1066: William the Conqueror’s Norman troops set sail for England.
1590: Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1601: Louis XIII of France is born in the Palace of Fontainebleau.
1605: The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm.
1779: John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain.
1821: Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as the Spanish withdraw, bringing an end to the Mexican War of Independence.
1822: French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces he has deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone.
1825: George Stephenson’s “Locomotion No. 1” becomes the first steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public railway line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in England.
1908: The first Ford Model T car leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit.
1916: Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu.
1922: King Constantine I of Greece abdicates.
1936: Franco’s troops conquer Toledo during the Spanish Civil War.
1937: The Balinese Tiger is declared extinct.
1938: The ocean liner “Queen Elizabeth” launches at Clydebank.
1939: Warsaw surrenders to Nazi Germany after 19 days of resistance.
1940: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the 10-year formal Axis alliance. On the same day, 55 German aircraft are shot down above England.
1945: Head of the Allied occupation of Japan, General Douglas MacArthur meets Emperor Hirohito of Japan for the first time in Tokyo.
1946: King George II of Greece returns from exile to Athens.
1950: Heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis in 15 rounds at Yankee Stadium, New York.
1953: A typhoon destroys one third of Nagoya, Japan.
1960: Europe’s first travelator opens at Bank station on the London Underground.
1961: Sierra Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN.
1964: The Warren Commission report into the assassination of President John F. Kennedy finds Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone – a conclusion that is still contested to the present day.
1965: Death of American silent screen actress Clara Bow aged 60.
1968: The musical “Hair” opens in London one day after the abolition of theatre censorship. On the same day, French President Charles de Gaulle vetoes the UK’s entry into the common market.
1970: King Hussein of Jordan and the leader of the PLO, Yasser Arafat, agree a ceasefire at a summit of Arab leaders in Cairo after 10 days of civil war in Jordan.
1972: Rory Storm, singer from early 60s Liverpool band Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, died aged 32 after taking an overdose of sleeping pills in a suicide pact with his mother.
1979: Vaudeville star and actress Gracie Fields dies aged 81. Also on this day, former Wings guitarist Jimmy McCullough dies from a heroin overdose in his flat in Maida Vale aged 26.
1980: Marvin Hagler defeats Alan Minter to claim boxing’s world Middleweight championship in London, sparking a riot at the venue.
1986: Metallica bassist Cliff Burton is crushed to death when the band’s tour bus crashes during a European tour between Stockholm and Copenhagen.
1987: Europe wins the Ryder Cup – the first time the US loses on American soil
- Pump Up The Violume – M/A/R/R/S
- Never Gonna Give You Up – Rick Astley
- Bad – Michael Jackson
- Some People – Cliff Richard
- Causing A Commotion – Madonna
- Crockett’s Theme – Jan Hammer
- Full Metal Jacket (I Wanna Be Your Drill Instructor) – Abigail Mead and Nigel Goulding
- House Nation – House Master Boyz and the Rude Boy of House
- I Need Love – L L Cool J
- Hay Matthew – Karel Fialka
- Bad – Michael Jackson
- Popped In Souled Out – Wet Wet Wet
- Wonderful Life – Black
- Dancing With Strangers – Chris Rea
- Actually – Pet Shop Boys
- The Cream Of.. – Eric Clapton
- Now! Smash Hits – Various Artists
- Always Guaranteed – Cliff Richard
- The People Who Grinned Themselves To Death – The Housemartins
- Changing Faces: The Very Best Of – 10cc/Godley and Creme
1988: Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson is stripped of his 100m gold medal and sent home from the Seoul Olympic Games in disgrace after failing a drug test.
1993: Crime series “Cracker” created by Jimmy McGovern and starring Robbie Coltrane debuts on ITV.
1996: Kabul falls to the Taliban.
2001: A gunman runs amok in a central Switzerland government building, killing at least 14 people before turning the gun on himself.
2004: Record producer Phil Spector is formally charged with murder in the 2003 shooting of actress Lana Clarkson.
2008: Pink Floyd’s manager Bryan Morrison dies after spending over two years in a coma following a polo accident.
2012: Death of actor Herbert Lom aged 95.
2014: Mount Ontake erupts in Japan, killing 57. On the same day, actor/director George Clooney marries lawyer Amal Alamuddin in Venice.
2016: Sam Allardyce loses his job as England manager after being filmed in a tabloid newspaper sting advising undercover reporters how to get around FA rules on third-party ownership of footballers, criticising his predecessor Roy Hodgson and the England players and arranging a £400,000 a year speaking engagement contract.
2017: Thai ex-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra is found guilty of criminal negligence in a rice subsidy scheme and sentenced to 5 years in his absence. On the same day, Playboy publisher Hugh Hefner dies aged 91.
2018: Jefferson Airplane singer-songwriter Marty Balin dies at the age of 76.
BIRTHDAYS: Randy Bachman, guitarist/songwriter (Bachman Turner Overdrive) 78; Max Boyce, comedian, 78; Denis Lawson, actor, 74; Dick Advocaat, football manager, 74; Barbara Dickson, singer, 74; Meat Loaf (Marvin Lee Aday) singer/actor, 74; Michele Dotrice, actress, 73; Diane Abbott, Labour MP, 68; Robbie Shakespeare, bassist, 68; irvine Welsh, novelist, 63; Marc Maron, comedian, 58; Anna Richardson, TV presenter, 51; Gwyneth Paltrow, actress, 49; Lil Wayne, (Dwayne Michael Carter) rapper, 39; Anna Camp, actress, 39; Avril Lavigne, singer, 37; Simona Halep, Romanian tennis player, 30; Granit Xhaka, footballer, 29.