1571: Catholic rebellion in Scotland.
1682: Astronomer Edmond Halley observes the comet named after him.
1824: Birth of composer Anton Bruckner in Austria.
1842: Work on Cologne cathedral recommences after a 284-year hiatus.
1862: General Robert E Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops in the American Civil War.
1867: Members of the Wednesday Cricket Club in Sheffield form a football club to keep fit during the winter. That club is now known as Sheffield Wednesday.
1882: In its first large scale test, Thomas Edison’s light bulb is used to light New York’s Pearl Street Station.
1884: Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales, Australia.
1886: Apache chief Geronimo surrenders, ending last major US-Indian war.
1888: George Eastman patents the first roll-film camera and registers “Kodak”.
1893: Author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a five year-old boy.
1904: The Dalai Lama signs a treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet.
1905: Chelsea play their first match at Stamford Bridge, a friendly game against Liverpool.
1907: Death of Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg aged 64.
1912: The first collision on the London Underground injures 22 people.
1914: France, Russia, and Britain agree a pact that none will make a separate peace.
1933: Coup on Cuban president De Cespedes by Fulgencio Batista, who remains in power for 26 years.
1936: Franco’s troops conquer Irun and Talavera de la Reina, Spain.
1939: German troops move into Danzig. On the same day, Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated.
1944: The British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp. On the same day, Finland breaks diplomatic relations with Nazi Germany.
1948: Queen Wilhelmina abdicates the Dutch throne.
1951: The first transcontinental TV broadcast is made by US President Harry Truman.
1953: Singles chart:
- I Believe – Frankie Laine
- The Song From Moulin Rouge – Mantovani
- Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Frank Chacksfield
- Let’s Walk That-a-Way – Doris Day and Johnnie Ray
- Look At That Girl – Guy Mitchell
- I’m Walking Behind You – Eddie Fisher with Sally Sweetland
- Terry’s Theme From Limelight – Ron Goodwin
- Say You’re Mine Again – June Hutton and Axel Stordahl with The Boys Next Door
- Eternally – Jimmy Young
- Seven Lonely Days – Gisele Mackenzie
1957: The Wolfenden Report suggests consenting sex between homosexual adults “in private” should no longer be a criminal offence in Britain. On the same day, Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Little Rock’s Central High School.
1962: The Beatles’ first formal recording session at EMI’s Abbey Road studios takes place. Among the songs recorded is their first single, Love Me Do. As producer George Martin had never met Ringo Starr before he insists that session drummer Andy White plays drums and Ringo plays tambourine. They are also asked to record the song How Do You Do It, by writer Mitch Murray, which the band deliberately makes a hash of. The song is eventually a No1 for Gerry and The Pacemakers the following year.
1964: The Queen officially opens the Forth Road Bridge, Europe’s longest suspension bridge linking Edinburgh to Perth across the River Forth.
1965: The Who’s van containing £5,000 worth of equipment is stolen from outside Battersea Dogs Home while the band are inside buying a guard dog.
1966: Jack Brabham clinches his third Formula 1 World Drivers Championship, coming sixth at the Italian Grand Prix in Monza.
1968: The Beatles record promotional videos for Hey Jude and Revolution at Twickenham Film Studios. The vocals are recorded live over the pre-recorded instrumental tracks to get round a Musicians Union ban on lip-sync performances. On the same day, Nigerian troops conquer the city of Aba, Biafra, during the Nigerian Civil War.
1970: Russian ballerina Natalia Makarova defects in London. On the same day, Marxist Salvador Allende wins a narrow plurality of votes in Chile’s presidential election. Also, IRA member Michael Kane is killed in the premature explosion of a bomb he was planting at an electricity transformer in Belfast.
1972: Mark Spitz becomes the first athlete to win seven gold medals at a single Olympic Games as part of the American 4x100m swimming relay at Munich. On the same day, Soviet athlete Valeriy Borzov wins the 200m to complete the sprint double. Also Kenyan legend Kip Keino follows his 1,500m gold iat the Mexico games in 1968 with an Olympic record of 8:23.64 to win the 3,000m steeplechase.
1976: George Best scores on his debut for Fulham after 71 seconds. On the same day, The Sex Pistols makde their television debut when they appear on the Granada TV program ‘So It Goes’.
