1482: Tatars plunder Kiev, Ukraine.
1535: French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal).
1557: Death of Jacques Cartier aged 65.
1695: The French garrison of castle Namur surrenders to the army of the Grand Alliance under the command of William III of England.
1715: Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
1854: Birth of composer Engelbert Humperdinck in Westphalia, Germany.
1858: The first transatlantic cable fails after less than a month.
1866: The last Navaho chief, Manuelito, turns himself in at Fort Wingate. On the same day, champion boxer James J. Corbett is born in San Francisco.
1875: Birth of author Edgar Rice Burroughs in Chicago.
1892: Liverpool play their first competitive match at Anfield.
1898: Lord Kitchener’s troops attack Omdurman, Sudan.
1901: Construction begins on the New York Stock Exchange.
1908: Tottenham Hotspur play their first match in the Football League, beating Wolves 3-0 in front of 20,000 at White Hart Lane.
1913: George Bernard Shaw’s “Androcles & the Lion” premieres in London.
1914: Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris.
1916: Bulgaria declares war on Romania.
1918: US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia.
1920: France creates Greater Lebanon.
1923: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo and Yokohama in Japan, killing 142,000 people.
1925: Pierre de Coubertin steps down as chairman of International Olympic Committee.
1928: Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zog I as king.
1938: Benito Mussolini cancels the civil rights of Italian Jews.
1939: German forces invade Poland. In the “scoop of the century,” Daily Telegraph journalist Clare Hollingworth is the first to report the outbreak of the Second World War. On the same day, Adolf Hitler orders the extermination of the mentally ill through the “T4 Euthanasia Program,” arguing that wartime “was the best time for the elimination of the incurably ill”. Also, Switzerland proclaims neutrality.
1943: Chiang Kai-shek again becomes Chairman of the Nationalist Government of China.
1944: George VI promotes Bernard Montgomery to Field Marshal.
1948: Communists form the North China People’s Republic.
1951: Israeli prime minister David Ben Gurion orders the establishment of secret service Mossad.
1954: Release of the Alfred Hitchcock film Rear Window starring James Stewart and Grace Kelly.
1955: Two Egyptian fighters are shot down over Israel.
1960: The Government announces that Britain’s first betting shops will be allowed to open for business from May next year. On the same day, German sprinter Armin Hary wins the 100m gold medal in 10.2 at the Rome Olympics. He is the first non American to do so in 32 years.
- Apache – The Shadows
- Please Don’t Tease – Cliff Richard
- A Mess Of Blues – Elvis Presley
- Because They’re Loved – Duane Eddy
- When Will I Be Loved – The Everly Brothers
- If She Should Come To You – Anthony Newley
- Shakin’ All Over – Johnny Kidd and the Pirates
- Love Is Like A Violin – Ken Todd
- As Long As He Needs Me – Shirley Bassey
- Tie Me Kangaroo Down Sport – Rolf Harris
1961: The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate.
1962: 12,000 people die in an earthquake in western Iran. On the same day, the UN announces that the world population has reached 3 billion. Also, Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
1963: Cliff Richard and The Shadows become the first British pop act to perform in Israel.
- Please Please Me – The Beatles
- Meet The Searchers – The Searchers
- Greatest Hits – The Shadows
- Cliff’s Hit Album – Cliff Richard
- West Side Story – Original Soundtrack
- Reminiscing – Buddy Holly
- I’ll Remember You – Frank Ifield
- Summer Holiday – Cliff Richard
- It Happened At The World’s Fair – Elvis Presley
- Concert Sinatra – Frank Sinatra
1967: The Beatles meet at Paul McCartney’s house to decide upon their next course of action following the death of manager Brian Epstein. They elect to postpone a planned trip to India and to begin the already delayed production of the Magical Mystery Tour movie. On the same day, poet Sigfried Sassoon dies aged 80.
1969: King Idris of Libya is deposed after a group of military officers take power and declare the country a republic. Colonel Muammar Gaddafi becomes the country’s new leader.
1970: Failed assassination attempt on King Hussain of Jordan.
1971: The Rolling Stones sue former manager Allen Klein.
