It happened today – this day in history – September 13

490BC: The Greeks defeated the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.

1321: Italian poet Dante Alighieri died of malaria.

1759: The British under General Wolfe won the Battle of Quebec but Wolfe was shot and died in the fighting.

1788: New York became federal capital of the new United States of America.

1874: Composer Arnold Schoenberg was born in Vienna. As a triskaidekaphobe (someone afraid of the number 13), he predicted he would die on the 13th at the age of 76 (7+6=13). He did, on July 13, 1951 at 13 minutes to midnight. His last word was “harmony”.

1909: The first performance took place of Oscar Strauss’s The Chocolate Soldier, the operetta based on George Bernard Shaw’s Arms And The Man.

1915: The process for making breakfast cereal flakes was patented by Frank Martin, as previously the combination of corn, oats and grain had proved indigestible for the public.

1944: William Heath Robinson, the English artist known for his drawings of complex machinery which performed simple tasks, died.

1957: The Mousetrap became Britain’s longest running play, reaching its 1,998th performance.

1985: The World Health Organisation declared Aids to be a worldwide epidemic.

1996: Hip hop star Tupac Shakur dies of gunshot wounds suffered in a drive-by shooting in Las Vegas.

2008: Hurricane Ike ravaged parts of Texas and Louisiana with 110mph gusts of wind and torrential rain.

BIRTHDAYS: Jacqueline Bisset, actress, 75; Don Was, music producer, 67; Bobby Davro, comedian, 61; Zak Starkey, rock musician (Oasis/The Who), 54; Michael Johnson, former athlete, 52; Shane Warne, cricketer, 50; Goran Ivanisevic, former tennis player, 48; Stella McCartney, fashion designer, 48; Niall Horan, singer (One Direction), 26.

Subscribe to get your latest local news articles by email each day...

Or click here to subscribe to our weekly digital edition. Your details will be stored to support your experience in line with our privacy policy.

Mick Ferris

Editor Email: [email protected]