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1666: The Great Fire of London was finally extinguished – it started on September 2.
1879: The first British telephone exchange opened in Lombard Street, London.
1880: England beat Australia by five wickets at the Oval in the first Test match played in England, and WG Grace scored England’s first Test century.
1941: Yellow Star of David badges became compulsory for all Jews living in Nazi Germany.
1966: Hendrik Verwoerd, South African prime minister since 1958, was assassinated in parliament in Cape Town by Dimitri Tsafendas.
1990: Cricketer Sir Len Hutton, the first professional to captain England, died aged 74. His son Richard was born the very same day in 1942.
2007: Tributes flooded in from around the world after opera superstar Luciano Pavarotti lost his battle with pancreatic cancer at the age of 71.
2012: A four-year-old British girl was found alive underneath the bodies of her family hours after a gunman opened fire on their car in the French Alps.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Fatalities were reported after a powerful earthquake struck Japan’s northernmost main island of Hokkaido.
BIRTHDAYS: Roger Law, satirist and puppeteer, 78; Roger Waters, rock musician (Pink Floyd), 76; Bruce Rioch, former Arsenal football manager, 72; Rosie Perez, actress, 55; Idris Elba, actor, 47; Greg Rusedski, former tennis player, 46; Tim Henman, former tennis player, 45; Nina Persson, singer (The Cardigans), 45; Pippa Middleton, 36.