It happened today – this day in history – October 9

768: Charlemagne and his brother Carloman I are crowned Kings of The Franks.

1192: Richard I leaves Jerusalem in disguise.

1665: Due to the Great Plague, Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster.

1781: Americans under George Washington and the French under Comte de Rochambeau begin the bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of the American Revolutionary War.

1799: Sinking of the British frigate HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and cargo worth £1,200,000 off the Dutch coast.

1806: Prussia declares war on France.

1831: Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first head of state of modern Greece, is assassinated in Nafplion.

1835: Birth of composer Camille Saint-Saëns in Paris.

1854: The siege of Sevastopol begins during the Crimean War.

1855: Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine motor.

1876: The first two-way telephone conversation over outdoor wires.

1914: German troops take Antwerp.

1932: Joseph Stalin expels Lev Kamenev and Grigory Zinoviev from the Communist Party after a power struggle.

1934: King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and French Foreign Minister Louis Barthou are assassinated in Marseille by a member of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization.

1940: John Lennon is born in Liverpool.

1941: President Franklin D Roosevelt approves an atomic program that will become the Manhattan Project. On the same day, Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango is declared president of Panama after a coup.

1944: Prime minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin.

1945: British troops occupy Andamanen in the Gulf of Bengal.

1946: Eugene O’Neill’s “The Iceman Cometh” premieres in New York.

1949: English ballerina Margot Fonteyn debuts in America with her performance of Sleeping Beauty at the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.

1953: Konrad Adenaur is elected Chancellor of West Germany.

1959: The Conservatives win a third consecutive general election. Harold Macmillan becomes prime minister.

1961: Tanganyika becomes independent within the Commonwealth. On the same day, there are Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha in the south Atlantic.

1962: Uganda becomes independent from the UK.


1963: Prime minister Harold Macmillan resigns and is replaced by Alec Douglas-Home. On the same day, Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba and Haiti, killing 6,000 people.

1968: 2,000 students from Queen’s University Belfast try to march to Belfast City Hall in protest against police brutality, but are blocked by loyalists led by Ian Paisley.

1973: Elvis and and Priscilla Presley divorce after six years of marriage.

1975: A homeless man is killed when an IRA bomb detonates in Picadilly. On the same day, Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

1976: Aston Villa’s attempt to fill an international weekend with a prestige friendly against Glasgow Rangers backfires. Scots fans descended on Birmingham, causing problems in the city centre before arriving at Villa Park. At the ground missiles are thrown, there are pitch invasions and battles with police which leave more than 100 spectators injured. The match is abandoned in the 53rd minute.

1978: Belgian singer songwriter Jacques Brel dies of cancer aged 49.

1981: Capital punishment is abolished in France.

1984: Kathy Sullivan becomes the first US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle mission.

1986: Andrew Lloyd Webber’s “Phantom of the Opera” premieres in London.

1988: Cliff Gallup, hugely influential guitarist with Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps dies of a heart attack.

1990: The Stone Roses are each fined £3,000 after being found guilty of criminal damage at their former record company offices.

1991: The first Sumo wrestling tournament ever held off Japanese soil in the sport’s 1500 year history begins at the Royal Albert Hall.

1994: Singles chart:

  1. Sure – Take That
  2. Saturday Night – Wigfield
  3. Always – Bon Jovi
  4. Baby Come Back – Pato Banton
  5. Hey Now (Girls Jut Wanna Have Fun) – Cyndi Laupr
  6. The Rhythm Of The Night – Corona
  7. Sweetness – Michelle Gayle
  8. Stay (I Missed You) – Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories
  9. Steam – East 17
  10. Secret – Madonna
1994: Blur – Parklife

Album chart:

  1. Monster – REM
  2. No Ned To Argue – The Cranberries
  3. The Hit List – Cliff Richard
  4. Twelve Deadly Cyns…And Then Some – Cyndi Lauper
  5. The Three Tenors In Concert – Carreras/Domingo/Pavarotti
  6. Songs – Luther Vandross
  7. Parklife – Blur
  8. From The Cradle – Eric Clapton
  9. Definitely Maybe – Oasis
  10. Protection/No Protection – Massive Attack

1995: Sir Alec Douglas-Home dies aged 92, 32 years to the day after he became prime minister.

1996: Scotland object to temporary floodlights for a World Cup qualifier against Estonia in Tallinn. FIFA brings the game forward to an afternoon kick off but the home team refuse to turn up and Scotland kick off as the only team on the pitch. The game is abandoned and has to be played at a neutral venue (Monaco).

2011: Paul McCartney marries Nancy Shevell in a civil ceremony at Old Marylebone Town Hall.

2012: Teenage activist Malala Yousafzai is shot three times by a Taliban gunman as she sits on her school bus in the Swat district of northwest Pakistan.

2015: Former Tory government minister Geoffrey Howe dies aged 88. On the same day, broadcaster Gordon Honeycombe dies aged 79.

2017: Film producer Harvey Weinstein is fired from The Weinstein Company after allegations of sexual abuse.

2019: Turkey launches air strikes on Kurdish forces in Northern Syria after US President Donald Trump pulls back American forces.

2020: The UN’s World Food Programme is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

BIRTHDAYS: Bill Tidy, cartoonist, 89; The Duke of Kent, 87; Brian Blessed, actor, 86; John Pilger, journalist, 83; Nona Hendryx, singer, 78; Jackson Browne, singer-songwriter, 74; Sharon Osbourne, TV personality/Ozzy’s manager, 70; Tony Shalhoub, actor, 69; James Fearnley, accordionist (The Pogues) 68; Scott Bakula, actor, 68; Steve Ovett, athlete, 67; Michael Pare, actor, 64; Guillermo del Toro, director, 58; David Cameron, former prime minister, 56; Mat Osman, guitarist (Suede) 55; Steve McQueen, director, 53; P J (Polly Jean) Harvey, singer-songwriter, 52; Sean Ono Lennon, musician, 47; Mark Viduka, footballer, 47; Nicky Byrne, singer (Westlife) 44; Brandon Routh, actor, 43; Chris O’Dowd, actor, 43; Jess Phillips, Labour MP, 41; Jonny Williams, footballer, 29; Bella Hadid, model, 26.