19BC: Death of Roman poet Virgil aged 50.
1192: Richard I is captured by Leopold V, Duke of Austria.
1327: Death of Edward II aged 43.
1538: The shrine of Saint Swithun in Winchester is smashed up in the middle of the night as part of the English Reformation.
1621: James I gives Sir William Alexander a royal charter for the colonisation of Nova Scotia.
1677: John and Nicolaas van der Heyden patent the fire extinguisher.
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie beats the government army at the Battle of Preston Pans.
1776: Five days after the British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down.
1792: The National Convention passes a proclamation announcing the formal abolition of the French monarchy.
1860: In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
1866: Author H G Wells is born in Bromley..
1874: Composer Gustav Holst is born in Cheltenham
1893: Frank Duryea drives the 1st American-made gas propelled vehicle.
1895: America’s first automotive producer, the Duryea Motor Wagon Company, is founded by Charles and J. Frank Duryea.
1898: Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days’ Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor.
1903: The first cowboy film “Kit Carson” premieres in the US.
1913: The first aerobatic manoeuvre – sustained inverted flight – is performed in France. On the same day, Turkey and Bulgaria sign a peace treaty in Constantinople.
1915: Cecil Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600.
1922: President Warren G Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1930: Johann Ostermeyer patents the flashbulb.
1934: A typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, killing 4,000.
1936: The Spanish fascist junta names Francisco Franco Generalissimo and Supreme Commander.
1937: The Hobbit by J R R Tolkien is publilshed.
1938: Winston Churchill condemns Hitler’s annexation of Czechoslovakia.
1949: Chinese Communist leaders proclaim the People’s Republic of China.
1955: Britain annexes Rockall, a rocky islet 300 miles west of Scotland to stop the Soviets spying on missile tests. On the same day, in his last fight, undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano KOs light heavyweight Archie Moore in Round 9 in New York.
1957: Olav V becomes king of Norway.
1961: Antonio Abertondo swims the English Channel both ways.
1964: Malta becomes independent from the UK.
1969: Police raid a 100-room mansion in Piccadilly and evict squatters who have occupied the building for six days.
1971: The first edition of ‘The Old Grey Whistle Test’ was aired on BBC2 presented by Richard Williams. The show included clips of Jimi Hendrix and Dylan plus America and Lesley Duncan ‘live’ in the studio.
1972: President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law in The Philippines.
1973: Jackson Pollock’s painting “Blue Poles” sells for $2,000,000.
1974: Mariner 10 makes a second fly-by of the planet Mercury. On the same day, author Jacqueline Susann dies aged 56 from cancer and actor Walter Brennan dies aged 80..
1976: Chilean politician Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C.
1977: US minister of Foreign affairs, Cyrus Vance, is dismissed by President Jimmy Carter.
1978: The Provisional IRA detonates bombs at the RAF airfield near Eglinton, Co Londonderry; the terminal building, two aircraft hangars and four planes are destroyed.
1979: An RAF Harrier jump jet crashes onto houses in Wisbech after a mid air collision, killing two men and a boy.
1980: Bob Marley collapses while jogging in New York’s Central Park. After hospital tests he is diagnosed with stage 4 cancer.
1981: Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from the UK.
1984: Police and miners clash at Maltby colliery in South Yorks in one of the biggest pickets since the strike began.
1985: Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes to become World Heavyweight Boxing Champion. On the same day, CIA case officer Edward Lee Howard flees to Russia after being identified as a KGB agent.
1987: Jazz bassist Jaco Pastorius died from injuries sustained in a fight outside a club in Florida.
1998: American athlete Florence Griffith Joyner dies of an epileptic seizure at 38.
2003: Singles chart:
- Where Is The Love – The Black Eyed Peas
- Sweet Dreams My LA Ex – Rachel Stevens
- White Flag – Dido
- Hey Whatever – Westlife
- Pandora’s Kiss – Louise
- Someday – Nickelback
- Baby Boy – Big Brovaz
- Superstar – Jamelia
- Broken Silence – So Solid Crew
- Eat You Alive – Limp Bizkit
- Permission To Land – The Darkness
- Silence Is Easy – Starsailor
- Reality – David Bowie
- IV – Seal
- Dutty Rock – Sean Paul
- Grand Champ – DMX
- Gotta Get Thru This – Daniel Bedingfield
- Pure – Hayley Westenra
- Elephunk – The Black Eyed Peas
- Come Away With Me – Norah Jones
2006: Bad Company bassist Boz Burrell dies of a heart attack aged 60.
2007: Snoop Dogg was sentenced to three years probation and 160 hours of community service after pleading guilty to carrying a collapsible baton. On the same day, George Clooney is injured in a motorcycle accident in Weehawken, New Jersey.
2008: President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa resigns from office. On the same day, Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel formally resigns from office, effective as soon as his successor Tzipi Livni has successfully assembled a new government.
2013: Comedy actor Andy Samberg marries singer-songwriter Joanna Newsom in Callifornia.
2016: A migrant boat carrying 450-600 people capsizes off the Egyptian coast. Only 163 are rescued. On the same day, songwriter John D. Loudermilk dies aged 82.
2017: Andre Ward, unified light heavyweight champion and pound-for-pound the world’s top boxer, announces his retirement.
BIRTHDAYS: Don Preston, keyboards (The Mothers Of Invention) 78; Don Felder, guitar/vocals (The Eagles) 73; Stephen King, author, 73; Bill Murray, actor, 70; Shinzo Abe, prime minister of Japan, 66; Ethan Coen, filmmaker, 63; Corinne Drewery, singer, (Swing Out Sister) 61; Faith Hill, country singer, 53; Tyler Stewart, drummer, (Barenaked Ladies) 53; Ricki Lake, actress/talk show host, 52; Billy Porter, actor/singer, 51; Alfonso Ribeiro, actor, 49; Luke Wilson, actor, 49; David Silveria, drummer (Korn) 48; Liam Gallagher, singer, 48; Sam Rivers, bass, (Limp Bizkit) 43; Chris Gayle, cricketer, 41; Nicole Richie, TV personality/socialite, 39; Maggie Grace, actress, 37; Joe Wicks, fitness coach, 35; Jason Derulo, singer-songwriter/actor. 31; Allison Scagliotti, actress, 30.