1978: Two million people are made homeless as the worst floods in living memory hit northern India.
Tonight on TV (Monday)
|09.30||Search for the Super|
|10.30||Little House on the Prairie|
|12.30||At the Embankment|
|13.00||News at One|
|14.00||Summer After Noon|
|14.25||Trade Union Congress|
|16.45||Enid Blyton’s Famous Five|
|17.45||News at 5.45|
|18.00||A Town called….|
|19.30||Film: On Her Majesty’s Secret Service (1969) |
Starring George Lazenby as James Bond
|22.00||News at Ten|
|23.30||The Streets of San Francisco |
Crime series starring Karl Malden and Michael Douglas.
|16.18||Regional News (exe London)|
|16.45||James and the Giant Peach|
|17.35||Ivor the Engine|
|18.40||Film: Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1968) |
Fantasy starring Dick van Dyke
|21.00||Nine O’Clock News|
|19.00||News on 2 Headlines|
|19.05||World Chess Championship Report|
|19.30||News on 2|
|20.05||John Williams’ World of Music |
The celebrated classical guitarist presents a selection of music he enjoys playing and listening to with special guests Andre Previn , Cleo Laine and John Dankworth.
|21.00||The Goodies |
Comedy series starring Bill Oddie, Graeme Garden and Tim Brooke-Taylor.
|21.30||A Curtain Call for Moliere |
Part five of a six-part serial.
|23.30||Late News on 2|
1984: Nigerian singer Fela Kuti is sentenced to two years in prison on a charge of currency smuggling which Amnesty International and others denounce as politically motivated.
1987: Drummer Mike Joyce quits The Smiths.
1988: Actor Kevin Bacon marries actress Kyra Sedgwick.
1997: Seven people are killed and more than 170 injured in a series of suicide bomb attacks in Jerusalem.
1998: Google is incorporated by Stanford University students Larry Page and Sergey Brin.On the same day, the quiz show ‘Who Wants To Be A Millionaire’ begins on ITV.
2005: Album chart:
- Wonderland – McFly
- Late Registration – Kanye West
- Back To Bedlam – James Blunt
- X & Y – Coldplay
- Employment – Kaiser Chiefs
- Supernature – Goldfrapp
- Eye To The Telescope – K T Tunstall
- Breakaway – Kelly Clarkson
- Demon Days – Gorillaz
- Forever Faithless: The Greatest Hits – Faithless
2006: Australian naturalist and TV personality Steve Irwin is attacked and killed aged 44 by a stingray while filming.
2008: The first guitar torched on stage by Jimi Hendrix sells for £280,000 at an auction of rock memorabilia. The Fender Stratocaster was burned during a performance at the Astoria, Finsbury Park, in 1967.
2014: Comedienne Joan Rivers dies at 81 after complications from a procedure on her vocal cords.
2015: Legendary ska trombonist Rico Rodriguez dies aged 80.
2016: Mother Teresa is canonised at The Vatican by Pope Francis.
2018: Amazon becomes America’s second trillion dollar company.
2019: Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam withdraws the controversial extradition bill to China after three months of massive protests. On the same day, a rebel alliance of MPs vote to ban a no-deal Brexit and reject PM Boris Johnson’s call for a snap election.
BIRTHDAYS: Mitzi Gaynor (Francesca von Gerber), actress, 90; Tony Book, footballer/manager, 87; Dawn Fraser, Australian swimmer, 84; Dave Bassett, football manager, 77; Tom Watson, golfer, 72; Martin Chambers, drummer (The Pretenders), 70; David Renwick, TV writer, 70; Blackie Lawless (Steven Duren), musician (W.A.S.P) 65; Damon Wayans, actor/writer/comedian, 61; Kim Thayil, guitarist (Soundgarden), 61; Kevin Kennedy, actor, 60; Jeff Tremaine, director/screenwriter, 55; James Cleverly MP, cabinet minister, 52; Mark Ronson, record producer/musician, 46; Max Greenfield, actor, 42; Beyonce (Carter) singer, 40; Whitney Cummings, comedian/writer, 39; James Bay, singer-songwriter, 31.