63BC: Birth of first Roman emperor Augustus Ceasar in Rome.
1215: Birth of Mongol emperor and founder of the Yuan dynasty, Kublai Khan.
1459: The Battle of Blore Heath in Staffordshire, the first major battle of the Wars of the Roses.
1739: Russia and Turkey sign the Peace of Belgrade.
1803: British-Indian forces beat the Maratha Army at the Battle of Assaye.
1821: Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during the Greek War of Independence.
1830: Dutch troops occupy Brussels.
1862: Otto von Bismarck is appointed Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Prussia by King Wilhelm I.
1879: Richard Rhodes invents a hearing aid called the Audiophone.
1884: Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing.
1889: Death of writer Wilkie (William) Collins, aged 65.
1911: Earl Ovington becomes the first air mail pilot.
1913: Roland Garros is the first to fly over the Mediterranean. On the same day, Serbian troops march into Albania.
1920: Alexander Millerand is elected president of France.
1932: Abdulaziz Ibn Saud merges the Kingdoms of Nejd and Hejaz into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
1938: Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain flies to Munich.
1939: Death of Austrian neurologist and creator of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud at 83.
1940: Abstract painter Piet Mondrian leaves Europe for New York, where he lives for the rest of his life.
1941: General de Gaulle forms a French government in exile in London. On the same day, the first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz concentration camp.
1950: Ralph Bunce becomes the first African-American winner of the Nobel Peace prize for his mediation in Israel.
1951: Suffering from cancer, George VI undergoes an operation to remove part of his lung.
1957: A white mob forces nine black students enrolled at Little Rock’s Central High School in Arkansas to withdraw. On the same day, President Dwight D Eisenhower orders US troops to support the students’ integration at the school.
1958: Igor Stravinsky’s “Thieni” premieres in Venice.
1969: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid” directed by George Roy Hill and starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford premieres.
1970: Chief Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Arthur Young, resigns.
1971: Jan Vermeer’s painting “The Love Letter” is stolen from The Centre for Fine Arts in Brussels.
1973: Juan Peron returns too power in the Argentine general election.
- Eye Level – The Simon Park Orchestra
- Ballroom Blitz – The Sweet
- Angel Fingers – Wizzard
- Monster Mash – Bobby (Boris) Pickett and the Crypt Kickers
- Rock On – David Essex
- Oh No, Not My Baby – Rod Stewart
- Angie – The Rolling Stones
- Nutbush City Limits – Ike and Tina Turner
- For The Good Times – Perry Como
- All The Way From Memphis – Mott The Hoople
- Goats Head Soup – The Rolling Stones
- Sing It Again Rod – Rod Stewart
- Aladdin Sane – David Bowie
- We Can Make It – Peters And Lee
- Now And Then – The Carpenters
- Hunky Dory – David Bowie
- Mott – Mott The Hoople
- The Beatles 1967-70 – The Beatles
- The Rise And Fall Of Ziggy Stardust And The Spiders From Mars – David Bowie
- And I Love You So – Perry Como
1974: Robbie McIntosh, drummer with the Average White Band dies at a Hollywood party after he inhales a white powder thought to be cocaine but was actually pure heroin. Also on this day, BBC Ceefax begins the first teletext service.
1976: A fire on HMS Glasgow, one of the Royal Navy’s latest guided missile destroyers kills eight men.
1980: Bob Marley collapses on stage during a concert at the Stanley Theatre in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This was the last time he would ever perform on stage.
1982: Amin Gemayel is sworn in as President of Lebanon.
1987: An Australian court lifts the ban on the publication of former MI5 officer Peter Wright’s autobiography, Spycatcher. On the same day, choreographer Bob Fosse, dies aged 62.
1988: Portuguese world champion Rosa Mota wins the women’s marathon at the Seoul Olympics.
1994: Author Robert Bloch dies from cancer aged 77.
1999: NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
2000: British rower Steve Redgrave makes Olympic history at the Sydney Games by winning his fifth consecutive gold medal.
2004: Suif Jackson, a bodyguard for rapper Lil’ Kim was sentenced to 12 years in prison after admitting firing at least 20 times in a shoot-out with a rival gang at a New York radio station.
2012: Iran blocks the use of Google.
2017: Women are allowed in King Fahd International Stadium in Riyadh for the first time during Saudi Arabia’s 87th anniversary celebrations.
2018: Japan’s space agency is the first to place two robotic explorers on an asteroid – Ryugu, from its Hayabusa-2 spacecraft. On the same day, Indian prime minister Nerendra Modi launches “Modicare”, free healthcare for 500 million, the world’s biggest healthcare program.
2019: Travel company Thomas Cook goes into liquidation, stranding 600,000 travellers worldwide. On the same day, climate activist Greta Thunberg scolds world leaders “How Dare You” for not addressing climate change at the UN Climate Action Summit in New York. Also Grateful Dead lyricist Robert Hunter died aged 78 and a US police officer is fired after arresting two six-year-olds at a school in Florida on charges of misdemeanour battery.
BIRTHDAYS: Henry Blofeld, cricket commentator, 81; Julio Iglesias, singer, 77; Aubrey “Po” Powell, album cover designer, 74; Bruce Springsteen, singer-songwriter, 71; Cherie Blair, lawyer, 66; Paolo Rossi, Italian footballer, 64; Jason Alexander (Greenspan), actor, 61; Clayton Blackmore, footballer, 56; Yvette Fielding, TV presenter, 52; Karl Pilkington, TV personality, 48; Juan Martín del Potro, Argentine tennis player, 32.