.
2007: Linda Stein, former co-manager of punk band The Ramones was found beaten to death at her Manhattan apartment.
2017: President Donald Trump’s former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort and associate Rick Gates are indicted on fraud charges abd advisor George Papadopoulos pleads guilty to lying to the FBI.
2018: Boston mob boss James “Whitey” Bulger is killed in prison aged 89. On the same day, the Pentagon sends 5,200 troops to the Mexican border in advance of a migrant caravan on its way from Central America. Also, German former nurse Niels Högel admits in court to killing over 100 patients, making him one of the world’s worst serial killers.
2019: Kashmir officially loses its autonomous status, its flag and constitution as India brings it under federal control.
BIRTHDAYS: Eddie Holland, songwriter, 81; Grace Slick, singer-songwriter, 81; Otis Williams, singer (The Temptations) 79; Henry Winkler, actor, 75; Chris Slade, drummer (Manfred Mann’s Earthband/AC/DC) 74; Timothy B Schmit, bass/vocals (The Eagles) 73; Harry Hamlin, actor, 69; Juliet Stevenson, actress, 64; Stefan Dennis, actor, 62; Diego Maradona, football legend, 60; Gavin Rossdale, musician/actor (Bush) 53; Ivanka Trump, president’s daughter/advisor, 39; Vanessa White, singer (The Saturdays) 31.