1297: Scottish rebel William Wallace defeated the English at Stirling Bridge.
1777: The British beat the Americans commanded by George Washington at the battle of Brandywine Creek in the American War of Independence.
1841: The London to Brighton commuter express train began a regular service.
1885: DH Lawrence was born in Eastwood, Notts.
1895: The FA Cup was stolen from football outfitters William Shillock in Birmingham – 68 years later an 83-year-old man confessed that he had melted it down to make counterfeit half-crown coins.
1914: WC Handy published his song St Louis Blues.
1915: The first Women’s Institute was formed in Anglesey.
1928: The world’s first television play was transmitted live by station WGY in New York. The Queen’s Messenger had only two characters, but there were four actors as the cameras could not be moved around.
1944: American troops entered Luxenbourg.
1972: BBC TV quiz Mastermind was first transmitted.
1978: Bulgarian defector Georgi Markov was stabbed by a poisoned umbrella point wielded by an unknown secret agent at a London bus-stop.
2001: 2,977 people – 67 of them British – were killed when passenger jets hijacked by al-Qaida terrorists struck the twin towers of the World Trade Centre in New York and the Pentagon outside Washington. A fourth hijacked plane crashed into a field in Pennsylvania.
2012: Andy Murray capped an astonishing year by finally clinching his first Grand Slam title – the US Open – a month after being crowned Olympic champion.
BIRTHDAYS: Brian De Palma, film director, 79; Franz Beckenbauer, football legend, 74; Roger Uttley, former rugby player/coach, 70; Amy Madigan, actress, 69; Virginia Madsen, actress, 58; Moby, (Richard Neville Hall) musician, 54; Harry Connick Jr, singer and actor, 52; Richard Ashcroft, rock singer, 48.