70AD: The Romans occupy and plunder Jerusalem.
1191: Richard I defeats Saladin at Arsuf in the Third Crusade.
1497: Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is acclaimed as King Richard IV on Bodmin Moor.
1533: Elizabeth I (Tudor) is born in Greenwhich.
1630: The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1701: Germany, England and The Netherlands sign an anti-French covenant.
1812: The Battle at Borodino is fought during the Napoleonic Wars as Napoleon’s Grande Armee launched an attack on Russian Imperial forces.
1836: Liberal Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman is born in Glasgow.
1876: Frank James and his gang are involved in a disastrous raid in Northfield, Minnesota, which results in the death or capture of multiple gang members.
1892: James Corbett KO’s favourite and defending champion John L. Sullivan in 21 rounds at the Olympic Club, New Orleans for theworld heavyweight boxing title – Sullivan’s only defeat and his last fight.
1901: The Peace of Peking ends the Boxer Rebellion in China.
1909: Eugene Lefebvre becomes the first pilot to die in an airplane crash while testing the new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy.
1923: Interpol forms in Vienna.
1925: Birth of fashion designer Laura Ashley in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales.
1936: The Boulder Dam begins operating. On the same day, the last thylacine dies in Hobart Zoo, Tasmania.
1940: The Luftwaffe unleashes a wave of heavy bombing raids on London, killing hundreds of civilians.
1943: 987 Dutch Jews are transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
1950: Monasteries shut down in Hungary.
1952: General Mohammed Neguib forces Aly Maher out of office in Egypt and assumes control of the country. On the same day, Alberto Ascari of Italy in a Ferrari wins the Formula 1 World Drivers Championship with victory in the season ending Italian Grand Prix at Monza.
1953: Maureen Connolly becomes the first female to achieve a Grand Slam, beating Doris Hart 6-2, 6-4 in the US National Championships at Forest Hills, New York.
1960: The future King Constantine II of Greece wins the Dragon class sailing gold medal at the Rome Olympics.
1968: Billed as The New Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin make their live debut at Teen Club in Gladsaxe (a suburb in the outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark).
1969: Matra-Ford driver Jackie Stewart wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship.
1977: Ethiopia drops diplomatic relations with Somalia. On the same day, Watergate conspirator G. Gordon Liddy is released from prison after serving 4 years and 4 1/2 months.
1978: Keith Moon, drummer with The Who, dies aged 32 from an overdose of heminevrin, prescribed to combat alcoholism.
1980: 51 of the 52 nominated performers boycott the Emmy Awards due to a strike by members of the Screen Actors Guild.
1984: A salmonella outbreak spreads across hospitals in Yorkshire..
1986: Desmond Tutu becomes Anglican archbishop of Capetown, South Africa. On the same day, five people die in a failed assassination attempt on Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet.
- Don’t Leave Me This Way – The Communards
- I Want To Wake Up With You – Boris Gardiner
- We Don;t Have To Take Our Clothes Off – Jermaine Stewart
- Rage Hard – Grankie Goes To Hollywood
- Glory Of Love – Peter Cetera
- Holiday Rap – MC Miker G and DJ Sven
- Brother Louis – Modern Talkiing
- (I Just) Died In Your Arms – Cutting Crew
- So Macho – Sinitta
- Human – The Human League
- Now That’s What I Call Music 7 – Various Artists
- Dancing On The Ceiling – Lionel Richie
- Silk And Steel – Five Star
- Graceland – Paul Simon
- True Blue – Madonna
- A Kind Of Magic – Queen
- Revenge – Eurythmics
- Press To Play – Paul McCartney
- Into The Light – Chris De Burgh
- The Heat Is On – Various Artists
1992: Soldiers fire on an African National Congress demonstration on the border of Ciskei in South Africa, killing 24.
1996: Rapper Tupac Shakur is shot multiple times in a drive by shooting in Las Vegas.
2003: Singer-songwriter, Warren Zevon dies after a battle with cancer.
2011: A plane crash in Russia kills 43 people, including nearly the entire roster of the Lokomotiv Yaroslavl Kontinental Hockey League team.
2012: Canada closes its Iranian embassy and expels Iranian diplomatic staff.
2016: The Paralympics opens in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2018: Cardi B and Nicki Minaj come to blows at a New York Fashion event.
2019: ‘Joker’, directed by Todd Phillips and starring Joachim Phoenix, wins the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival.
BIRTHDAYS: Sonny (Walter) Rollins, jazz saxophonist, 91; Dario Argento, director/screenwriter, 81; Alan Oakes, footballer, 79; Gloria Gaynor (Fowles), singer, 78; Julie Kavner, actress/voice artist (Marge Simpson) 71; Chrissie Hynde, singer-songwriter/guitarist (The Pretenders), 70; Morris Albert (Maurício Alberto Kaisermann), singer-songwriter, 70; Michael Emerson, actor, 67; Benmont Tench, keyboards/songwriter (The Heartbreakers), 67; Corbin Bernsen, actor, 67; Diane Warren, songwriter, 65; Toby Jones, actor, 55; Holly Golightly (Smith), singer-songwriter, 55; Lesley (Annette) Jones, actress/comedian, 54; Marcel Desailly, French footballer, 53; Shannon Elizabeth (Fadal), actress, 48; Evan Rachel Wood, actress, 34; Robert Snodgrass, footballer, 34.