1492: Christopher Columbus’ fleet leaves Gomera, one of the Canary Islands.
1620: The Mayflower departs Plymouth with 102 Pilgrims and about 30 crew for the New World.
1622: The Spanish silver fleet disappears off the Florida Keys.
1628: Puritans from the Masschusetts Bay Colony land at Salem.
1642: The Long Parliament issues ordinance ordering the closure of London theatres.
1651: Charles II hides in an oak tree during his escape after losing the Battle of Worcester.
1666: The Great Fire of London is finally extinguished.
1688: Austrian armies occupy Belgrade.
1690: William III escapes back to England during the Nine Years War with France.
1715: Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland.
1776: 100 French and Dutch ships sink when a hurricane hits Martinique, killing 600. On the same day, it hits Guadeloupe, killing more than 6,000.
1791: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera “La Clemenza di Tito” premieres in Prague.
1819: Thomas Blanchard patents the lathe.
1861: Union general Ulysses S Grant’s forces occupy Paducah, Kentucky in the American Civil War.
1862: Confederate general Stonewall Jackson’s army occupies Frederick, Maryland during the American Civil War.
1876: A race riot breaks out in Charleston, South Carolina.
1880: Beginning of the first Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval. W G Grace scores 152.
1886: Queen Victoria establishes the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
1898: Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi’s tomb in Omdurman.
1901: US President William McKinley is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York.
1914: French and British forces prevent a German advance on Paris at the beginning of the First Battle of the Marne.
1916: The first real supermarket, the “Piggly Wiggly”, is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee.
1920: Jack Dempsey KOs Billy Miske in Round 3 for the heavyweight boxing title – broadcast for the first time on radio.
1924: Unsuccessful assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini.
1930: Argentine president Hipolito Yrigoyen is deposed in a military coup.
1939: South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany.
1942: Czech marathon runner Oskar Hêks is transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau.
1946: Terence Rattigan’s “The Winslow Boy” premieres in London.
1948: Juliana is crowned Queen of The Netherlands following the abdication of her mother, Queen Wilhemina.
1952: Thirty-one people, mostly spectators, are killed as a jet fighter breaks up over the crowd at the Farnborough Air Show in Hampshire. On the same day, actress Gertrude Lawrence dies from cancer aged 54.
1954: A US plane is shot down over Siberia.
1959: Actress Kay Kendal dies from leukaemia at 32.
1960: Australian middle distance runner Herb Elliott breaks his own world record to win the 1500m at the Rome Olympics in 3:35.6.
1963: Cilla Black signs a management contract with Beatles manager Brian Epstein.
1965: Indian troops invade West Pakistan.
1966: Race riot in Atlanta, Georgia. On the same day, Hendrik Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa, is assassinated by Dimitri Tsafendas.
1968: Eric Clapton adds the guitar solos to the George Harrison song ‘While My Guitar Gently Weeps’ for The Beatles White Album. On the same day, Swaziland gains independence from Britain.
1970: Four New York-bound airliners are hijacked over western Europe in an operation carried out by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
1971: Prime Minister Edward Heath meets with Irish Taoiseach Jack Lynch at Chequers to discuss the situation in Northern Ireland.
1972: All of the Israeli athletes kidnapped from the Olympic Village in Munich are killed in a gun battle along with five of the eight members of the Black September terror group.
1975: Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova asks for political asylum during the US Open in New York City. On the same day, Chris Evert wins her first of six US singles titles, beating Australian Evonne Goolagong Cawley 5-7, 6-4, 6-2.
1976: A Russian pilot defects to Japan in a Mig 25 jet.
1982: Dissidents seize the Polish Embassy in Bern, Switzerland.
1983: The Soviet Union admits that it shot down South Korean airliner KAL 007 on September 1 after it strayed into Soviet airspace
1986: Martina Navratilova wins her third US Open singles title, beating Helena Suková of Czechoslovakia 6-3, 6-2.
1988: Damaged Soviet Soyuz TM-5 craft lands safely with two cosmonauts on board. On the same day, 11 year-old schoolboy Thomas Gregory swims the English Channel.
1989: The Amateur Athletic Federation strips Canadian drugs cheat Ben Johnson of all track records.
1990: Tom Fogerty rhythm guitarist with Credence Clearwater Revival died aged 49 due to complications from AIDS acquired during a blood transfusion.
1991: Russia’s second largest city, Leningrad, is restored to its original name of St Petersburg after 67 years.
1992: Gay Kelleway becomes the first female jockey to ride a winner at Royal Ascot.
- Rhythm Is A Dancer – Snap
- Ebeneezer Goode – The Shamen
- Baker Street – Undercover
- The Best Things In Life Are Free – Luther Vandross ft Janet Jackson
- Achy Breaky Heart – Billy Ray Cyrus
- Too Much Love Will Kill You – Brian May
- Just Another Day – John Secada
- It’s My Life – Dr Alban
- Walking On Broken Glass – Annie Lennox
- Don’t You Want Me – Felix
- Tubular Bells II – Mike Oldield
- Tourism – Roxette
- Greatest Hits – Kylie Minogue
- Back To Front – Lionel Richie
- Diva – Annie Lennox
- Unplugged – Eric Clapton
- Best 1 – The Smiths
- Paul Weller – Paul Weller
- The Greatest Hits – Neil Diamond
- Dangerous – Michael Jackson
1994: Keyboard player Nicky Hopkins, who worked with The Rolling Stones, The Who, John Lennon, George Harrison and The Kinks among many others, died aged 50, in Nashville from complications from intestinal surgery.
1997: Millions mourn at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales either watching on TV or lining the route of the hearse.
1998: Iconic Japanese director/screenwriter Akira Kurosawa dies from a stroke aged 88.
2007: Operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti dies aged 71.
2015: German police confirm more than 13,000 refugees have arrived in Southern Germany in past two days.
2017: Catalonia’s parliament passes a law to allow a referendum on independence from Spain.
2018: Brazilian presidential candidate Jair Bolsonaro is is stabbed at a campaign rally in Juiz de Fora. On the same day, New York and New Jersey state attorneys launch investigations into sexual abuse by the Catholic clergy, bring the total number of states investigating to six. Also, actor Burt Reynolds dies aged 82.
2019: Former President of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, dies aged 95.
BIRTHDAYS: Roger Waters, bassist/singer/songwriter (Pink Floyd) 77; Jane Curtin, actress, 73; Bruce Rioch, former footballer/manager, 73; Patrick O’Hearn, bassist (Frank Zappa) 66; Buster Bloodvessel (Douglas Trendle) singer (Bad Manners) 62; Pal Waaktaam, guitarist/songwriter (A-Ha) 59; Pat Nevin, former footballer, 57; Rosie Perez, actress, 56; Macy Gray (Natalie McIntyre) singer, 51; Paddy Boom, (Patrick Seacor), drummer (Scissor Sisters) 51; Idris Elba, actor, 48; Greg Rusedski, former tennis star, 47; Tim Henman, former tennis star, 46; Nina Persson, singer (The Cardigans) 46; Naomie Harris, actress, 44; Mathew Horne, actor, 42; Kerry Katona, singer/media personality, 40; Pippa Middleton, 37.