1547: The English demand that Edward VI, aged 10, marry Mary, Queen of Scots (5).
1659: Birth of English composer Henry Purcell in Westminster.
1823: Simon Bolivar is named President of Peru.
1838: Hector Berlioz’s opera “Benvenuto Cellini” premieres in Paris.
1863: George Bizet’s opera “Les Pêcheurs de Perles” premieres in Paris.
1894: London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving.
1897: A sheriff’s posse kills 20 unarmed immigrant miners in Lattimer, Pennsylvania.
1898: Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
1910: Great Idaho Fire destroys 3 million acres of timber.
1919: China becomes a member of the League of Nations.
1923: Irish Free state joins the League of Nations.
1926: Germany joins the League of Nations.
1931: Lord Cecil of British government says war was never so improbable.
1933: England’s Fred Perry wins the US National Cha,pionship, beating Jack Crawford of Australia 6-3, 11-13, 4-6, 6-0, 6-1,
1939: Canada declares war on Germany.
1940: Buckingham Palace is damaged by a German bomb.
1942: British troops land on Madagascar. On the same day, the RAF drops 100,000 bombs on Dusseldorf.
1945: Norwegian leader Vidkun Quisling is sentenced to death for collaborating with the Nazis.
1951: Britain begins an economic boycott of Iran.
1954: Singles chart:
- Little Things Mean A Lot – Kitty Kallen
- Three Coins In The Fountain – Frank Sinatra
- Cara Mia – David Whitfield with Mantovani
- My Friend – Frankie Laine
- Hold My Hand – Don Cornell
- Smile – Nat King Cole
- Wanted – Al Martino
- The Black Hills Of Dakota – Doris Day
- Idle Gossip – Perry Como
- Secret Love – Doris Day
1960: Ethiopian Abele Bikila wins the marathon at the Rome Olympics in world record time (2:15:16.2).
1961: German driver Wolfgang von Trips and 13 spectators die when his Ferrari crashes into the crowd at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. The race is won by Ferrari’s other driver Phil Hill, who becomes the first American to win the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1962: The BBC bans the single ‘Monster Mash’ by Bobby ‘Boris’ Pickett and the Crypt Kickers saying it is offensive.
1963: American Express opens a credit card service in Britain.’s
1966: Muhammad Ali TKOs Karl Mildenberger in Round 12 for the heavyweight boxing title.
1967: Elvis Presley recorded Jerry Reed’s ‘Guitar Man’ at RCA studios in Nashville. On the same day, Gibraltar votes 12,138 to 44 to remain British.
1972: Three British soldiers are killed in a land mine attack near Dungannon, Co Tyrone. On the same day, American Frank Shorter wins the marathon at the Munich Olympics. Also, Cuban boxer Teófilo Stevenson wins the first of three consecutive Olympic heavyweight gold medals when Munich Games opponent Ion Alexe of Romania withdraws from the final because of a broken thumb.
1973: Two IRA bombs explode at Kings Cross and Euston. On the same day, Muhammad Ali defeats Ken Norton.
1977: Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of torture and murder, is the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.
1978: Lotus driver Mario Andretti wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with a sixth place at the Italian Grand Prix. Team mate Ronnie Peterson, 34, crashes and dies.
1983: Larry Holmes TKOs Scott Frank in Round 5 for the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Martina Navratilova beats Chris Evert-Lloyd 6-1, 6-3 for her first US Open singles title.
1985: Scotland manager Jock Stein suffers a fatal heart attack as his team draws against Wales in a World Cup qualifier at Ninian Park, Cardiff.
1988: Television presenters Mike Smith and Sarah Greene are seriously injured when a helicopter piloted by Smith crashes in Gloucestershire. On the same day, Steffi Graf wins her first US title and completes the Grand Slam, beating Gabriela Sabatini 6-3, 3-6, 6-1.
1990: Iran agrees to resume diplomatic relations with Iraq.
2000: One British paratrooper is killed and 11 injured during a mission to rescue six Royal Irish Regiment soldiers being held hostage in the Sierra Leone jungle.
- Sing When Your Winning – Robbie Williams
- Born To Do It – Craig David
- Ronan – Ronan Keating
- The Marshall Mathers MP – Eminem
- In Blue – The Corrs
- Northern Star – Melanie C
- White Ladder – David Gray
- Gold…The Best Of – Spandau Ballet
- Play – Moby
- The Greatest Hits – Whitney Houston
2002: Switzerland joins the United Nations.
2005: Glamour model Katie Price marries singer Peter Andre. On the same day, television presenter Kate Garraway marries former political lobbyist Derek Draper.
2007: Actress Jane Wyman, first wife of Ronald Reagan, dies aged 90.
2008: The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in the history of mankind is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.
2012: Andy Murray wins the US Open, his first Grand Slam title, beating Novak Djokovic 7-6, 7-5, 2-6, 3-6, 6-2.
2015: Northern Ireland’s First Minister Peter Robinson resigns in the wake of the killing of former Provisional IRA member Kevin McGuigan.
2016: Actress Anna Camp marries Pitch Perfect co-star Skylar Astin in California.
2018: California passes a law committing to carbon-free electricity sources by 2045. On the same day, South Carolina issues a mandatory evacuation order affecting one million people ahead of Hurricane Florence.
2019: US President Donald Trump fires his third national security adviser John Bolton. On the same day, Iranian woman Sahar Khodayari dies after setting herself on fire during her trial for entering a stadium disguised as a man in Tehran.
BIRTHDAYS: Roy Ayres, jazz vibes player, 80; Jose Feliciano, singer/guitarist, 75; Judy Geeson, actress, 72; Barrie Barlow, drummer (Jethro Tull) 71; Don Powell, drummer (Slade) 70; Joe Perry, guitarist (Aerosmith) 70; Amy Irving, actress, 67; Pat Mastelotto, drummer (King Crimson) 65; Johnnie Fingers (Moylett), keyboards (The Boomtown Rats) 64; Carol Decker, singer (T’Pau) 63; Siobhan Fahey,, singer (Bananarama/Shakespeare’s Sister) 63; Colin Firth, actor, 60; Guy Ritchie, director, 52; Ryan Phillippe, actor, 46; Mikey Way, bassist (My Chemical Romance) 40; Matthew Followill, guitarist (Kings of Leon) 36.