It happened today – this day in history – September 13

122AD: Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall.

1503: Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.

1574: The Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis.

1660: Novelist Daniel Defoe is born in London.

1743: Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms.

1759: The British beat French forces at the Plains of Abrahams, Quebec.

1845: Chemist Michael Faraday discovers the influence of a magnetic field on polarized light. It becomes known as the Faraday Effect.

1847: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City in the American-Mexican War.

1849: Tom McCoy is the first fatality in a US prize fight.

1866: Willie Park Sr. wins the British Open golf at Prestwick.

1874: Composer and artist Arnold Schoenberg is born in Vienna.

1882: British troops invade Egypt.

1894: Writer J. B. Priestly is born in Bradford.

1898: 20,000 construction workers go on strike in Paris.

1900: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War.

1906: The first airplane flight in Europe.

1907: The RMS Lusitania arrives in New York City aftera record five-day crossing of Atlantic.

1916: Author Roald Dahl is born in Cardiff.

1931: Capt G H Stainworth flies world speed record of 655kph.

1942: German forces attack Stalingrad.

1943: The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by the Luftwaffe.

1944: Amon Goth is removed as head of Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp by the SS for stealing state property. He is executed by hanging on the same day in 1946.

1947: T-Bone Walker records the song Stormy Monday.

1952: Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez is elected president of Mexico.

1955: Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro.

1956: Igor Stravinsky’s “Canticum Sacrum,” premieres in Venice.

1957: Singles chart:

  1. Diana – Paul Anka
  2. Last Train To San Fernando – Johnny Duncan and the Bluegrass Boys
  3. Love Letters In The Sand – Pat Boone
  4. Island In The Sun – Harry Belafonte
  5. Water Water – Tommy Steele and the Steelmen
  6. All Shook Up – Elvis Presley
  7. With All My Heart – Petula Clark
  8. Paralysed – Elvis Presley
  9. I Love You So Much It Hurts – Charlie Gracie
  10. Bye Bye Love – The Everly Brothers

1958: 18-year old Cliff Richard makes his British TV debut on Jack Good’s ‘Oh Boy’, performing Move It. Before being allowed to appear on the show, he is ordered to remove his sideburns.


1959: South Pacific

1959: Album chart:

  1. South Pacific – Original Soundtrack
  2. Gigi – Original Soundtrack
  3. My Fair Lady – Original Broadway Cast
  4. Family Favourites – Russ Conway
  5. A Date With Elvis – Elvis Presley
  6. The Best Of Sellers – Peter Sellers
  7. Look To Your Heart – Frank Sinatra
  8. Cliff – Clif Richard and the Drifters
  9. West Side Story – Original Broadway Cast
  10. The Buddy Holly Story – Buddy Holly and the Crickets

1960: The Federal Communications act in the USA is amended to outlaw payments of cash or gifts in exchange for airplay of records.

1961: The unmanned Mercury-Atlas 4 rocket is launched into Earth orbit.

1963: Graham Nash falls out of The Hollies van as it travelled at 40mph after a gig in Scotland. Nash checked to see if the door was locked, it wasn’t.

1965: The Beatles win their first Grammy Award for Best Group of 1964.

1966: Johannes Balthazar Vorster is sworn in as premier of South Africa.

1967: The Beatles form an electronics company called Fiftyshapes, Ltd. appointing John Alexis Mardas (Magic Alex) to be the company’s director. Alex claimed he could build a 72-track tape machine, instead of the 4-track at Abbey Road (this never materialised). One of his more outrageous plans was to replace the acoustic baffles around Ringo’s drums with an invisible sonic force field.

1969: John Lennon and Yoko Ono fly to Canada to perform at the Rock & Roll Revival Show in Toronto with a scratch band comprising Eric Clapton, Alan White and Klaus Voorman who rehearsed on the plane. On the same day, the Rugby Bag Blues Festival begins featuring King Crimson, Pink Floyd, The Nice, Free and Roy Harper over three days.

1970: The first New York Marathon is won by Gary Muhrcke in 2:31:38.

1971: Two loyalists are mortally injured when the bomb they were preparing explodes prematurely in a house in Bann Street, Belfast.

1977: The second test flight of the Space Shuttle Enterprise.

1980: Hercules, a bear who went missing on a Scottish island in the Outer Hebrides while being filmed for a television commercial is recaptured after 24 days.

1982: Lindy Chamberlain, who claims her nine-week-old daughter Azaria was carried away by a dingo at Ayers Rock appears in court in Australia charged with the baby’s murder.

1985: Nintendo’s Super Mario Bros game first appears.

1989: Archbishop Desmond Tutu leads the biggest anti-apartheid protest march in South Africa.

1990: Iraqi troops storm the residence of the French ambassador in Kuwait.

1993: Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the PLO leader, Yasser Arafat, shake hands on the White House lawn after reaching agreement on a peace deal brokered by President Bill Clinton.

1996: Rapper Tupac Shakur dies after being shot six days earlier in Las Vegas.

2000: Elton John throws a tantrum while set to appear at a sell-out show at the Estoril Casino near Lisbon. Unhappy after the audience were slow in leaving a VIP dinner before the concert, Elton leaves the building and flies home on his private jet without playing a note.

2001: Iain Duncan Smith becomes leader of the Conservative Party.

2006: The shirt worn by George Best when he scored six goals in Manchester United’s 8-2 FA Cup victory at Northampton in February 1970 sells at auction for £24,000.

2010: George Michael is jailed for eight weeks after being convicted of driving under the influence of drugs and possessing cannabis in Hampstead.

2015: Germany introduces temporary border controls to cope with huge migrant numbers.

2017: The International Olympic Committee announces Paris will host the Olympic Games in 2024 and Los Angeles in 2028. On the same day, actress and qualified lawyer Rebel Wilson is awarded $4.56 million in damages in a libel case against Bauer Media in Melbourne, the largest defamation payout in Australia.

2018: Spanish parliament votes to exhume former dictator Francisco Franco from the Valley of the Fallen.

2019: Actress Felicity Huffman is sentenced to 14 days in prison for her role in a US college admissions scandal. On the same day, singer-songwriter/multi-instrumentalist Eddie Money dies aged 70 of cancer.

BIRTHDAYS: Barbara Bain (Mildred Fogel) 90; David Clayton-Thomas, singer (Blood Sweat and Tears), 80; (Winifred) Jacqueline Bissett, actress, 77; Peter Cetera, singer-songwriter (Chicago) 77; Pat Holland, footballer, 71; Don Was (Fagenson), musician/record producer, 69; Dave Mustaine, guitarist, (Megadeth), 58; Zak Starkey, drummer (Oasis/The Who) 56; Jeff Ross (Lifschultz), comedian, 56; Stephen Perkins, drummer (Jane’s Addiction) 54; Michael Johnson, athlete, 54; Tyler Perry, actor/director/screenwriter, 52 Shane Warne, cricketer, 52; Bong Joon-ho, director, 52; Stella McCartney, fashion designer, 50; Alexis Petridis, journalist, 50; Goran Ivanišević, Croatian tennis player, 50; Fiona Apple, singer-songwriter, 44; James Bourne, singer-songwriter/guitarist (Busted) 38; Thomas Müller, German footballer, 32, Niall Horan, singer (One Direction) 28.