19BC: Virgil, the Roman poet, died.
1327: Edward II was murdered in the dungeon of Berkeley Castle in Gloucestershire to ensure his son Edward III could succeed to the throne.
1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie (Charles Edward Stuart) and his Jacobite army defeated the English at the Battle of Prestonpans.
1756: John McAdam, Scottish surveyor who introduced the “macadam” system of roadmaking, was born in Ayr.
1792: France was declared a Republic and the monarchy abolished.
1857: British forces retook Delhi from Indian mutineers.
1866: Author HG Wells was born in Bromley, Kent.
1915: Stonehenge, and the surrounding 30 acres of land, was sold by Sir Edmund Antrobus to Mr CH Chubb for £6,600 at auction. Chubb presented it to the nation three years later.
1962: The TV quiz programme University Challenge, hosted by Bamber Gascoigne, was first transmitted.
1964: Malta became independent..
1981: Belize, originally known as British Honduras, gained its independence.
BIRTHDAYS: Shirley Conran, writer, 87; Stephen King, novelist, 72; Charles Clarke, politician, 69; Bill Murray, actor, 69; Ethan Coen, film producer and scriptwriter, 62; Simon Mayo, broadcaster, 61; Rob Morrow, actor, 57; Curtly Ambrose, former cricketer, 56; Faith Hill, singer, 52; Ricki Lake, actress and talk show host, 51; Luke Wilson, actor, 48; Liam Gallagher, singer, 47.