1568: The trial of Mary, Queen of Scots begins at the Conference of York.
1796: Spain declares war on England.
1864: Almost 60,000 die when a cyclone destroys most of Calcutta.
1905: The Wright Brothers’ Flyer III flies 38.5km in 38.3seconds.
1908: Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar.
1910: Portugal overthrows the monarchy and proclaims itself a republic.
1911: Italian troops occupy Tripoli.
1915: Bulgaria enters the First World War.
1916: Adolf Hitler is wounded in the left thigh by an exploding shell during the Battle of the Somme . Just a few inches to the right and..
1930: A British airship crashes in a storm at Beauvais, France, leaving 48 dead.
1936: The Jarrow March sets off for London.
1942: 90 French-Jewish women are beaten to death by prison guards at Auschwitz concentration camp.
1945: A six-month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers studios.
1946: Newcastle United equals the Football League record for the biggest winning margin in a 13-0 thrashing of Newport in a Division 2 match at St. James’ Park.
1947: Harry Truman makes the first televised Presidential address from the White House.
1957: Dai Rees captains Great Britain-Ireland to their first Ryder Cup victory since 1933.
1960: The Labour party demands unilateral nuclear disarmament.
1962: Described by producer George Martin as the day the world changed, the first Beatles single, Love Me Do is released. On the same day, the first James Bond film “Dr No”, starring Sean Connery as 007 premieres in London.
1965: Johnny Cash was arrested crossing the Mexican border into El Paso, Texas after customs officials found 100’s of pills in his guitar case.
1966: Jimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell and Noel Redding played together for the first time as The Jimi Hendrix Experience.
1968: Police use batons and water cannon to break up a civil rights march in Londonderry. Considered by many to be the beginning of The Troubles.
1969: Monty Python’s Flying Circus debuts on BBC TV.
1970: Quebec separatists kidnap British trade commissioner James Cross.
1974: Two IRA bombs explode in pubs in Guildford, killing four soldiers and one civilian and injuring 65 more people.
1975: McLaren driver Niki Lauda wins the United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1980: Williams driver Alan Jones wins the United States East Grand Prix to claim his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
- Don’t Stand So Close To Me – The Police
- D.I.S.C.O – Ottawan
- Baggy Trousers – Madness
- Masterblaster (Jammin’) – Stevie Wonder
- My Old Piano – Diana Ross
- Stereotype/International Jet Set – The Specials
- If You’re Looking For A Way Out – Odyssey
- One Day I’ll Fly Away – Randy Crawford
- Amigo – Black Slate
- Killer On The Loose – Thin Lizzy
- Zenyatta Mondatta – The Police
- Absolutely – Madness
- Scary Monsters And Super Creeps – David Bowie
- Mounting Excitement – Various Artists
- More Specials – The Specials
- Never For Ever – Kate Bush
- Paris – Supertramp
- The Very Best Of… – Don McLean
- Breaking Glass – Hazel O’Connor
- Signing Off – UB40
1983: Polish politician and activist Lech Walesa wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1984: Police and Customs in Essex seize what is thought to be the biggest haul of cannabis made in a single raid in Britain. On the same day, actor Leonard Rossiter dies from a heart attack aged 57.
1992: Falsetto singer Eddie Kendricks of The Temptations died aged 52 from lung cancer.
1994: The bodies of 48 members of religious cult The Order Of The Solar Temple are discovered in a concealed chamber beneath a remote farmhouse in the village of Cheiry by Swiss police following an apparent mass suicide.
1999: 31 people are killed and dozens more injured after two trains collide at Ladbroke Grove near Paddington Station in west London.
2000: Opposition supporters storm the Yugoslav parliament building and proclaim Vojislav Kostunica as the new president when Slobodan Milosevic stands down.
2004: Comedian Rodney Dangerfield dies aged 82.
2005: Vampire novel “Twilight” by Stephenie Meyer is published.
2007: After years of angry denials, triple gold medal winning American sprinter Marion Jones admits she used steroids in 2000-01, pleads guilty to lying to federal investigators, announces her retirement and returns her medals.
2011: Death of folk guitarist Bert Jansch aged 67. On the same day, co-founder of Apple, Steve Jobs, dies aged 56.
2014: French Formula 1 driver Jules Bianchi collides with a recovery vehicle during the Japanese Grand Prix. He dies 10 months later.
2015: Governor of California Jerry Brown signs a bill giving terminally ill patients the “right to die”.
2017: The Spanish constitutional court suspends the Catalan parliament to prevent a declaration of independence. On the same day, Iraqi forces claim victory and control over Islamic State’s last urban stronghold Hawija in Northern Iraq. Also, “The New York Times” publishes its investigation into sexual harassment by Hollywood producer Harvey Weinstein.
2018: Banksy work “Girl With Balloon” automatically shreds moments after being sold for £1 million in London and is re-named “Love is in the Bin”.
BIRTHDAYS: Glynis Johns, actress, 97; Steve Miller, guitarist/singer-songwriter, 77; Brian Johnson, singer (AC/DC) 73; Russell Mael, singer (Sparks) 72; Bob Geldof, singer-songwriter, 69; Harold Faltemeyer, musician, 68; Imran Khan, cricketer/Prime Minister of Pakistan, 68; Lee Thompson, saxophone (Madness) 63; Neil deGrasse Tyson, astrophysicist/TV presenter/writer, 62; Daniel Baldwin, actor, 60; Guy Pearce, actor, 53; Kate Winslet, actress, 45; James Valentine, guitarist, (Maroon 5) 42; Jesse Eisenberg, actor/playwright/author, 37; Nicola Roberts, singer (Girls Aloud) 35.