1066: William the Conqueror invaded England.
1760: The Russian & Austrian army occupies Berlin
1542: Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo discovered San Diego Bay.
1781: The Battle of Yorktown begins with General George Washington commanding fprces in the most important clash of the American Revolution.
1918: A flu epidemic begins in Philadelphia which eventually kills up to 30 million people.
1895: Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur dies aged 72.
1918: An English private fighting in France spares the life of an injured German soldier. That soldier was Adolph Hitler.
1923: The Radio Times is first published.
1928: Alexander Fleming accidentally discovers penicillin
1953: Death of astronomer Edwin Hubble.
1964: Death of comedian/film star Harpo Marx aged 75
1970: Anwar Sadat becomes acting Egyptian president when General Gamal Abdel Nasser dies of a heart attack aged 52.
1976: Muhammad Ali beats Ken Norton in 15 rounds to reclaim the World Heavyweight Title.
1978: Pope John Paul I [Albino Luciani], 263rd Roman Catholic Pope, dies after just 33 days as pope.
1980: Alan Jones, driving for Williams, clinches the Formula 1 Drivers’ Championship.
1988: Death of President Ferdinand Marcos of The Phillipines.
1991: Death of jazz trumpeter Miles Davis.
1994: More than 800 passengers perish when the Estonia, a car and passenger ferry, sinks in the Baltic Sea.
2016: Death of former Israeli prime minister Shimon Peres aged 93.
BIRTHDAYS: Helen Shapiro, singer, 73; Jon Snow, journalist, 72; Janeane Garofalo, actress, 55; Moon Unit Zappa, actress/writer, 52; Mira Sorvino, actress, 52; Naomi Watts, actress, 51; Dita von Teese (Heather Sweet), burlesque artist, 47; Bam Margera, (Jackass) 40; St Vincent (Annie Clark), musician, 37; Hilary Duff, actress, 32; Marin Cilic, tennis player, 31.