1741: Handel finished writing The Messiah.
1812: Napoleon entered Moscow.
1852: The Duke of Wellington died aged 83.
1886: The typewriter ribbon was patented by George Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee.
1891: The first penalty kick in an English League football game was taken by Heath of Wolverhampton Wanderers against Accrington.
1901: US president William McKinley died in Buffalo, eight days after being shot by an anarchist. He was succeeded by Theodore Roosevelt.
1927: Dancer Isadora Duncan was strangled by her scarf in Nice when the fringe caught in the wheel of a Bugatti sports car.
1964: The Daily Herald newspaper ceased publication and was replaced by The Sun.
1974: Giant pandas Chia-Chia and Ching-Ching, arrived at London Zoo.
1982: Princess Grace of Monaco died after a car crash.
BIRTHDAYS: Amanda Barrie, actress, 84; Sam Neill, actor, 72; Mary Crosby, actress, 60; Morten Harket, singer (Aha), 60; Kimberly Williams, actress, 48; Andrew Lincoln (real name Clutterbuck), actor, 46; Tinchy Stryder ( Kwasi Danquah ), rapper, 32.