It happened today – this day in history – September 14

81AD: Dometian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus.

1662: The Netherlands and England sign a peace treaty.

1741: George Frideric Handel finishes his “Messiah” oratorio after working on it non-stop for 23 days.

1759: Austrian troops occupy Dresden.

1812: The Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn the city.

1814: Francis Scott Key pens the poem “Defence of Fort M’Henry”, later known as “The Star-Spangled Banner” while witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry from a ship in Baltimore harbour.

1852: Death of Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, aged 83.

1854: British and French forces land at Calamita Bay on the Crimean Peninsula, during the Crimean War.

1856: Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters at the Battle of San Jacinto.

1862: Union troops win a tactical victory over Confederate forces at the Battle of Crampton’s Gap during the American Civil War. On the same day, Union troops defeat an outnumbered Confederate force at the Battle of South Mountain.

1868: Golf’s first recorded hole-in-one by Tom Morris at Prestwick’s 8th hole.

1876: Henry Morton Stanley’s expedition leaves Rwanda.

1886: George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents the typewriter ribbon.

1901: Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley succumbs to injuries he sustained from being shot by an anarchist on September 6.

1911: Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin is assassinated in Kiev.

1914: The Lord Kitchener poster “Your country needs you” appears as the front cover design for London Opinion magazine.

1918: Austria-Hungary sends a note to the Allies requesting peace discussions, but the Allies reject the offer.

1923: Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in Round 2 for the heavyweight boxing title. On the same day, Miguel Primo de Rivera becomes dictator of Spain.

1927: Dancer Isadora Duncan is killed aged 50 when her scarf becomes entangled in her car’s wheel.

1930: Nazis gain 107 seats in the German election.

1937: US President Franklin D Roosevelt bans US ships from trading arms with China or Japan.

1938: Graf Zeppelin II, the world’s largest airship, makes its maiden flight.

1948: Groundbreaking ceremony for UN world headquarters in New York.

1949: India’s Constituent Assembly adopts Hindi as an official language.

1951: Prime Minister Clement Attlee opens the largest oil refinery in Europe, at Fawley on Southampton Water.

1953: Nikita Khrushchev is appointed First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

1954: Benjamin Britten’s opera ‘Turn of the Screw’ premieres in Venice.


1955: Little Richard enters a New Orleans recording studio. Things were not going well and during a break, Richard and his producer; Bumps Blackwell go to the Dew Drop Inn for lunch. Richard starts playing the piano in the bar, singing a loud and lewd version of Tutti Frutti. With only 15 minutes left in the session, Richard records the song and coins the phrase, “a-wop-bop-a-loo-bop-a-lop-bam-boom.”

1956: IBM introduces the RAMAC 305, the first commercial computer with a hard drive that uses magnetic disk storage. It weighs over a ton.

1960: The army takes control of the West African state of Congo just 10 weeks after the country was granted independence.

1963: Mary Ann Fischer of Aberdeen, South Dakota, gives birth to America’s first surviving quintuplets.

1968: Roy Orbison’s house in Nashville burns down, killing his two eldest sons.

1971: Two British soldiers are killed in separate shooting incidents in Co Tyrone.

1975: Rembrandt’s “Nightwatch” is slashed and damaged in Amsterdam.

1980: Singles chart:

  1. Feels Like I’m In Love – Kelly Marie
  2. One Day I’ll Fly Away – Randy Crawford
  3. It’s Only Love – Elvis Presley
  4. Masterblaster (Jammin’) – Stevie Wonder
  5. Start – The Jam
  6. Eighth Day – Hazel o’Connor
  7. Ashes To Ashes – David Bowie
  8. Modern Girl – Sheena Easton
  9. Dreamin’ – Cliff Richard
  10. Another One Bites The Dust – Queen
1980: Gary Numan – Telekon

Album chart:

  1. Never For Ever – Kate Bush
  2. Signing Off – UB40
  3. Telekon – Gary Numan
  4. Manilow Magic – Barry Manilow
  5. I’m No Hero – Cliff Richard
  6. Flesh And Blood – Roxy Music
  7. Blizzard Of Oz – Ozzy Osbourne
  8. Give Me The Night – George Benson
  9. Hanx – Stiff Little Fingers
  10. Now We May Begin – Randy Crawford

1981: Teenager Marcus Sarjeant, 17, pleads guilty to a charge under the 1848 Treason Act after firing two blank shots at The Queen during the Trooping of the Colour ceremony in June. He is jailed for five years. On the same day, The Rolling Stones play a secret pre-tour warm-up show at the Sir Morgan’s Cove club in Worcester, Mass, as Little Boy Blue & The Cockroaches.

1982: Princess Grace of Monaco dies of injuries sustained in a car crash near Monte Carlo the previous day.

1984: Actress Janet Gaynor (Laura Augusta Gainor) dies aged 77 from injuries she sustained in an auto accident two years earlier.

1985: Two days after the British Government ordered the expulsion of 25 alleged Soviet spies, prompted by the defection of KGB chief Oleg Gordievsky, the USSR retaliates by throwing out 25 British nationals.

1991: “The Fisher King” directed by Terry Gilliam wins the People’s Choice Award at the Toronto International Film Festival.

1993: British tourist Gary Colley is murdered and his girlfriend injured during an attempted mugging in Florida.

1994: Singer Steve Earle is sentenced to a year in jail after being found guilty of possession of crack cocaine.

1995: Paul McCartney’s hand-written lyrics to the song Getting Better fetches £161,000 at Sotheby’s.

1998: “The Royle Family” written and starring Caroline Aherne and Craig Cash, premieres on BBC2.

2003: Estonia approves joining the European Union in a referendum while Sweden rejects adopting the Euro.

2005: Britney Spears gives birth to a baby boy by Caesarean section at UCLA Medical Centre, Santa Monica.

2009: Actor Patrick Swayze dies aged 57 from cancer. On the same day, celebrity chef Keith Floyd dies from a heart attack aged 65.

2015: Texan student Ahmed Mohamed, 14, is arrested at school when a home-made clock he made for a science project is assumed to be a bomb.

2019: A drone attack on Abqaiq oil plant in Saudi Arabia takes out half of the country’s oil production and 5% of the world’s. Yemen Houthi rebels claim responsibility.

2020: Astronomers report the possible sign of life on Venus after detecting phosphine in planet’s atmosphere.

2022: Queen Elizabth II’s coffin is taken from Buckingham Palace to the Palace of Westminster to lie in state, with queues of people stretching for miles waiting to pay their respects. On the same day, singer R Kelly is convicted of further sex crimes in Chicago, including producing child sexual abuse images.

Andrew Lincoln

BIRTHDAYS: Amanda Barrie (Shirley Broadbent), actress, 88; Walter Koenig, actor, 87; Gunter Netzer, German footballer, 79; Martin Tyler, sports commentator, 78; Sam Neill, actor, 76; Beth Nielsen Chapman, singer-songwriter, 65; Mary Crosby, actress, 64; Morten Harket, singer (A-Ha) 64; Melissa Leo, actress, 63; Dmitri Medvedev, Russian politician, 58; John Power, singer, songwriter (Cast/The La’s) 56; Grant Shapps MP, 55; Andrew Lincoln (Clutterbuck) actor, 50; Ben Cohen, rugby union star, 45; Ashley Roberts, singer/dancer (The Pussycat Dolls) 42.