1854: The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead leaves 53 dead.
1889: The Moulin Rouge (Red Windmill) opens in Paris.
1892: Death of Alfred Lord Tennyson aged 83.
1908: Austria annexes Bosnia & Herzegovina
1917: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres.
1927: Release of The Jazz Singer – the first ‘talkie’ starring Al Jolson.
1951: Joseph Stalin says the USSR has the atomic bomb.
1952: Agatha Christie’s The Mousetrap opens in London. 67 years later it’s stil on.
1961: As the Cold War rages, President John F Kennedy advises Americans to build fallout shelters.
1966: LSD is declared illegal in California. Other states soon follow.
1973: The Yom Kippur War begins when Syria & Egypt attack Israel..
1980: Death of Carry On actress Hattie Jacques aged 58.
1981: Egyptian president Anwar Sadat is assassinated by fundamentalists in the army.
1985: PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt on the Broadwater Farm estate in Tottenham.
1989: Death of film star Bette Davis aged 81.
2018: Death of Spanish soprano Montserrat Caballe aged 85.
BIRTHDAYS: Britt Ekland, actress, 77; Kevin Cronin, singer (REO Speedwagon) 68; David Hidalgo, musician (Los Lobos) 65; Richard Jobson, TV presenter/former singer (The Skids) 59; Elisabeth Shue, actress, 56; Niall Quinn, former footballer, 53; Ricky Hatton, former boxer, 41; Will Butler, musician (Arcade Fire), 37.