It happened today – this day in history – September 3

301: San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world’s oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.

1189: Richard I is crowned in Westminster.

1651: Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists at the Battle of Worcester.

1658: Richard Cromwell succeeds his father as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth on the death of Oliver Cromwell aged 59.

1725: Britain, France, Hannover and Prussia sign the Covenant of Hannover.

1752: People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives as Britain adopts the Gregorian calendar.

1777: The flag of the United States is flown in battle for the first time at Cooch’s Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during the American Revolutionary War.

1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed to end the American Revolutionary War between Britain and the USA.

1878: British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sinks in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die.

1881: Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony.

1900: Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa.

1914: French troops vacate Rheims.

1916: French counter-attacks on German flanks push their frontline further back at the Battle of Verdun.

1917: The first night bombing of London by German aircraft. On the same day, German troops overrun Riga, Latvia.

1918: Allies force Germans back across the Hindenburg Line.

1924: Civil war breaks out in China.

1935: Malcolm Campbell powers Bluebird to 301.129mph at Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah. The first time a car has exceeded 300mph.

1939: Britain and France declare war on Germany. On the same day, British socialite Unity Mitford, part of Hitler’s inner social circle, attempts suicide by shooting herself. The bullet lodges in her brain and takes nine years to kill her.

1940: The US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease.

1943: The Italian government capitulates as Allied troops invade the mainland. The news is not released for another five days.

1944: French troops liberate Lyon. On the same day, at British tank division frees Brussels.

1950: Giuseppe “Nino” Farina wins the inaugural Formula 1 World Drivers Championship in an Alfa Romeo.

1954: The National Trust purchases Fair Isle in northern Scotland famous for its bird sanctuary and knitted sweaters.

1956: Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee.

1962: Death of poet E. E. Cummings aged 67.


1964: US attorney general Robert Kennedy resigns.

1965: A Rolling Stones gig in Dublin ends in a riot after 30 fans jump onto the stage.

1967: Sweden switches to driving on the right-hand side of road, causing traffic chaos.

1968: After a two week absence, Ringo Starr is persuaded to rejoin The Beatles. Upon his return to the studio, he finds his drum kit covered with flowers to welcome him back.

1970: Al Wilson, guitarist and songwriter with Canned Heat is found dead aged 27 in bandmate Bob Hite’s garden in Topanga Canyon, Los Angeles. On the same day, Arthur Brown is arrested at the Palermo Pop ’70 Festival in Italy and placed in solitary confinement for four days, after he sets fire to his helmet during his hit Fire, and strips naked on stage.

1971: Qatar regains complete independence from Britain. On the same day, a baby girl and a UDR soldier are killed in separate shooting incidents in Northern Ireland.

1972: American swimmer Mark Spitz wins the 100m gold medal in world record 51.22 at the Munich Olympics. Lasse Virén of Finland wins the 10,000m in a world record 27:38.35 and Britain’s Mary Peters wins the pentathlon.

1976: The last protesting inmates at Hull’s top-security prison finally surrender after 67 hours on the rampage. On the same day, Viking 2 soft lands on Mars.

1977: Studio engineer Keith Harwood is killed in a car crash shortly after leaving a recording session with The Rolling Stones.

1978: Singles chart:

  1. Three Times A Lady – The Commodores
  2. Rivers Of Babylon – Boney M
  3. It’s Raining – Darts
  4. Dreadlock Holiday – 10cc
  5. Oh What A Circus – David Essex
  6. Jilted John – Jilted John
  7. You’re The One That I Want – John Travolta and Olivia Newton John
  8. Supernature – Cerrone
  9. British Hustle – Hi Tension
  10. An Everlasting Love – Andy Gibb
1978: The Who – Who Are You

Album chart:

  1. Nightflight To Venus – Boney M
  2. Saturday Night Fever – Original Soundtrack
  3. Classic Rock – The London Symphony Orchestra
  4. Grease – Original Soundtrack
  5. War Of The Worlds – Jeff Wayne
  6. Who Are You – The Who
  7. Star Party – Various Artists
  8. Natural High – The Commodores
  9. 20 Giant Hits – The Nolans
  10. James Galway Plays Songs For Annie – James Galway

1984: One million people are made homeless and 4,353 die as a massive typhoon hits the southern Philippines.

1991: Film director Frank Capra dies aged 94.

On TV (Tuesday)


05.30ITN Morning News



09.55Thames News

10.00The Time… The Place…

10.40This Morning

12.10Rod, Jane and Freddy

12.30ITN News

13.10Thames News

13.20Home And Away

13.50A Country Practice

14.20Take The High Road

14.50Give Us A Clue

15.15ITN News Headlines

15.20Thames News Headlines


15.55Huxley Pig

16.05The Dreamstone

16.30Children’s Ward



17.40ITN News

17.55Thames Help

18.00Home And Away

18.30Thames News


19.30Thames Reports

20.00The Bill

20.30French Fields
Sit com starring Julia McKenzie and Anton Rodgers

21.00Titmuss Regained
Adaptation of the second part of John Mortimer’s Rapstone Chronicles, where a new town development threatens the Rapstone Valley.

