1297: Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the Engllish at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
1390: Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius during the Lithuanian Civil War.
1541: Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
1649: Oliver Cromwell’s forces kills 3,000 royalists at the Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland.
1697: Forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks at the Battle of Zenta, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe.
1709: An English, Austrian and Dutch Great Alliance defeat France at the Battle at Malplaquet during the War of the Spanish Succession.
1714: French and Spanish troops under the Duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona.
1758: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years’ War at the Battle of Saint Cast.
1773: Benjamin Franklin writes: “There never was a good war or bad peace.”
1777: Americans lose to the British at the Battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania.
1792: The Hope diamond (known then as the French Blue gem) is stolen with other French crown jewels from Royal storehouse in Paris.
1814: After six days, the Americans defeat the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812. On the same day, the American Navy defeats the British at the Battle of Lake Champlain.
1857: Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah.
1885: Birth of author D H Lawrence in Notts.
1890: John Ball becomes the first Englishman and first amateur to win the US Open golf.
1895: The FA Cup stolen from the shop window of a Birmingham boot and shoe manufacturer.
1906: Gandhi coins the term “Satyagraha” to characterize the non-violence movement in South Africa.
1909: Max Wolf rediscovers Halley’s comet.
1914: W C Handy publishes his most famous composition “St Louis Blues”.
1916: German troops conquer Kavalla, Greece. On the same day, in Canada, the Quebec Bridge’s central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men.
1922: The British mandate of Palestine begins.
1926: Spain leaves the League of Nations due to Germany joining.
1930: An eruption of the volcano Stromboli on Sicily throws two-ton basaltic rocks two miles.
1937 American Don Budge wins his first of two straight US National tennis titles, beating Gottfried von Cramm of Germany 6-1, 7-9, 6-1, 3-6, 6-1.
1939: Iraq and Saudi Arabia declare war on Nazi Germany.
1941: President Franklin D Roosevelt orders the US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight. On the same day, construction of the Pentagon begins in Arlington County, Virginia.
1942: “Five on a Treasure Island” the first of Enid Blyton’s “Famous Five” children’s novels, is published.
1943: Allied armed forces conquer Salerno, Italy. On the same day, the Jewish ghettos of Minsk and Lida Belorussia are liquidated.
1944: A reconnaissance squadron of the US 5th Armoured Division “Victory Division” is the first allied force to enter Nazi-Germany.
1945: Japanese prime minister Hideki Tojo attempts suicide rather than face a war crimes tribunal. He fails and is later hanged. On the same day, physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis in The Netherlands.
1951: Igor Stravinsky’s opera “The Rake’s Progress,” premieres in Venice. On the same day, Florence Chadwick becomes the first woman to swim the English Channel from England to France.
1952: Ahmet Ertegun begins recording his newest signing, 21-year old Ray Charles, at Atlantic Records on West 56th St in New York.
1955: Juan Manuel Fangio in a Mercedes wins the season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza to take his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1960: On the last day of the Games, Wilma Rudolph confirms her place in sporting history with a third Olympic gold medal in Rome as anchor of the US 4×100 relay team.
1961: Founding of the World Wildlife Fund.
1962: The Beatles return to EMI Studios in Abbey Road for a third attempt at recording their first single Love Me Do, this time with Ringo Starr finally allowed to play drums by producer George Martin after insisting that session musician Andy White played drums at the previous session. One was eventually used on the single while the other version went onto the Please Please Me album. There are still conflicting claims over which is which.
1964: A Mick Jagger lookalike competition at Greenwhich Town Hall is won by his 16-year old brother Chris.
1966: Album chart:
- Revolver – The Beatles
- The Sound Of Music – Original Soundtrack
- Pet Sounds – The Beach Boys
- Portrait – The Walker Brothers
- Blonde On Blonde – Bob Dylan
- The Mamas and Papas – Mamas and Papas
- Summer Days (And Summer Nights) – The Beach Boys
- Paradise Hawaiian Style – Elvis Presley
- Blues Breakers – John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers with Eric Clapton
- From Nowhere… – The Troggs
1967: Filming begins for The Beatles film Magical Mystery Tour. On the same day, fights break out on the border between India and China.
1971: Soviet premier, Nikita Khrushchev, dies of a heart attack aged 77.
1972: The Olympic Games close in Munich.
1973: President Salvador Allende of Chile – the world’s first democratically-elected Marxist head of state – dies in a revolt led by his armed forces.
1978: Dissident Bulgarian writer and broadcaster Georgi Markov dies of blood poisoning four days after claimed he was stabbed with an umbrella at a London bus stop. On the same day, the last known person dies of smallpox. Medical photographer Janet Parker is infected in a laboratory in Birmingham.
1980: The Marlborough diamond is stolen from a jewellers in Knightsbridge.
