1451: Birth of Christopher Columbus.
1470: Henry VI returns to the English throne after the Earl of Warwick defeats Yorkists in battle during the War of the Roses.
1485: Henry VII is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1629: Charles I gives The Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath.
1866: Jesse James’ gang robs a bank in Lexington, Missouri.
1873: P T Barnum debuts his ‘Greatest Show On Earth.”
1885: Birth of poet Ezra Pound.
1917: The government gave final approval to the Balfour Declaration which proclaimed support for a Jewish state in Palestine.
1923: Death of Andrew Bonar Law, the shortest serving British Prime Minister of the 20th century.
1938: A radio broadcast of The War Of The Worlds by H G Wells and narrated by Orson Welles causes mass panic in the US as people believe the country had been invaded by Martians.
1939: The USSR and Germany agree on partitioning Poland.
1944: Aaron Copeland’s ballet score “Appalachian Spring” premieres in Washington, D.C. On the same day, Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen.
1952: Clarence Birdseye sells the first frozen peas.
1957: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik II carrying Laika, the first dog in space.
1960: Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the UK.
1970: Jim Morrison of The Doors was fined and sentenced to six months in jail after being found guilty of exposing himself during a gig in Miami. He died before an appeal could be heard or sentence carried out
1973: The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
1974: Muhammad Ali knocks out George Foreman in the 8th round in Kinshasa, Zaire to regain the World Heavyweight title.
1975: King Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain.
1990: Guns N’ Roses singer Axl Rose was released on $10,000 bail, after being arrested for allegedly hitting a neighbour over the head with a bottle.
1997: Diego Maradona announces his retirement from football on his 37th birthday.
2002: Jam Master Jay from Run-DMC was murdered by an assassin’s single bullet at his recording studio in New York,
2007: Linda Stein, former co-manager of The Ramones was found beaten to death at her Manhattan apartment.
2017: President Trump’s former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort and associate Rick Gates are indicted on fraud charges, advisor George Papadopoulos pleads guilty to lying to the FBI. On the same day, a US federal judge block’s Trump’s ban on transgender people in the military.
2018: German ex-nurse Niels Högel admits in court to killing over 100 patients, making him one of the world’s worst serial killers.
BIRTHDAYS: Eddie Holland, songwriter, 80; Grace Slick, singer (Jefferson Airplane) 80; Otis Williams, singer (The Temptations), 78; Henry Winkler, actor, 74; Chris Slade, drummer (AC/DC) 73; Timothy B Schmit, musician (The Eagles) 72; Harry Hamlin, actor, 68; Mario Testino, fashion photographer, 65; Juliet Stevenson, actress, 63; Joey Belladonna, musician, (Anthrax) 59; Diego Maradona, former footballer, 57; Gavin Rossdale, musician (Bush) 52; Ivanka Trump, president’s daughter/advisor, 38; Vanessa White, singer (The Saturdays) 30.