70AD: The Romans occupy and plunder Jerusalem.
1191: Richard I defeats Saladin at Arsuf in the Third Crusade.
1497: Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is acclaimed as King Richard IV on Bodmin Moor.
1533: Elizabeth I (Tudor) is born in Greenwhich.
1630: The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1701: Germany, England and The Netherlands sign an anti-French covenant.
1812: The Battle at Borodino is fought during the Napoleonic Wars as Napoleon’s Grande Armee launched an attack on Russian Imperial forces.
1836: Liberal Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman is born in Glasgow.
1876: Frank James and his gang are involved in a disastrous raid in Northfield, Minnesota, which results in the death or capture of multiple gang members.
1892: James Corbett KO’s favourite and defending champion John L. Sullivan in 21 rounds at the Olympic Club, New Orleans for theworld heavyweight boxing title – Sullivan’s only defeat and his last fight.
1901: The Peace of Peking ends the Boxer Rebellion in China.
1909: Eugene Lefebvre becomes the first pilot to die in an airplane crash while testing the new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy.
1923: Interpol forms in Vienna.
1925: Birth of fashion designer Laura Ashley in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales.
1936: The Boulder Dam begins operating. On the same day, the last thylacine dies in Hobart Zoo, Tasmania.
1940: The Luftwaffe unleashes a blitz of heavy bombing raids on London, killing hundreds of civilians. The Germans lose 41 bombers but it is the first of 57 consecutive nights of bombing.
1943: 987 Dutch Jews are transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
1950: Monasteries shut down in Hungary.
1952: The Egyptian Army forces Prime Minister Aly Maher out of office. General Naguib forms a new government and becomes premier. On the same day, Alberto Ascari of Italy in a Ferrari wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with victory in the season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza.
1953: Maureen Connolly becomes the first female to achieve a Grand Slam, beating Doris Hart 6-2, 6-4 in the US National Championships at Forest Hills, New York.
1960: The future King Constantine II of Greece wins the Dragon class sailing gold medal at the Rome Olympics.
1968: Jimmy Page, Robert Plant, John Paul Jones and John Bonham made their live debut billed as The New Yardbirds at Teen Club in Gladsaxe (a suburb in the outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark). They would quickly change their name to Led Zeppelin.
1969: Matra-Ford driver Jackie Stewart wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1977: Ethiopia drops diplomatic relations with Somalia. On the same day, Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy is released from prison after serving 4 years and 4 1/2 months.
1978: Keith Moon of The Who dies of a overdose of heminevrin prescribed to combat alcoholism.
1980: 51 of the 52 nominated performers boycott the Emmy Awards due to a strike by members of the Screen Actors Guild.
1986: Desmond Tutu becomes Anglican archbishop of Capetown, South Africa. On the same day, five people die in a failed assassination attempt on Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.
1992: Soldiers fire on an African National Congress demonstration in South Africa, killing 24.
1996: Rapper Tupac Shakur is shot multiple times in a drive by shooting in Las Vegas.
- The Drugs Don’t Work – The Verve
- Men In Black – Will Smith
- Tubthumping – Chumbawaba
- Where’s The Love – Hansen
- I’ll Be Missing You – Puff Daddy ft Faith Evans
- I Know Where It’s At – All Saints
- Live The Dream – Cast
- Honey – Mariah Carey
- Never Gonna Let You Go – Tina Moore
- Even After All – Finley Quaye
- Be Here Now – Oasis
- Calling All Stations – Genesis
- OK Computer – Radiohead
- White on Blonde – Texas
- The Fat Of The Land – The Prodigy
- Much Love – Shola Ama
- Mouth To Mouth – The Levellers
- 10 – Wet Wet Wet
- Spice – The Spice Girls
- Always On My Mind: Ultimate Love Songs – Elvis Presley
2003: Singer, songwriter, Warren Zevon dies from cancer.
2011: A plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
2012: Canada closes its Iranian embassy and expels Iranian diplomatic staff.
2016: The Paralympics opens in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2018: Cardi B and Nicki Minaj come to blows at a New York Fashion event.
2019: ‘Joker’, directed by Todd Phillips and starring Joachim Phoenix, wins the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.
BIRTHDAYS: Sonny Rollins, jazz saxophonist, 90; Gloria Gaynor, singer, 77; Julie Kavner, actress/voice artist (Marge Simpson) 70; Chrissie Hynde, singer-songwriter, 69; Benmont Tench, keyboardist, 66; Corbin Bernsen, actor, 66; Diane Warren, songwriter 64; Toby Jones, actor, 53; Leslie Jones, comedy actress, 53; Shannon Elizabeth, actress, 47; Evan Rachel Wood, actress, 33.