22.00News At Ten

22.30Thames News

22.40First Tuesday

23.40Prisoner: Cell Block H


05.204-Tel On View

06.00The Channel 4 Daily

09.25Caribbean Festival


11.00Fragile Earth : Antarctic Warriors

12.00Kennet And Avon

12.30Business Daily

13.00Sesame Street

14.00Sufism : The Heart Of Islam

14.30Film: Mr Denning Drives North (1951)
Mystery starring John Mills

16.15No Dry Run


17.00Owl TV

17.30Class By Class


18.30Happy Days

19.00Channel 4 News followed by Weather



20.30Outside Time

21.00Rear Window

21.45Re-Play : A Future In Fish

22.00Film: A Deadly Silence (1989)
TV movie. When a father of three is murdered in a seemingly motiveless crime, a disturbing picture of his home life begins to emerge..

23.50The Dick Powell Theatre


06.00Ceefax Pages

06.30Breakfast News

09.05Hospital Watch
A week in the life of Hammersmith Hospital. Robbie Vincent updates the highlights from yesterday’s programmes.

09.30But First This ..

11.00News, Regional News, Weather

11.05The Reluctant Cook

11.35Hospital Watch

12.00News, Regional News, Weather

12.05The Garden Party

12.55Regional News; Weather

13.00One O’Clock News, Westhr


13.50Tastes of Wales

14.20TV Movie: The Two Worlds of Jennie Logan (1979)
Starring Lindsay Wagner. An antique Victorian dress conjures up trouble for Jennie Logan, but is she experiencing a mental breakdown or something far more fantastic?


16.10The All New Popeye Show

16.35Like Father, Like Son


17.05Byker Grove
Children’s drama set in a Newcastle youth club.


18.00Six O’Clock News
with Anna Ford and Andrew Harvey. Weather from Ian McCaskill

18.30Regional news magazine

19.00Hospital Watch
Presented by Sarah Greene, Maggie Philbin, Mike Smith and Robbie Vincent.


20.00The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin
Classic comedy serial starring Leonard Rossiter.

20.30Two Point Four Children
First of comedy series starring Belinda Lang and Gary Olsen

21.00Nine O’Clock News

21.30Specially Selected Canned Carrott
The very best bits of Jasper Carrott.

22.15Hospital Watch

22.45Film: The Dead Zone (1983)
Starring Christopher Walken Martin Sheen and based on the book by Stephen King. Emerging from a five-year coma Johnny Smith discovers he has a strange power, he can see visions of the past, present and future.


07.10Open University


08.15Bad Lands

09.25Holiday Outings

09.30TUC Conference

12.45Twirling the Edge

13.15England Art
The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition.

13.20Johnson and Friends


13.35Discovering Birds

14.00News; Weather, followed by the TUC Conference

17.00One in Four Magazine programme about disability.

17.30Gardeners’ World

18.00Wild Horses
Starring Kenny Rogers as an ex-rodeo rider looking for a way out of his mundane existence. On impulse he signs up for a wild mustang round-up.

Classic US comedy starring Phil Silvers

20.00Hear Say

20.30Wildlife Showcase

21.00Rab C Nesbitt
Comedy starring Gregor Fisher.

21.30The Last Days of Leningrad
Season of films about one of Europe’s most enigmatic cities. For 50 years Leningrad’s film directors have been portraying life in their troubled city. The first of two compilation programmes brings together these remarkable films for the first time on British television.

with Jeremy Paxman

23.15Brecon Jazz 91
Featuring solo jazz guitarist Joe Pass. Introduced by Jools Holland.


1994: Death of football legend Billy Wright aged 70.

1998: A Swissair plane flying from New York to Geneva crashes in the sea off the coast of Nova Scotia, killing all 229 people on board.

2003: Libertines singer Pete Doherty is sentenced to six months in prison after being found guilty of burglary and drug possession charges. His sentence is reduced to two months on appeal.

2004: A three-day siege in the Russian town of Beslan ends with the deaths of 335 people, half of them children, as Chechnyan rebels fire at the backs of fleeing school pupils and a suicide bomber blows herself up in the middle of the crowded gym where more hostages were being held. On the same day, Sir Cliff Richard stuns the music industry by ending his contract with EMI Records after 46 years and signing with Eminem’s label Universal Music.

2005: Fats Domino is rescued from New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina caused widespread flooding.

2010: Cellist Mike Edwards a former member of ELO, is killed in a freak accident when a giant bale of hay tumbles down a hill in Devon and crashes into his van. On the same day, Cyril Smith, Liberal Member of Parliament and alleged serial sex offender, dies aged 82. Also, singer Cheryl Cole divorces soccer player Ashley Cole due to his unreasonable behaviour.

2017: Walter Becker, co-founder and guitarist for Steely Dan dies aged 67.

2019: Songwriter LaShawn Daniels, who co-wrote such hits as Destiny’s Child’s Say My Name and Lady Gaga’s Telephone dies in a car crash in South Carolina aged 41.

2020; MacKenzie Scott, philanthropist and ex-wife of Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, becomes the world’s richest woman, worth $68 billion.

BIRTHDAYS: Pauline Collins, actress, 82; Al Jardine, guitarist/singer (The Beach Boys) 80; Valerie Perrine, actress, 79; Eric Bell, guitarist (Thin Lizzy) 75; Steve Jones, guitarist (The Sex Pistols), 67; Suzanne Freitag, vocalist (Propaganda) 65; Rachel Johnson, journalist, 57; Derek Redmond, athlete, 57; Charlie Sheen (Carlos Estevez), actor, 57; Gareth Southgate, England football manager, 52; Fearne Cotton, broadcaster, 41; Gareth Hedlund, actor, 38; Scott Carson, goalkeeper, 37; Chris Fountain, actor, 35; Jake Quickenden, Reality TV personality, 34.