1564: Robert Dudley becomes Earl of Leicester.
1650: Henry Robinson opens the first marriage bureau in the UK
1793: Tennis is first mentioned in a sporting magazine.
1829: The first Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of London.
1911: Italy declares war against Turkey.
1913: Engineer Rudolph Diesel disappears aboard the ship Dresden in the English Channel.
1916: American oil tycoon John D Rockefeller becomes the world’s first billionaire.
1941: Joe Louis wins the heavyweight boxing title, beating Lou Nova.
1944: Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia.
1961: Bob Dylan’s first recording session as a backup harmonica player for Caroline Hester.
1981: Death of legendary football manager Bill Shankly.
1997: Death of pop artist Roy Lichtenstein.
BIRTHDAYS: Jerry Lee Lewis, rock n roll legend, 84; Silvio Berlusconi, Italian politician, 83; Ian McShane, actor, 77; Patricia Hodge, actress, 73; Lord Sebastian Coe, former athlete, 63; Matt and Luke Goss (Bros) musicians, 51; Mackenzie Crook, actor, 48; Robert Webb, actor/comedian/writer,, 47; Per Mertesacker, footballer, 35.