On TV today (Thursday):
|09.30||The Princess of Tombosa|
|11.30||The White Stone|
|11.55||Barney Google and Snuffy Smith|
|13.00||News at One|
|13.30||For Maddie with Love|
|15.15||The Liberal Party Assembly|
|16.15||Little House on the Prairie|
|17.15||Mr and Mrs|
|17.45||News at 5.45|
|18.35||Battlestar Galactica |
Starring Denis Waterman and George Cole
|22.00||News at Ten followed by Thames News Headlines|
|22.30||Boy with the Transistor Radio|
|23.00||Lou Grant |
US series starring Ed Asner.
|13.00||Pebble Mill at One|
|15.53||Regional News (exc London)|
|16.40||The Red Hand Gang|
|17.05||John Craven’s Newsround|
|19.20||Top of the Pops |
Jimmy Savile and Richard Skinner introduce Ian Dury and the Blockheads, Judas Priest, Shakin Stevens, Splodgenessabounds, Split Enz and Kelly Marie with dancing by Legs & Co.
|19.55||Blankety Blank |
Terry Wogan with panellists including Paul Daniels, Parick Moore and Maureen Lipman
|20.30||Yes Minister |
Comedy series starring Paul Eddington and Nigel Hawthorne
|21.00||Nine O’Clock News|
|23.10||All About Books|
|23.45||News and Weather/Regional News|
|09.00||Liberal Party Assembly|
|11.25||Liberal Party Assembly|
|19.35||Film: The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (1943) |
Classic Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger film starring Anton Walbrook, Deborah Kerr and Roger Livesey.
|22.15||Leap In The Dark |
Supernatural tale starring Brian Blessed
1982: Chris Evert wins her sixth and final US Open tennis title, beating Hana Mandlíková of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-1.
1987: Reggae star Peter Tosh is shot dead at his home in Kingston, Jamaica.
1994: Actress Jessica Tandy dies aged 85.
1996: Noel Gallagher goes home half way through an Oasis tour of the US after a fight with brother Liam.
1997: After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament within the UK.
1998: The Commonwealth Games open in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
2001: In the biggest attack on US soil in 60 years, terrorists fly two hijacked planes into the World Trade Centre in New York, destroying the twin towers and killing more than 4,000 people. Meanwhile, another hijacked passenger jet is crashed into the Pentagon. A fourth hijacked plane crashes into a field near Pittsburg after passengers fight back against their captors.
2003: Swedish Foreign Minister, Anna Lindh, dies after being stabbed in a department store in Stockholm. On the same day, Tommy Chong, one-half of the comedy team of Cheech and Chong, was sentenced to nine months in federal prison and fined $20,000 for selling drug paraphernalia over the internet.
2004: Fred Ebb, lyricist for the songs New York New York and Chicago dies in New York from a heart attack.
2005: Thirty-eight years of military rule come to an end as Israeli soldiers pull out of the Gaza strip.
2007: Jazz keyboardist/composer Joe Zawinul dies aged 74.
2011: Singles chart:
- All About Tonight – Pixie Lott
- Moves Like Jagger – Maroon 5 ft Christina Aguilera
- All Fired Up – The Saturdays
- Collide – Leona Lewis ft Avicii#
- Stay Awake – Example
- Heart Skips A Beat – Olly Murs ft Rizzle Kicks
- Feel So Close – Calvin Harris
- Jar Of Hearts – Christina Perri
- Party All Night (Sleep All Day) – Sean Kingston
- You Need Me I Don’t Need You – Ed Sheeran
2012: The US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is stormed, looted and burned down, killing five people, including the US ambassador.
2014: Songwriter, manager, and record producer Bob Crewe, who co-wrote a string of hits for the Four Seasons, dies aged 83. On the same day, South African athlete Oscar Pistorius is found not guilty of murdering his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp (he is later found guilty of culpable homicide).
2018: American-backed militia begins a final push to oust militants from Hajin, Syria, the last area under Islamic State control.
2020: Toots Hibbert, frontman of legendary reggae band Toots and the Maytals, dies age 77 after being taken to hospital with COVID symptoms.
BIRTHDAYS: Brian De Palma, director/screenwriter, 81; Mickey Hart, drummer (The Grateful Dead), 78; Leo Kottke, guitarist, 76; Franz Beckenbauer, footballer, 76; Julie Covington, singer/actress, 75; Bob Catley, singer (Magnum), 74; Tommy Shaw, guitarist (Styx) 68; Jon Moss, drummer (Culture Club) 64; Mick Talbot, keyboards, (The Style Council), 63; Virginia Madsen, actress, 60; Moby, (Richard Hall) producer/vocalist, 56; Bashar al-Assad, president pf Syria, 56; Harry Connick Jr, singer/actor, 54; Slavnen Bilić , footballer/manager, 53; Taraji P Henson, actress, 51; Clive Lewis, MP, politician, 50; Richard Ashcroft, singer-songwriter (The Verve) 50; Johnny Vegas (Michael Pennington), comedian/actor. 50; Jonny Buckland, guitarist (Coldplay) 44; Ludacris, (Chris Bridges), rapper, 44; Elizabeth Henstridge, actress, 34; Jordan Ayew, footballer, 30.