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1762: British troops occupy Manila, Philippines.
1854: The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead leads to 53 deaths.
1889: The Moulin Rogue opens in Paris.
1892: Death of poet Alfred Lord Tennyson aged 83.
1900: Britain annexes the Orange Free State.
1908: Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina.
1917: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres after 250,000 casualties on both sides.
1927: Release of The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson, the first film with sound.
1928: Josip Broz (Tito) is sentenced to five years in prison.
1936: Diana Mitford marries Oswald Mosley in the house of Joseph Goebbels with Adolf Hitler as a guest.
1941: The German army occupies Briansk, USSR.
1944: Soviet forces march into Hungary and Czechoslovakia.
1948: An earthquake kills 100,000 in the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic.
1951: Joseph Stalin says the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb.
1952: Agatha Christie’s play “The Mousetrap” opens in London.
1953: Britain sends troops to British Guiana in response to what the UK Government calls a threat to the administration of the colony.
1960: Singles chart:
- Tell Laura I Love Her – Ricky Valance
- Only The Lonely – Roy Orbison
- Nine Times Out Of Ten – Cliff Richard
- A Mess Of Blues – Elvis Presley
- Apache – The Shadows
- Lucille – The Everly Brothers
- How About That – Adam Faith
- Walk Don’t Run – The Ventures
- Because They’re Young – Duane Eddy
- Chain Gang – Sam Cooke
1964: The Beatles spent the afternoon recording ‘Eight Days A Week’ at EMI Studios in Abbey Road studios, St John’s Wood.
1966: LSD is declared illegal in California.
1972: David Bowie recorded ‘The Jean Genie’ at RCA Studios in New York City. On the same day, Irish Taoiseach Jack Lynch closes the Sinn Féin office in Dublin.
1973: The Yom Kippur War erupts between Arab and Israeli forces along two fronts as Egypt and Syria attempt to re-take land occupied since 1967.
1976: A Cuban commercial flight crashes into the Atlantic after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, explode onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados, killing all 73 people on board.
1978: Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an undesirable person. On the same day, Anni-Frid Lyngstad marries fellow ABBA member Benny Andersson.
1979: Pope John Paul II becomes the first pontiff to visit the White House when he meets with President Jimmy Carter.
1981: President Sadat of Egypt dies after being shot at a military parade.
1985: Police officer Keith Blakelock is hacked to death by a mob during riots at the Broadwater Farm housing estate in Tottenham. On the same day, McLaren driver Alain Prost clinches his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a fourth place in the European Grand Prix at Brands Hatch.
1987: Maj-Gen Sitiveni Rabuka declares Fiji a republic after a military coup.
1989: Actress Bette (Ruth) Davis dies aged 81.
1991: Michael Jackson gave Elizabeth Taylor away at her wedding to construction worker Larry Fortensky held at Neverland Ranch.
2012: Pope Benedict XVI’s butler, Paolo Gabriele, is found guilty of leaking confidential documents and sentenced to 18 months imprisonment.
2013: Album chart:
- Days Are Gone – Haim
- The 20/20 Experience: 2 Of 2 – Justin Timberlake
- Mechanical Bull – Kings Of Leon
- AM – Arctic Monkeys
- Nothing Was The Same – Drake
- Fortress – Alter Bridge
- Alive – Jessie J
- If You Wait – London Grammar
- True – Avicii
- The Fifth – Dizee Rascal
2017: Kazuo Ishiguro is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
2018: Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballé dies aged 85.
2019: Death of drummer Ginger Baker aged 80.
BIRTHDAYS: Britt Ekland, actress, 78; Gerry Adams, Sinn Fein politician, 72; Kevin Cronin, singer, (REO Speedwagon) 69; David Hidalgo, guitarist/singer (Los Lobos) 66; Richard Jobson, singer (The Skids) TV presenter, 60; Elisabeth Shue, actress, 57; Niall Quinn, footballer, 54; Ioan Gruffudd, actor, 47; Ricky Hatton, boxer, 42; Will Butler, musiciam (Arcade Fire) 38.