1745: The Jacobites, under the Young Pretender, occupied Edinburgh.
1787: Some 39 out of 42 delegates under the chairmanship of George Washington, approved the Constitution of the United States of America.
1827: Wides in cricket were first scored in a Sussex v Kent match.
1894: A Gaiety Girl opened at Day’s Theatre, New York, the first British musical on Broadway.
1908: Lt Thomas Selfridge of the US Army Signal Corps becomes the world’s first military aviation fatality in a plane crash at Fort Meyer, Virginia. Pilot Orville Wright was also seriously injured.
1931: Long-playing records (33rpm) were demonstrated for the first time in New York by RCA-Victor.
1939: The Soviet Union invades Poland.
1944: The British airborne invasion of Arnhem and Eindhoven in the Netherlands began as part of Operation Market Garden. The objective was to secure a bridge over the Rhine but the attempt failed.
1944: Blackout regulations were lifted to allow lights on buses, trains and at railway stations in Britain for the first time for five years.
1961: One of London’s biggest “ban the bomb” demos ended with 830 arrested, including actress Vanessa Redgrave and playwright John Osborne.
1976: NASA unveils its first space shuttle, Enterprise.
1978: Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israel’s Menachem Begin sign the Camp David Accords laying the groundwork for peace between the two nations after 12 days of negotiations at US President Jimmy Carter’s Maryland retreat.
2018: A controversial plan to move a statue of suffragette leader Emmeline Pankhurst from outside Parliament was shelved after a public outcry.
BIRTHDAYS: Stirling Moss, former racing driver, 90; Des Lynam, broadcaster, 77; Billy Bonds, West Ham legend, 73; Damon Hill, former racing driver, 59; Doug E Fresh, rap artist, 53; Ken Doherty, snooker player, 50; Mike Catt, former rugby union player, 48.