1972: American chess grandmaster Bobby Fischer defeats Russian champion Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland. On the same day, Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould wins the 200m freestyle in world record 2:03.56 at the Munich Olympics – her third gold and third record of the Games. Also, Valeriy Borzov of the Soviet Union wins the men’s 100m.
1973: George Foreman retains his WBC & WBA heavyweight boxing titles when he KOs Jose “King” Roman of Puerto Rico in round 1 in Tokyo.
1974: A train accident in Zagreb, Yugoslavia, kills 121.
1975: All political parties are forbidden in Bangladesh. On the same day, five Protestant civilians are killed and seven wounded in a Provisional IRA gun attack on Tullyvallen Orange Hall near Newtownhamilton, Co. Armagh.
1976: With temperatures soaring, the first of 11,500 standpipes are connected in Yorkshire as local reservoirs reach their lowest levels in years.
1977: Tracy Austin, at 14 years, 8 months, 20 days, becomes the youngest female to play in the US Open tennis.
1979: Pioneer 11 makes the first fly-by of Saturn.
1983: The USSR is accused of shooting down a South Korean civilian airliner which is missing off Russia’s eastern coast. On the same day, guitarist Mick Jones is fired from The Clash.
1985: A US-French expedition locates the wreckage of HMS Titanic off Newfoundland.
1987: Michael Chang becomes the youngest man aged 15 to win a match at the US Open when he beats Australian Paul McNamee in four sets.
1995: New York reinstates the death penalty.
1996: David Beckham makes his international debut in Glenn Hoddle’s first match as manager as England defeat Moldova 3-0 in a World Cup qualifier in Chişinău.
2001: England beat Germany 5-1 in a World Cup qualifier in Munich. On the same day, sports commentator Brian Moore dies aged 69.
2004: Armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan. On the same day, Libertines guitarist Pete Doherty is given a suspended four month jail sentence after admitting possession of a flick knife. Also, “Vera Drake” directed by Mike Leigh and starring Imelda Staunton wins the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.
2006: Luxembourg becomes the first country to complete the move to all digital television broadcasting.
2007: Supergrass are forced to put all plans on hold when bassist Mick Quinn beaks his back after sleepwalking out of a first floor window at a villa where he was staying in the South of France.
2008: The Spring Temple Buddha statue of Vairocana Buddha, then the world’s tallest statue at 128m (420 ft), is completed in Zhaocun township, Henan, China.
2011: Green Day singer/guitarist and songwriter Billy Joe Armstrong is thrown off a domestic US flight because his pants are “too low”.
2012: Two suicide bombings kill 12 people and wound 50 in a NATO base in Afghanistan’s Sayed Abad district. On the same day, Lyricist Hal David dies aged 91.
2013: Gareth Bale transfers from Tottenham Hotspur to Real Madrid for an estimated world record fee of £85.3 million. On the same day, boxer and Rocky V actor Tommy Morrison dies from AIDS aged 44.
2015: Pope Francis tells priests to pardon women who have had an abortion, in a letter released by the Vatican.
2017: Kenyan Chief Justice David Maraga invalidates the re-election of President Uhuru Kenyatta.
2019: Saudi-led coalition air strikes on the Yemen city of Dhamar kill more than 100 people according to the Red Cross.
BIRTHDAYS: Alan Dershowitz, lawyer/writer, 83; Lily Tomlin, actress, 82; Barry Gibb, singer/songwriter/producer, 75; Greg Errico, drummer (Sly and the Famuly Stone), 75; Bruce Foxton, bassist/singer (The Jam), 66; Gloria Estefan, singer, 64; Ruud Gullit, footballer/manager, 59; Tony Cascarino, footballer/broadcaster, 59; Steve Pemberton, actor/writer, 54; Rachel Zoe, fashion designer, 50; Omar Rodríguez-López, guitarist/songwriter (The Mars Vola/At The Drive In), 46; Babydaddy, (Scot Hofman), bassist (Scissor Sisters), 45; Lara Pulver, actress, 41; Darren Harriott, comedian, 33; Daniel Sturridge, footballer, 32; Zendaya (Coleman), actress/singer, 25.